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n s«vyx£ 

12p July 1978 

“Tltey just don’t want to 

That’s right, we want less of 
wage-slavery. The bosses with 
their long, luxurious holidays 
and 3-hour lunches always get 
indignant at this. When they 
work long hours (knowing 
they can take plenty of time 
off once the pressure is off) 
it’s because they’re doing their 

We want to do our thing, 
whether it’s our own private 
work or recreation or just 


. We AQfUt, want a 35-hour 

""'week and longer holidays fust 

to cut clown on unemploy- 
‘ ment. though that matters too. 
We want them because we 

just bloody well don’t want to 
work so hard for them. 


The CBI says that if we get 
more time off industry won’t 





Bread & Roses July 1978 

be competitive. 

Competitive with whom? 
The Japanese, who treat their 
workers like slaves? 


The T&GWU say: “Increased 
leisure time, bringing with it 
greater enjoyment of life, 
more opportunities for educa¬ 
tion and development of 
abilities and interests, and 
better family life, is a principal 
aim of trade unionism.” 


let them work harder. 

100 HOURS 

work for both is stHl almost' 
endless. Single parents of 
either sex have no-one to help. 

But whosoever does it, in 
this society those people have 
no holidays. No sick leave. No 
weekends. And most of the 
time, not even any evening. 

This is oppression too. The 
TUC doesn’t mention it, but 
we do. 


life-style by thinking the right 

But even within the con¬ 
fines of capitalism, and while 



fighting for freedom 
from wage-labour, we can try, 
as friends, trade unionists, 
anarchists, socialists, and/or 
feminists, to share what leisure 
there is for the working class 
as a whole. 

NILE CR¥!ttS^£831 

the cost of 

ZiZZ -,...- 1° a great extent, industrial 

Shorter hours can make more 
time available for shared child¬ 
care. Higher wages can give 
people the chance to set up 
their own nurseries or com¬ 
munal households without 
state control. 

Giving a parent paid leave 
to care for children when then- 
partner at home was ill would 
be an important gain. 


Don’t forget that some people 
wPrk a hundred-hour week: 
those who are raising young 

Mainly it’s women who do 
it. In more modem households, 
the father* helps—and the 

It’s just bourgeois, blinkered 
idealism to think that wage- 
slaves can entirely change their 

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Scotland & 

No, this isn’t a report of the 
match that never was, but a 
reminder of the things which 
the- net world cur> 

Imthe past four years, the 
average real wage has fallen 
by £5.20. One of the main 
reasons for this is the rise in 
food prices: according to the 
Guardian, in the inflation since 
the last war “. . . the price of 
the biggest item in a family’s 
budget—food—rose more 
fiercely than the rest.” 

So it’s not surprising that 
working-class people should be 
subjected to a lot of propa¬ 
ganda these days to the effect 
that we can manage to eat well 
if only we take various experts’ 
advice on economising. 

They plainly have the idea 
that the average housewife sails 
into a shop, grabs whatever she 
fancies off the shelves, then 
gets home and says in pretty 

bewilderment “Where has all 
the money gone?” 

None of them has ever followed 
me around as I walk with my nose 
in the shopping list, muttering “2p 
saved on marg—5p lost [budget 
exceeded due to price rise or cheap¬ 
est brand sold out] on tea—net 
loss 3p—7p saved on bread [deliber¬ 
ate overprediction to raise morale] 
—net gain 4p.” 

How do they think poor people 
survive anyway, if not by stringent 


One letter from a dietician said 
there’s nothing wrong with poor 
families living on baked beans, baked 
beans are very nutritious. 

Another “latest scientific dis¬ 
covery” coming coincidentally in an 
era when tamilies can’t afford balan¬ 
ced diets, is that we don’t really 

need a balanced diet, that’s just an 
old-fashioned dogma: anything will 
do as long as we get enough of it. 

In another article a fashion model 
tells how she lives on some ridicu¬ 
lous sum by eating a pulse-based diet. 
Trouble is (as some letters point 
out, confirmed by a friend who, like 
me, is a vegetarian) she doesn’t eat 
enough to keep a bird alive. 

And a Sunday supplement fea¬ 
ture shows three consumer experts 
each posing in front of their surban 
homes, who discuss how they 
manage to shop on £5 a week less 
than I need as an absolute minimum. 


Sometimes the economy experts 
“advise” you not to buy the more 
expensive cuts of meat, since liver 
etc are just as nutritious. 

I have news for .them—I never 
even see the expensive cuts of 

meat as food anymore; my eyes 
just register tham as window- 
dressing along with the plastic pars¬ 
ley and the pictures of Raewyn 
Blade. . 

Truth to tell, many of the cuts 
they define as cheap, such as shoul¬ 
der of lamb, I define as expensive. 
The last time I went into the but¬ 
chers 1 bought some of this and 
some of that and he said: “Which 
is for you and which is for the cat?” 
“It’s all for the cat—I buy our own 
meat elsewhere,” I said (or wished 
I had afterwards). 

That’s only one problem with 
cheap shopping—you need a hard 
neck. Shopkeepers don’t like poor 
people and they let you know it, 
with comments like “Anything else 
for you today?” and “How about 
some cheap apples for the children?” 

And when a kid is clamouring for 
some bit of sweet rubbish, shop¬ 
keepers are fond of “giving” it to 

and the tattered remnants of 

Ally’s Army have in common. 

Both Scotland and Argen¬ 
tina are overwhelmingly 
working class countries. 

Both have long traditions of 
class struggle. 

Both have economies large¬ 
ly dominated by international 
companies. In fact, it’s the 
same companies. 

In both countries a tiny 
handful of people own vast 
tracts of land while the majo¬ 
rity of the population are 
herded into the cities. 

The Vestey family own 
50,000 acres in Sutherland. 

The same family made their 
fortune by exploiting the 
Argentinian workers. 

These similarities are more 
important than our differences. 

see also p.12 

that you’re forced to pay for it. 


All the economy advice makes you 
feel very inadequate, and that’s what 
it’s supposed to do. 

Apart from conveying the idea 
that you’re not buying food wisely 
enough, it implies the subtler idea 
that if you can eat on £25 a week or 
whatever, you should therefore be 
able to live on that. 

You don’t really need beer or 
books or television or- fares to visit 

ctd p. 2 

Bread & Roses July 1978 


ditiicult times, when we’re all 
having to make sacrifices. 

Well, here’s a list of questions to 
ask yourself when some economy 
expert makes you feel inadequate. 

1. Are there any hidden expenses 
in the expert’s scheme? 

Does it require a car? storage space? 
cash outlay? — three big expenses in 
bulk-buying, which is so often sug¬ 
gested as the basis of household 

Food co-ops are a good idea for 
social as well as financial reasons, but 
if you’re not in the car-owning class 
yourself you may not be on close 
enough terms with anyone who is, 
to start a food co-op with them. 

When you’re really broke, you 
can’t even afford the large economy 
size, let alone bulk-buying. 

The poor always have to practice 
“false economy they have no 

Does it require a freezer or a 
refrigerator? — Believe it or not, 
some people—for example, 52% 
of adults on supplementary benefit 
— can’t afford a refrigerator. 

Does it require land for growing- 
your-own? At £1000 per acre— the 
last price I saw as an average for 
arable land, and that was some 
months ago—“self-sufficiency” is 
bloody expensive. 

2. Is it practical for those with 
young children? 

When you have young children, you 
are more economically crippled than 
at any other time, because of in¬ 
ability to earn anything: even if you 
go out to work, the cost of child care 
eats it all up, and in that case any¬ 
way you have to depend on evening 
or lunchtime shopping which absolu¬ 
tely rules out economy. 

Yet children make cheap shopping 
very difficult. You can’t go too far 
afield with a buggy to push or load 
onta a bus: double buggies and large 
prams won’t go onto a bus at all. 

And even if you were infinitely 
self-sacrificing in the cause of thrift, 
you couldn’t expect babies or tod¬ 
dlers to endure patiently a three-hour 
trudge to buy every loss-leader in 

3. Does it allow for family tastes? 

It’s no use serving up a lovely macro¬ 
biotic meal costing 50p if your 
husband is going to stalk out and 
spend £1 on a plate of swill in a cafe. 

And there are few criticisms as 
crushing as a child looking down at 
the plate and saying matter-of-factly 
“I don’t like it”. 

Are you really going to ask your 
kids to go without squash or cocoa 
,ust because they’re not essential to 
nutrition? Are you going to mutter 
something about economy when 
your child’s friend complains, 

“Kevin never has any biscuits in the 

Even if you cut out sweets for 
health reasons, children are always 
going to want some “reward” foods 
which by definition are outside the 
range of ordinary shopping. Sadly, 
the healthier treats like nuts, raisins, 
strawberries, melons, are much more 
expensive than sweets. 

4. Finally, does the suggested diet 
give you enough to eat? 

I’ve already mentioned the macro¬ 
biotic model who ate like a mouse. 
And if you’ve ever been in hospital 
and tried to live on just 3 square 
means a day plus 2 cups of cocoa, 
you’ve realised how dependent you 
are on extra snacks. 

If you’re not overweight, you 
need that extra food. Yet all the 
economy diets I’ve seen have been 
based on the assumption that you 
eat nothing but breakfast, lunch and 

“But everyone knows that people 
in the West eat too much — we 
should get used to less, when some 
people are actually starving.” 

When they close down all the 
expensive restaurants, do away with 
butter mountains, and distribute the 
Queen’s income to the hungry, then 
working-class people might start 
listening to things like that. 

As it is, it’s just an insult to tell 
us that we should eat less than we 
think we need. 


We don’t live in an environmentalist’s 
dream world, but in a crowded in¬ 
convenient dirty city where you need 
money to survive. 

If you can’t manage comfortably 
by buying the food that’s normally 
available in the local shops, in con¬ 
venient quantities, at the usual price. 

*then you haven’t got enough MONEY 
and you need to get more either from 
an employer or from the state. 

It’s this simple fact that the well- 
heeled economy experts would like 
you to forget—and it’s going to be 
like that until every person and every 
family has their fair share of the thing 
the food comes from: land. 


I dreamed I went to heaven, 

I’m in a grand and stately room, 

The queen of heaven’s in a housedress. 
In her hand she holds a broom. 

She says This is Housewives Heaven, 
No career girls can get in. 

They’ve had their fun already, 

Now yours can begin. 

Welcome, all my daughters, 

In your coveralls and jeans. 

Your clothes shine more brightly 
Than any oriental queen’s. 

She says, Here are your gold medals 
Because you raised the human race. 
You got up at night to feed it, 

Geaned its bum and washed its face. 
You cursed it and you hit it 
When it drove you mad, 

And then you hugged and kissed it 
Because you felt so bad. 

You see how clean the place is 
Now that all your cleaning^ done. 
Come sit down on the cushions. 

Drink and smoke and have fun. 

You see the feast is ready 
Now that all your cooking's through. 
It’s spread out on the table 
And it’s all just for you. 

There are no babies crying 
Now all your mothering is through. 
The children are grown up now, 

Do what you want to do. 

Welcome, all my daughters, 

And know your lives are blessed. 
Come in, all my daughters, 

Come sit down and rest. 

Maggie Thatcher, staunch 
upholder of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Northern Ireland (one of the 
largest centralised states in the 
world), supporter of more 
power for the police and the 
army, opponent of devolution, 
friend of big business*, appea¬ 
ser of Nazi-ism, defender of 
privilege, has been making 
noises about the world-wide 
struggle between freedom and 

What free world? 

In the “Free world.” she 
includes, besides our own 
corrupt and class-divided 
society, that shining example 
of parliamentary democracy 
the Italian Republic, and such 
gems as Rhodesia and Iran. 

It is only possible for her to 
get away with the contemptible 
and deliberate lie of calling 
this “freedom” because she 
compares it, not with REAL 
freedom, but with the so-called 
“communist” countries, which 
if anything are even worse. 

Only the overpowering smell 
of far advanced and maggoty 
decay from the “communist” 
countries can cover the stench 
of Maggigls hvpo cri 

What communism? 

Communism is a condition of 
society in which the means of 
production and distribution 
are shared by and under the 
joint control of all. 

There can be no communism 
without liberty, without the 
equal sharing of power, since 
if a powerful elite is formed 
you have the same old class 
system all over again. 

Marxist governments have 
dragged the name of commurn 
ism into the sewer. They have 
to be - will be - overthrown 
in the world-wide struggle 
for libertarian communism, 
along with all the capitalist 
and fascist regimes. 


*We almost said “whore of 
big business”, but this would 
have been a sexist insult to 
prostitute women. 

Bread & Roses July 1978 


This is the first issue of 
paper of the Anarchist 
Communist Association. 

We intend to bring it out 
monthly for a start, and 
forward to the daily. 

It’s called Bread and Roses 
because it had to be called 
something, and we thought 
this name said something 
about our politics. It is taken 
from the slogan first used 
during a long and bitter striker 
of women textile workers in 
the United States in the earliel 
part of this century. 

At least some of us thought 
it a good name, or anyway 
not as bad as some of the 
others which had been 
suggested, and those who 
thought it even worse 
dropped their objections 
when it became clear that, 
after months of arguing, we 
were in danger of going to 
press with a blank space 
where the name should be. 

A t least we were all agreed 
about what kind of paper we 
wanted to produce. Some¬ 
thing quite different from the 
various anarchist, anarcha- 
_ feminist , libertarian socialist 

or Marxist papers which alread ; 
exist, all of which have a 
strong middle class bias. 

A paper produced by the 
, working class, for the working 
j class. 

Of course we would welcomt 
I letters from people who have 
read this first issue and found 
it interesting. 

We would also welcome 
j letters from people who’ve 
| read this first issue and found 
it boring. Anything’s better 
than having to write the whole 
| thing ourselves a second time. 
i We welcome your participa- 
! tion if you like what we are 
j trying to do with this paper. 

“Trying” is the right word. 

1 Just about everything which 
could possibly go wrong has 
done so. 

Some of the funds went 
| missing, articles got left on the 
tube, a couple of us had ner¬ 
vous breakdowns, our sports 
correspondent has glandular 
• fever with complications (get 
j well soon Bob), and our 
schools correspondent broke 
his front tooth in the play¬ 

^ So we really do mean it 

when we say that if you like 
, t j what we are trying to do we 
would welcome your letters, 
articles, cartoons, and so on. 

‘It’s love that makes the world go 
round” said Alice, in Through The 
Looking Glass. 

■No it isn’t” said the Duchess. 

‘It’s people-minding their own 
business. And it would go round a 
great deal faster if everybody minded 
their own.” 

The government of South Africa 
doesn’t believe in love. And unlike 
the Duchess, they don’t believe in 
minding their own business either. 

A white man and a coloured 
(mixed race) woman who have been 
living together for eight years were 
recently ordered to part under the 
Immorality Act, which forbids sex 
across the colour line. 

They were both sentenced to 
six months in jail, suspended for 
three years on condition that they 
don’t make love to each other 

A police sergeant gave evidence 
that he had gone to their apartment 
and Erhard Gose had opened the 
door wearing only a pair of trousers. 
Ruth Reilly had been lying under a 
blanket in the only bed in the 

Ruth Reilly told reporters “It’s 
a cruel law that can part two people 
who love each other.” Erhard Gose 
said he intended to get an apart¬ 
ment of his own and work until he 
had enough money for himself and 
Ruth to leave South Africa. 

the spice 

against human nature. The history 
of the human species is one of 
variety and cross-fertilisation. 

South Africa has a very large 
“coloured” population. There are 
nearly as many people of mixed 
race as there are whites. Nearly all 
of them have come from unions 
between white men—Afrikaaners, 
j not English speakers—and black 
j women. In such relationships the 
' domination of the male was even 

of life 

Celtic Protestant background, and 
the reason for my involvement was 
to link up with other working class 
people to bring about the violent 
overthrow of capitalism, the govern¬ 
ment, the forces of law and order, 
the civil service, the armed forces, 
a’nd indeed all possible alternative 
governments, so it seemed a bit mis¬ 
leading to describe me as a liberal. 

What I could have added (but 


Well of course it’s nothing new for 
the clami}rvhaa4.o £. the, stated 
reach into lovers’ beds, though 
South Africa is particularly awful 
in some ways. 

And yet what about this country? 
Though there is no law against 
people of different races loving 
each other, there can be consider¬ 
able pressure and unhappiness. 

There used to be a song a few 
years ago that went “What we need 
is a great big melting pot/big enough 
to take the world and all it’s got/ 
keep it stirring for a hundred years 
or more/we’ll have coffee coloured 
people by the score”. 

als—and the nightmare of the 

The truth is probably that if all 
the hostility which lovers of a 
different colour have to face could 
somehow be removed tomorrow, 
there would be a dramatic increase 
in coffee coloured people within a 
few years. But it seems unlikely 
that we would all be the same shade 
within a hundred years. You would 
still get black, and white, and 
brown, and it seems widly unlikely 
that all those thousands of millions 
of Giinese could disappear into the 
melting pot. __ 



I don’t see what’s wrong with having 
different races. On the other hand 
I’m not a racialist—I don’t see any¬ 
thing wrong with not having differ¬ 
ent races. Except of course that if 
you don’t have different races then 
you reduce variety. But then the 
whole point of variety is that you 
can be attracted to somebody 
different from yourself, which is 
what the racialists object to. And 
of course their objection is based 
on crackpot theories which go 

more blatant than usual, even if the thought it wiser not to) was that I 

U/AmAtl UrAVtfn’t Affl/'iollx; nr - A 4 .1 1 

women weren’t officially classed as 
slaves. And you get the peculiarly 
Afrikaaner combination of randi¬ 
ness and stinking hypocrisy. 

That the Afrikaaners are attrac¬ 
ted to blacks is undeniable. Two 
and a quarter million “coloureds” 
are the living proof of that. So the 
laws which they pass are intended to 
suppress their own desires and 

The “coloureds” are in a very 
awkward position because, although 
they are an embarrassment, they 
tend to be treated rathej-.better by.. “ 

the whites than yer actual blacks. as a conquest. But a 

and understandably the blacks intend black woman a white man is 
to ensure that when they overthrow them taking « our ” women again, 
white rule it’s the blacks who take M for a black woman and a 

found some of the black women in 
the campaign very attractive. 


In this racist society it causes prob¬ 
lems if a white man is attracted to 
a black women. 

In this racist and sexist society it 
causes more problems if a white 
women is attracted to a black man. 

Similarly, in the black com¬ 
munity. with the memory of slavery 
handed down through genera] 


Once, when I was involved in the 
Campaign Against Racial Discrimi¬ 
nation (Islington Branch) I was 
accused by this black bloke of 
being a WASP (white anglo-saxon 
protestant) and a liberal. I pointed 
out that I was in fact from a white 

white woman, or a white man attrac¬ 
ted to a black man.... 


Racialists always accuse white who 
oppose racial discrimination of being 
“nigger lovers”, “coon lovers”, and 
so on. And of course in some cases 
it’s true. I’ve known people of a 
different colour from myself who 
I couldn’t stand. Equally I’ve known 
people the same colour as myself 
who I liked, and people different 
from myself who I liked. 

As an anarchist who wants the 
working class to unite and overthrow 
the present form of society I have a 
very strong political reason for being 
friends with people of a different 
race from myself. But there can also 
be another reason—because I like 

In any case you can’t really 
separate “politics” and personal 
feelings. Tire basis of our anarchist 
and libertarian communist politics is 
friendship, love, solidarity. We 
shouldn’t be afraid to admit the pos¬ 
sibility of being attracted to each 

Bread & Roses July 1978 



during track diversions. We hope you will not have to go more 
than a mile to avoid crossing the line. 

Please stand well clear when you hear the whistle. 


Punk Off 

by daddy cool 

We didn’t think they’d come. 

We’d heard it was to be today. 

They didn’t know how we’d react. 

We didn’t know how we’d react. 

But they’d heard we’d have barricades. 

So they sent 7 or 8 of their biggest toughs. 

They loitered outside waiting for the appointed hour 
For us to com^clean. 

We left the door opeii. 

And we carried on with bated breath 

And made some cups of tea and sat down to drink it in the living room. 

They walked in uninvited 
We sat 
They stood 

The intimidation began 
They threw the armchair against the wall 
With my cat in it. 

They expected me to react. I didn’t. 

I picked her up and sat down again. 

Sarcastic remarks about the room. 

That didn’t work either 

The embarrassment of the situation must have crept through their foot-thick skins 
a tiny bit. 

It’s our home. 

No it’s not. They couldn’t stand the waiting any more. 

They grabbed Dave’s arms and legs and threw him out of the front door and down the steps. 
My turn next. Less big and not male 

My shoulders were grabbed and they shoved me out like a bod tooth extracted from 
its decaying hole. The cat disappeared terrified. 

Who’s next. 

Jane wasn’t in. It was Julie’s turn next. 

She was asleep in her cot upstairs in my room. 

The ‘nice’ ‘friendly’ councillor was there to deal with this one. “Now dear go and 
g et her—you don’t want her taken into care.” 

I refused. 

He had to go for her. 

She came out screaming in his arms. 

The door was padlocked with all our things inside except the pram. 

They had finished. 

We were evicted. 

[The trouble with punk rockers is 
that it’s impossible to insult them. 

If you say their “music” is painful 
on the ears they take it as a com¬ 

I started to wear this “Rock 
Against Racism” badge to my build¬ 
ing site because I thought it one way 
of opposing some of the mindless 
prejudice I’d heard expressed there. 

But when people looked at the 
badge and said “you must be a punk 
” I nearly took the thing off 

HEDGES never used to be the 
scruffy bushes dotted along the 
tarmacced roads with dotted 
lines down the middle. Perhaps 
they won’t stay this way much 

Mainly put in to keep ani¬ 
mals in or out of a field, hedges 
have been important in keeping 
the land fertile. 

Winds are slowed, often 
crops get on better with a little 
shading, but most importantly 
to us city people is the land¬ 
scape they make. 



I’m against racism all right. I 
think it divides the working class. 
Even working class racialists who 
talk like rebels against society are 
really just stupid tools in the bosses’ 

And I’m a rocker all right—but 

ink. I’m a real rocker. I was 
in my ted outfit to Bill 
he first played “Rock 

Fences are used to make a 
quick barrier, but, also in these 
days of cheap barbed wire, 
seem to be the permanent ans¬ 
wer for profit-hungry farmers 
(a hedge does take up land). 

Our hedges today just get 
butchered once a year—-if they 
are lucky. A blunt ripping cut¬ 
ter on a tractor nips along the 
field edge and strips it down 
like a swarm of locusts. It never 
used to be this way. . . . 


.... and in some places it still 

As you get further from Lon¬ 
don, and the other big cities, 
workmen are still skilled in 
laying their hedges and spend 
much time before summer gets 
under way. 

Large stakes are cut and 
knocked into the ground at 

intervals of about 60cm. They 
then take the smaller growth 
and weave it in and out of the 
stakes. Larger bits of hedge, if 
it’s been neglected some years, 
a nick in the base of the branch 
will enable it to be laid over. 

We end up with a slanting bit 
of large basketwork. It is a 
strong fence and quite elegant. 
Each dead patch of hedge is 
automatically lost in a fresh 

Most farmers wouW rather 
spend on barbed wire than 
skilled workers, but that’s ‘‘agri¬ 
business’’. Close down one to 
two universities or government 
ministries where thousands of 
people are wasted and the re¬ 
maining skilled workers could 
train-up an army of useful 
people. I’d love to throw up 
my job for the work. 

magic memories 

It’s my honest opinion that there 
has been nothing since 1960 to com¬ 
pare with the genuine original rock 
n’ roll. 

Little Richard — now there was a 
rocker. And Fats Domino and Gene 
Vincent on stage singing Bebopalula 
slower than he does on the record 
because he’s pissed but it still sounds 
great. And Elvis, the way he was in 
the early days before the US Army 
and beach buggy movies and middle 
aged spread. And Chuck Berry, and 
the Platters, and Buddy Holly, and 
(Jerry Lee Lewis. . .. 

“Pu nk” rock just isn’t in the same 

league. I’ve got notmng against u» 
kids, if they want to wear safety pins 
through their ears and blow their 
noses on their sleeves that’s their 
business. But let’s face it, which of 
the “tunes” that are around today 
are they going to be able to remem¬ 
ber ilftwenty years time and say 
“that was really something”? I feel 
sorry for them. I really do. There s 
no magic in their rebellion. 

Anybody want to join me in 
forming a ‘Teds Rock Against 
Racism’? That way I won’t get 
called a punk orcker when I wear a 
badge that’s for rock n’ roll and 
against racism. 


This is the first of a series of articles on the disappearing or threatened 
bits of our countryside. In 1978 there is a lot of oil to waste and 
people who love the land, or work on it even, cannot create the rural 
life they would like , but when, as must happen, the natural resources 
of the world haVeall been squandered, plants will still grow, animals 
will still live—including some humans. 

Or maybe sooner? 

Any articles written for this series will be gratefully received by the 

the anti¬ 

tn H °* 

*» “nl av °'<i 




In May 1977 the Evening Standard 
publicised a State Department mov<! Eisenhower which concluded 
to sterilise a quarter of all Third * u ~ 

World women. “In part to protect 
the interests of American business 
interests”. Its report says: 

“If the population explosion 
proceeds unchecked, said Dr 
Ravenholt [director of the US 
Office of Population], it will 
cause such terrible economic 
conditions abroad that revolu¬ 
tions will ensue. And revolu¬ 
tions, he suggested, ate scarcely 

that a rise in the birthrate in the 
poorer nations would create in¬ 
stability and endanger US access 
to important resources. 

That same year the Population 
Council was created with Rocker- 
feller mqpey. Its purpose was and 
is to reduce the birthrate every¬ 
where except in the US, Western 
Europe, and a handful of similarly 
enlightened spots. 

The complex web of inter- 

dollar a year US population 

And Susan George in How the Other 
Half Dies writes: 

“It seems fantastically easy to get 
money for birth-control studies 
and programmes in Asia whereas 
research geared to more equitable 
distribution of food. .. and the 
like must go begging.” (p. 54)- 
quote supplied by Women for 

tions. he suggested, ate scarcely . 

ever beneficial to the interests of connections exists between the 
the United States.” b.rth control zealots and bankers 

in the Population Council and the 
The background is as follows. Agency for International Develop- 

“In 1952 David Rockerfeller ment (AID) at the State Depart- 
compiled a report for President ment, which runs the 143 million^ 




Wg. w£UC0(*£ tfinSAS ON 
TH6 SoftdCCf FftoM 


Plan your family! 

' Q 


People are horrified at this blatant 
imperialism without realising that 
exactly the same mentality is at 
work directed against the people of 
industrialised nations. In the US in 
1970 the Planned Parenthood World 
Population organisation published 
proposed schedule of anti-children 
measures such as: 

“Reduce/eliminate paid maternity 
leave or benefits 
Reduce/eliminate children’s or 
family allowances 
Pensions for women of 45 with 
less than N children 
Compulsory abortion of out-of- 
wedlock pregnancies 
Compulsory sterilization of all 
who have 2 children except for a 
few who would be allowed 3 
Stock certificate-type permits for 

Payments to encourage steriliza¬ 
tion, contraception and abortion 
Improve maternal health care, 
with family planning as a core 

(information from Feminist 
Women’s Health Centre, Los 
Angeles, cited in Power of Women 
no. 5) 

The International Planned Parent¬ 
hood Federation (with which FPA 
is affiliated) has its offices in Lon¬ 
don, and we also have among us 
Population Countdown, Population 
Concern, and the Birth Control Cam¬ 
paign. Prince Philip Ifts complained 
about people being subsidised to 
breed, by means of tax allowances. 

the price of people 

[ Population Concern recently figured 
j in an exchange in the Guardian in 
which various correspondents 
| weighed up the demographic pros- 
I pects and compared the cost to 



_IRQ 167 UOO^f 

.icir former overcrowded levels (due 
to overpopulation!) and there are 
more unemployed teachers (due to 
overpopulation): and cutting down 

“society” of having to maintain 
children and old people respectively. 

Erie McGraw revealed that the costs 

an^for^oimg people 07.000. on housing so that there are more 

Tobv Jessel maintained, on the other homeless people (due to over P^, 
° b ? S ~ cost m ore to sup- lation) and more unemployed build 
hand, that the old cost more 10 sup ^ Mllft tn nver DODulation 

port per head than children . 

Unfortunately no-one spoke up 
in favour of the value of human life 
at any age: it was all a matter ot 
money. Their approach implied that 
we live in a subsistence economy 
with various age groups having to 
fight over the crumbs. But only 
among the lower classes are there 
shortages: redistribution would dis¬ 
pel the myth. 

The rationale with which these 
people cloak their aims is that they 

lauun; anu uiwiv . - 

ing workers (due to overpopulation). 


The anti-people campaigners have 
various motives', the direct financial 
ones such as Rockerfeller: a fastidi¬ 
ous distaste for the noise and dirt of 
children; the need for a scapegoat for 
1 declining middle-class privileges; 
thoughtless going-along-with a fashion 
able cause that has some misleading 
left-wing connotations (birth control 

people cloak their anms i .that they = permissiveness and an ti 

want a better quality of life for those . over p 0 p U lation worries 

who survive their policies. One cor- of the ecology mov ement). 

respondent writes young people are ^ ^ pQwerful and danj 

voting for this improved quality ot 

voting for this improved quality ot effecl 0 f.their efforts 

life with theit contraceptive capacity d ' moralise , he working class: 

and will go on doing so until, but 
only until, the quality of life does 
Improve. They will do this regardless 
of taxation bribes.” The taxation 
bribes do not actually make families 
well-off compared to the childless; 
all the benefits that families get 
make only a tiny dent in their basic 
poverty. + 

As an example of the improved - 
quality of life resulting from fewer 
people, the government’s response 
to the recent fall in population here 
has included cutting down on teach¬ 
ing jobs, so that classes are kept at 

is to demoralise the working class: 
teaching the poor that poverty is all 
their fault for breeding. In a govern¬ 
ment leaflet advertising various 
means-tested benefits. “Free family 
planning” comes top of the list. 
Among 18 pamphlets on display at 
a London health centre, 7 are about 
birth control. 

Get it right: the birth controllers 
don’t want you to plan your family, 
except insofar as you’re pushed into 
limiting it to stay within a low in¬ 
come. Mainly they want to plan it. 
Reprinted from Child-Care Bulletin. 

6 Bread & Roses July 1978 

statement on 

AtfAfcCMts T 


LO^^ON K.t. 
But we do recognise (and some G f act i 0 n (after all it would be strate- 
of us know from personal experience) gi ca ii y unsound not to take this into 

workd, we say that their strategy .and some of them will get arrested, 

has been, and is, disastrously wrong, and since this is so the question 
Only people alienated from the day- comes up—what do we do about it? 
to-day class struggle, alienated from Our answer is that we cannot 
both the strengths and weaknesses devote all our time and energy, or 
^of the working class, could believe even a large part of our time and 

otherwise, and it is significant just energy, to helping them. We will 

how many come from upper-middle- take part (to some extent) in the 

class backgrounds. 

l his is riot intencIeS as tfie start of a dia~ 
logue with other revolutionary groups. 
We feel such adialogue would, quite 
literally, be a waste of time, as our 
dialogue should be with the working 
-lass, and enough time has already been 
spent on this statement aimed at people 
in or around revolutionary groups. The 
intention is simply to inform about our 
positi on. 

We have decided it is necessary to 
speak up on the subject of revolu¬ 
tionary terrorism or urban guerrilla 

We specify revolutionary terror¬ 
ism because of course the Anarchist 
Communist Association is by its 
very nature against state terrorism, 
but silence from us on the subject 
of revolutionary terrorism could be 
taken as tacit support. 


the truth of the pacifist claim that, 
apart from being unhealthy for 
those on the receiving end, violence 
has a brutalising effect on those who 
practice it. 

We recognise the truth of this — 
but we do not draw the pacifist con¬ 
clusion. Our attitude is that in some 
circumstances this brutalising effect 
is to be accepted, perhaps even 
welcomed, since if you have too 
much sympathy for the enemy he is 
going to shoot first and the better 
world you see won’t be this one. 


The ACA is not a pacifist organi¬ 
sation. In fact, that revolution will 
involve us using violence against 
those who try to stop social change 
is so basic to our politics that mem¬ 
bership of our organisation is posi¬ 
tively barred to pacifists, even if 
they agree with us about everything 
else, and be good active comrades. 


Pacifists say that any society 
achieved by means which include 
violence leads not to that mirgae 
‘non-violent revolution’ but to de- 
facto acceptance of the present 
brutal society. 

Still, though a thick skin and a 
strong stomach can be survival 
traits, where libertarian revolution 
is concerned we have to consider the 
moral rights and wrongs amongst the 
factors which decide us one way or 
the other about a particular course 

account). With a fairly thick skin 
but retaining our humanity we can 
help to bring about a revolution 
leading to a society which, though 
not perfect, within a couple of gene¬ 
rations will come to regard us who 
created it as barbarians (which we 
are—we are products of this society). 

middle class ‘ 


Of the current urban guerrilla 
groups, the PLO fights against the 
intrusion of the Israeli state in the 
affairs of the Palestinian people. 
They do not fight against the Pales- 
tinian'state'which does a similar job. 
Like comments can be directed at 
the IRA. Their causes invoke our 
sympathy but diverge from the con¬ 
tinuing class struggle. 

And so do the sporadic actions 
of the Red Army Faction. Although 
some people who support the RAF 
express sympathy for anarchism, 
this does not alter the fact that they 
ire not helping anarchist aspirations. 

While having the greatest respect 
for people’s personal courage who 
are prepared to die for a better 

campaigns on-their behalf which are 
initiated by woolly-minded roman¬ 
tics, vicarious terrorists, and liberals. 
But that is as far as it goes. The con¬ 
tinuing class struggle has to come 



our attitude 

But there WILL be people who 
believe in revolution but are alien¬ 
ated from the working class, and 
some ol them will get involved in 
disastrously wrongheaded actions, 

Though it is of course uncertain 
just how long the state will allow 
agitation to continue before it 
cracks down, and we do have to 
have some sense of urgency about 
these things, nevertheless the fact is 
that there is an enormous amount 
of work to be done before we are 
anywhere near a libertarian revolu- 
Kq/'fl tionary situation. 

■ ‘, We have to organise, spread 
propaganda by word and deed, 
agitate, set an example, and we have 
to continually assess what we and 
others are doing and change the way 
. we do things in the light of 

We have to prepare ourselves and 
the working class as a whole for 
revolution. There are no short cuts, 
r on ly blind alleys. There is a world ’ 
to win, and we cannot afford to let 
ourselves be sidetracked. 

written oct ’77 

Bread & Roses July 1978 .7 

Hard work 



how women react to 

You’ve all seen this advert, and 
chances are you’ve seen it adorned 
by graffiti saying SEXIST or THIS 
DEGRADES WOMEN. What do you 
think of it? Does it make you feel 
^embarrassed or uncomfortable or 
do you think it’s just another advert? 

Lyn Mulley asked some women 
in Graham Avenue, just off North- 
field Ave, W13, what they thought 
of it and its accompanying graffiti. 
These are some of the answers she 


Gail Gark of 5 Salisbury Road: 
“Fresh and cheap.. . cheap’s a bit 
nasty, isn’t it?” Did she agree with 
the graffiti? “It cuts both ways. 
Women have allowed themselves to 
be degraded too long—a kind of 
woman has given us all a bad name 
and it degrades all women. The 
cheap bit is very nasty." 


“It doesn’t really bother me, to 
be honest,” said Felicity Bartholo¬ 
mew of Graham Ave. “At least it’s 
obvious. The ones that get me are 
the Martini adverts that make out 
there’s a beautiful life for you if 
you drink Martini. I feel they are 
morally wrong—a lot of people 
never achieve that. The soap pow¬ 
der ads really annoy me, the ones 
that make all these fantastic claims. 

fiti? “Thev should do it il 
how they feel, ir they reel like that, 
perhaps I should too.” 

But another ‘Anon’ said of the 
graffiti: “Probably a child’s done 
that. Shouldn’t think a woman has 

* Lorry drivers stand up—you’re 
not all pigs, are you? 

“Hard work never killed any¬ 
body”—or so they say. 
Personally I don’t believe in 
taking any chances. What about 
the slaves who built the pyra¬ 
mids of Egypt? Their lives were 
worth so little that the autho¬ 
rities didn’t even bother keeping 
records of their deaths. 

The building trade has changed a 
bit since those days, for one thing 
the ruling class has discovered that 
vage slavery is more efficient than 
;he old fashioned kind. 

You often hear site agents etc 
saying “Rome wasn’t built in a day 
—but then I wasn’t foreman on 
that job”. 

When the pressure is on to get a 
job done quickly you start cutting 
comers, taking chances you wouldn’t 
otherwise take. And even the 
National Federation of Building 
Trade Employers have to admit that 
the number of workers killed in 
action is too high, and the safety 
record of the industry is terrible. 


That doesn’t mean I’m in favour of 
UNemployment. I’ve been on the 
dole, and while it’s okay for a few 
weeks after that the poverty and 
waste really start to get you down. 

From my point of view employ¬ 
ment and unemployment are the 
two sides of the same coin. 



It’s because there is such a thing 
as employment (people selling their 
ability to work to other people who 
possess the means to exploit this 
ability) that there is such a thing as 
UNemployment (people who for one 
reason or another the boses don’t 
want to “employ”). 

Employment means that some¬ 
body whose aim is to make a profit 
is taking decisions (which you have 
little or no say in) which affect your 
health and safety — and making 
them, usually, without any real 
knowledge of the actual conditions 
which you are working in, or the 
problems which you encounter. 

OF COURSE employment 
damages your health. OF COURSE 
it would be healthier for you and 
your fellow workers to take the 
decisions. That’s just plain common 


I have known for years that there is 
an alternative way of doing things, 
and that this alternative doesn’t 
exist, CAN’T exist, within the 
society we have at present. 

I reckon (and most people who 
have worked with me would con¬ 
firm this) that I’m a pretty good 
worker. I do a neat job of work as 
quickly.and efficiently as I can. 

But because I have this know¬ 
ledge that we don’t have to put up 
with this present unhealthy way of 
doing things, because I know it 


of a Work Shy 

months since I took a working' day 



Of course my employees regard me 
as an agitator, and the site agent has 
told me I’m a thorn in his side. 

And the firm is threatening to 
close the site down because they’re 
not making enough profit. (It is quite 
common for building employers to 
make threats like that. It is rare for 
them to carry it out.) 

Of course we have union meet¬ 
ings during work time. And we are 
much more critical of dodgy scaffold¬ 
ing and so on. And I spend a lot of 
time defending workers who aren’t 
as good employees as me. 

Every day there is tension and 
conflict, both with the bosses and 
with the more “moderate” workers 
(or firm’s men, as some would put 
it). This can be a drag. 

But it sure as hell beats keeping 
your head down and being a willing 


doesn’t have to be like that, I haven’t HOW TO REHABI LI TATE 
been a good employee. 

I came in late, I left early, I took 
days off, and so on. 

But now my timekeeping has 
improved, and it is over three 


As a shop steward I have to actually 
be at work. A shop steward who 

k-Since that was written, all hell has 
broken loose on the site. There have 
been threats of grievous bodily harm 
against union members, and there has 
been actual violence involving the 
writer, which led to him being 
sacked—and then reinstated after 
all the workers (only a minority of 

iy icciuiiuai sense v . , . . 

I have become a “better” employee. the “ “ * e threaten - 

v y to waUc out jf he wasn ’ t | 

takes time off is no good to his 

fellow workers, since it will mean 
that he isn’t around when some dis¬ 
pute or problem arises. 

As a shop steward I have to be 
careful not to give my employers 
any excuse for victimising me. 

So in the purely technical sense 

orange juice adverts 

Judith Barrat, WL1: “I’ve seen 
it before without ‘This degrades 
women’. I thought it was like a 
50s advertisement but I thought 
we’d gone beyond that stage. When 
1 saw someone had written ‘This 
degrades women’ I thought ‘Jolly 
good!’ I had particularly strong feel¬ 
ings about this one. There’s a board 
of censors all adverts have to pass. I 
think the only reason they got away 
with it is the 50s thing. It’s a real 
'orry drivers advertisement”* 


Mrs Catchpole, 34 Belsize Ave: 
“It’s modem and I rather like it. 
Yet, there certainly are two ways 
of looking at it, but there’s no harm 
in it. She’s like Diana Dors with her 
blond hair—I think she’s lovely.” 

Mrs Calfe, Eastborn Road, Brent¬ 
ford: “I don’t think this degrades 

women—it’s not very eye catching 
anyway. I think it’s quite flattering. 
Women’s liberation is OK in its 



Anon, of Ealing: ATve never 
really looked at it before, to be 
quite honest.” Did she think adverts 
like this should be allowed? “I 
thinjc it should be allowed; we don’t 
want any more laws than necessary 
—but I-don’t like it, it’s in poor 
taste really.” As for graffiti, “I don’t 
object as long as it’s something con¬ 
structive. I think this will help 
people to think about it. The advert 
will probably stop me from buying 
the orange juice.” 

Bread & Roses July /« 7g 

A\ s v\n\an' s 

We ail know that energy is going to 
be a big problem in this country 
f rom now on. But who is it who’s 
going to be asked to save? 

Not the motorists—a DoF spokes¬ 
man has admitted that his department 
eels “defeated” by the power of 
;r otoring pressure groups, and it was 
only with difficulty that the govern¬ 
ment managed recently to get new 
cu s even labelled in petrol consump¬ 

On the other hand, television , 
showed two schoolgirls receiving a 
'Save It” award for saving £12,000 
by t urning off lights in their school. 

All very well, but not when 
offered as an example to people 
struggling with rising power bills. 

Heating is among the necessities 
of life whose costs have risen faster 
than the cost of luxuries since 1970. 
And the government is considering 
“charging for energy, whereby house¬ 
hold total energy consumption over 
a norm is charged at a higher rate” 
(Watt Committee report, June 1977). 

What’s the norm—freezing point? 
2.5 children? I predict a boom in the 
sale of pullovers once the “Save It” 
campaign gets into full swing. 

Experts estimate that “If and when 
energy is retailed at an economically 
self-financing cost, further assistance 
to [the elderly, poor and ill] will 
obviously be necessary”. 

In theory, the welfare state taking 
care of everyone. In practice, more 
means tests and more cut-offs. 

As the Supplementary Benefits 
Commission itself comments (quoted 
in Socialist Worker) “. . . there will 
always be some people. . . who fail 
to manage on their weekly allow¬ 
ances. . and they or their children 
may then be found some wintry day 
virtually without clothes, food, or 
fuel. . .” 


In the matter of safety, too. cars get 
priority. ’Keep the under-fives in¬ 
doors”. the television advert admon¬ 
ishes us. with a horrifying sketch 
plainly placing the blameon a 
mother who has stopped to chat 
with a neighbour instead of keep 

People Lie 
own Under 



In the third part of the serial Ken- 
Collaborators. Many British people neth More s role in the resistance 
v ould eventually have come to ■ explained to him. He is to give 
<: ms with Nazi Germany had this tne signal on television tor the great 
country been over-run. patriotic uprising to start. Code 

That was part of the message of phrase- 

“Batons strike home”. 

the three-part serial “An English- 
a V; Castle” shown on BBC2 in 
une A serial set in the present 

Isla Blair explains that when he 
gives the signal there will be a 
general strike, the electricity work- 

hu a 1978 in which Germany had e« will seize the power stations, 

iiccessfully invaded us in 1940. 

[ And presumably neither Russia „ 
nor America had entered the war.i 
The British police would have 
been just as ready to enforce Nazi 

'law and order” as any other kind, workers. 

ihe miners take over the mines. 
“And what about the rest of us?” 
aske More. She replies that “the 
rest of us” just have to grab what¬ 
ever weapons we can and help the 

the street. 

“I can't work, I have to take 
my daughter to college every 
morning. ” 

When I was 5 I went to school 
by myself — everyone did; it wasn’t 
ing a constant lookout for children 
going near the road. Or the earlier 

'This was proved in the Channel 
Islands which were over-run: the 
British police did collaborate.) 


all the action of this 
series took place in the hot- 
atmosphere of producing a 
series called “An Englishman’s 
Written from experience 
you might say. 

Kenneth More played the pro¬ 
ducer-good war record up to 
1940. fought with the resistance 
until 1947, then when Churchill 
was killed and the Germans de- 

, , _i_u-,,, 

under a car”. 

And we just take it for granted 
that when shopping we’ll have to 
push the pram a block or two out 
a sign ot parental neglect. 

But when my own oldest child clared a general amnesty he handed 
was 5 we had to mount a campaign in his cricket bat, said to the Ger- 
for a cjossing after one of his class- mans “Well done chaps, you won 
aud we lost, only a pme, w^aT. 

and went into television. 

Isla Blair played his much 
younger and secretly Jewish girl 
friend who first gets him in the new 
resistance. This resistance is much 
more serious than the little anti- 
German terrorist group which none 
too successfully bombs the fashion¬ 
able restaurant where the two lovers 

This was the only time that we 
even heard of the existence of a 
working class who are presumably 
not as ready to put up with the 
Nazis as the people the hero knows. 

(whatever happened to 


The picture which is presented is 
a strange one. People are well off, 
can afford to eat at expensive 
restaurants, and they don’t talk 
about what happened to the Jews. 

The terrorist groups are simply 
anti-German. They aren’t actually 
KOR anything positive. Unlike 
what actually happened in France, 
Italy, Yugoslavia, and so on, there 
isn’t a “left wing” resistance. The 
real resistance which More joins is 
simply more effectively anti- 

Could it have happe ned like 
this? The answer has to be’ “No”. 

There can be, and in many parts 
of the world today is, a purely 
nationalistic resistance to colonial¬ 

But there can’t be a purely 
nationalistic resistance to Nazi-ism. 
The only resistance which makes 
sense is one based on the class 


ftt Utilise S 

oxygen machine in Tokyo 

when starting home alone. And of 
course some people blamed the 

Nowadays you have to ask your¬ 
self at what age a child’s need and 
capacity for independence can be 
allowed to overcome the perpetual 
terror of cars. 

Lower-income people don’t get the 
benefit of cars —but they do get 
more of the danger. Working-class 
children are 5 times as likely to be 
killed on the roads as professional- 
class children. 

So cars aren’t just an environ¬ 
mental issue, but also a class issue. 
We live in peril from them, and pay 
crippling fuel bills, or live in the 
cold and dark, to subsidise their 
consumption of energy. 

And the motoring lobbies, car 
manufacturers and oil companies 
have a vested interest in seeing that 
we go on doing so. 

Bread & Roses July 1978 9 



getting clear 

letting Gear: Body work for 
vomen by Anne Kent Rush. Wild- 
vood House, 29 King Street, Lon- 
Ion WC2E8JD. £3.95 
rhis is a very expensive book but 
/ery helpful. What it is, is relaxation 
:xercises plus some verbal psycho- 
' ogical exercises such as having an 
maginary conversation with some¬ 
one in your life. 

As the subtitle indicates, the 
physical exercises are more import¬ 
ant. I found they did more for my 
(state of “mind” than 10 years of 
mostly and degrading chit-chat with 
ssychotherapists. So maybe the 
oook isn’t so expensive. 

Mind you, there are people 
making money out of bodywork 
.oo, and even though some of the 
relpful things in this book are 
derived from the trendy quack 
■‘disciplines” (a quack being a quack 
jvhom the state refuses to define as, 
i medical practitioner) that wouldn’l 
ncline me to start combing the 
small ad columns of Time Out in 
search of the best one to give my 

tod. etc, let The nobelcome from 

. b - jzxffxszsr 

h S= . performance, ****** f« £ » k ' ° f toUh " 

bn, once yon yonll frnd if, ^ 

>je r 


w ^ s£e 

STdP c^2 i'w- &£ cATS 
f=c*. cr\y (V\E£T"^ c r 


rip off 

I have a friend who tried an 

Encounter group, paying them 12 
aer session, and after a while they 
iold him he was coming on very well 
and could now have the honour of 
taking a moi^dvance^ours^^^ 

£6 per session. . 

The do-it-yourself approach is 
J>est both for your purse and for 
your self-respect. 

You have to be alone to do tne 
exercises (except for a few which 
are specifically done with other 
Leople), so if you are in crowded 
housing and/or have young child¬ 
ren it will take some managing, 
both things are true of me and I 
manage it. You’ve got to be pre¬ 
oared to ask for help, and to take 
■Lour own mental health seriously 
fenough to feel that you deserve 
the time to look after it. . -- 

There’s so much of the attitude 
that emotional problems, especially 
women’s emotional problems, are 

Freaking Out 

Sit on the floor. Decide what 
negative emotion you want to deal 
with. If you’re in a state of acute 
stress over something, you’ll have 
no trouble deciding. Otherwise 
decide what thing is nagging at you 
the most. 

So you’ve decided*, fear, rage, 
defeatedness, worry, guilt... 

! Make the sound that expresses it. 

• For example, a whimper, or a growl. 
Those are very obvious sounds, and 
you’ll find that along with them 
there are a lot of more subtle ones. 

Keep on making all the noises 
that let it out. If you feel tense in 

■ " , back of your 


Ignoring the shrill jubilant shout 

of the guy in Cell 9 who’s gettin out 

I turn on my pillow and feign I m tree 
and hope they lose the bastard s key 
It’s nearly eleven on a Saturday night 
and the guests of ‘B’ Wing start the fight 
to see who’ll be first to do me brain 
an’ slowly drive me mind insane 
The singing and shouting and goddam row 
slowly subsides without even a bow 

'Relieved 1 turn over an’try ta snooze 

but the phantom of the pipe starts tapping the blues 
The monotonous tune is always the same 
in music I don’t think it’s got a name 
Once it’s started it don’t stop till morning 
that crazy musician’s so goddam boring 
:Normy Scrubs: 21.2.78 


The big cities . 

are the sharp end in this job. 

Lots of people, lots of problems. 
You've reallY got to know yout stuff. 

There’s a job for you with the MAFIA. 
Have you ... 

* Experience with tar-and-feathering? 

* Knowledge of concrete overcoats? 

* A history of Grievous Bodily Harm 
with no convictions? 

* No quibbles about a honest living? 

* A meaty build and a love of 
heavy boots? 

then sign up today! 

Sign a contract you can’t refuse! 

Sign today! 

kind of job 
you CAN’T 

10 Bread & Roses July 1978 




Perhaps when Margaret Watson 

£ 10,000 
to kindly 

£ 10 , 000 — that’s what aninfal 
defence groups are offering to 
anyone who can show how 
circus animals can be trained 
without using cruelty. It has 
never been claimed. 


‘Notelhe strained muscles and 
of the intestines on the heart. This 
photograph, taken in England, shows 
an elephant being trained for one of 
our best known circuses. When the 
picture appeared in the press, it was 
minus the trainer and his whip and 

The Performing Animals Defence 
League obtained and published the 
whole picture, and a large number of 
people demanded that the Home Sec¬ 
retary should take action—without 

Do you think an elephant would 
stand on its head if you asked it to— 

This happens in Britain nearly 
every day. 

The circus owners state that their 
animals are only induced to do what 
they do naturally anyway. 

The fact is, there are no elephants 
in the jungle standing on their heads, 
and there never will be. 

Nor will they balance like this 
sweet words and lumps of sugar. 

The whip, the goad and the 
brutality of a human being are the 

YOU can help to stop this cruelty. 
Refuse to visit a circus that uses 
performing animals. Laws relating to 
animals are so useless that it’s not pos 
• sible to bring a prosecution. Naturally 
—laws are seldom on the side of the 
weak and helpless. Only by hitting 
circuses in the purse can we make 
them stop it. 

If you think this is being a killjoy 
to children, remember that circuses 
can offer plenty of other attractions 
besides animals—and they will, if 
economically forced to. 

The children will understand if 
you explain to them how the ani¬ 
mals are being ill-treated. After all, 
the animal was (or is) someone’s 
child too. 

etums from collecting her MBE at Buckingham 
Palace she might like to drop in and explain 

to residents of council estates like these 

what they have done to deserve the honour of living there. 

Perhaps they would also be interested to hear 

he line of deductive reasoning 

which convinced her 


Bread & Roses July 1978 11 

Best to wait if you have very 
young kids, but even the older 
primary school kids are stronger 
than most of their parents. The 
more of you going, the more 
you can take for each other: 1 
pump, 1 tent, 1 kitchen sink, 

And if you do get knackered, 
for the past year, British Rail 
will let you take your cycle free 
—so long as you pay for your- 


The first in a series suggesting how you can get away from everyday 
tedium, but not get robbed blind by all the same thieves you meet 
all year. The motor industry want'to rob us getting there; the enter¬ 
tainments industry want to rob what's left when we get there. 

that it was morally right for a socialist housing officer to accept an MBE while so many 
council tenants are still living in what are obviously inhuman conditions. 

ENJOYING cycling demands 
that you keep what you take 
with you to a minimum. The 
lighter it is the faster you can 
go. All your belongings are 
with you 50 weeks a year; leave 
most of them behind for this 

When you set off for a week 
or two, you go much further in 
a day—because you don’t need 
to come back to go to bed. So 
even a beginner can get our to 
Henley in Oxfordshire in an 
easy day. 

Beyond the town you are in 
the Chiltem Hills and there are 
mainly farms there. I didn’t 
think you’d want to carry a 
tent, and before it’s dark, find 
a bam to sleep in. Best to keep 
away from the farm buildings, 
then no-one need know—or be 
asked permission. Come back 
at night; but save the searching 
at night. 

You’re now getting well to¬ 
wards the open downland of 
central Southern England. It’s 
scarred by a few motorways, 
but just curse them and pre- 
tend'some kid has lost a Scalec- 

trix kit. 

Much more open than the 
wooded Chiltems, the Lam- 
bourn Downs are beyond the 
reach of most of the commuter 
Londoners and real rural com¬ 
munities survive. 

How far you want to go I 
don’t know, but I’ve spent a 
night right in the middle of 
Lamboum. Still with an eye 
to keeping luggage down, do 
you really need a heavy sleep¬ 
ing bag? With two of you, you 
can keep each other warm. 

You only get flat country in 
places like East Anglia. Easy 
cycling, but not so interesting 
as the .area around, say, Og- 
boume St George, Wilts, or the 
River Lamboum cutting 
through the chalk, and as clear 
as tap water. 

Another day can get you to 
the Cotswolds, or the Men dip 
Hills—you choose. Then it’s 
time to rurn about on a week 
trip, or you’re half-way out for 
a fortnight. 

British Rail would have wanted 
£s to go that far with you and 
you’d have seen nothing. A car 
might have cost less—even inclu¬ 
ding extras—but how much 
would you see then? 

Food you have to buy any¬ 
way and no doubt you’ll eat 
less on this trip. You could drink 
yourself stupid, but you can do 
that anyway, even at work. But 
all you need to buy are a few % 
inch maps and maybe a few 
cycle parts. 

Cooking stuff is an optional 
extra, but you might Find, like 
me, that you don’t want to 

in buenos aires 

I’m not much of a football fan. In 
fact to tell the truth the games bores 
me stiff. 

But even those of us who don’t 
know an offside from a kick up the 
backside can hardly avoid being 
aware of the world cup. 

My first experience of this ob¬ 
noxious competition was in that 
awful year of 1966.1 was staying 
in Danny Finnegan’s boarding house 
just off the Caledonian Road, Isling¬ 
ton, within walking distance of 
Kings Cross station. 

All of us in that house were male, 
.mostly building workers and a few 
unemployed, about thirty of us in 
all, the majority Irish and most of 
the rest Scottish. 

We all watched the final of that 
world cup on the telly — England 
versus West Germany. 

The Irish blokes, displaying more 
generosity than wisdom, wanted 
England to win, while we Scots, 
correctly foreseeing that this would 
only make the buggers even more 
insufferable than usual, cheered 
West Germany. 

Well of course England did win, 
or at least so the referee said, al¬ 
though a lot of people less biased 
than me said the winning “goal” 
never crossed the line. 

The resulting smugness of the 
English was a major factor (though 
one which is usually overlooked) 
in the advance of Scottish national¬ 


This year of 1978 I took an interest 
in the world cup because Scotland 
had qualified and England hadn’t. 

The actual football I couldn’t 
care less about. 

But the telly pictures of tens of 
thousands of Scots clad in a multi¬ 
tude of tartans, and the irresistable 
siren skirl of the bagpipes, and the 
Lion Rampant fluttering in the 
breeze, had me jumping to my feet 

with a glass of whisky and a can of 
McEwan’s Export in one hand 
(which is a good trick if you can 
do it) and waving my claymore in 
the other, saying “Here’s Tae Us! 
Wha’s like us? Damn few, and they’ 
a’ deid!” 

And when it had the effect on an 

encouraged friendship between 

That always looked a dubious 
proposition, and looks even more so 
as time goes by. 

It is only a few years since actual 
war, with thousands killed and thous¬ 
ands more made homeless, broke 

anarchist who believes in intemation- ou ; between tw0 neighbouring Cen- 

alism and isn’t even interested in 
football, you can imagine the effect 
on the real fans. 

Ally MacLeod shared and encour¬ 
aged the belief that nothing on 
earth could stop us. If I was him, I 
would now emigrate to some land 
where neither football nor Scotland 
had been heard of. 

The same goes for poor Willy 
Johnstone of pep pills fame. 

tral American countries over a foot¬ 
ball game. Talk about football 


The financial side of the world 
cup is very bug business indeed, and 
the political side even bigger. 

The vicious millitary dictatorship 
of Argentina, trying to keep the 
Argentinian working class from 
rebelling, is pursuing a policy of 
bread and circuses. 

Well actually the people don’t 
even have much bread. But they’ve 
got the biggest circus in the world. 
No expense spared on the world cup. 
And yet even if they do win the 
There used to be a pretence that ( world cup on their home ground, 
international sporting competitions ! after the booze-up and the hangover. 

what difference is it going to make 
to the ordinary Argentinian worker? 


As for Scotland, well as the Sunday 
Times put it “in the land without 
political heroes, the football man¬ 
ager is king”. 

Make no mistake about it, Ally 
MacLeod was a Scottish Nationalist 
hero because the SNP is a national¬ 
ism without a fuehrer. 

None of them Nationalist MPs is 
in the same league as John Mac Lean, 
for instance. 

Now Ally has been deposed. And 
yet, what if he had won? Glasgow 
would still have had the worst 
housing in Europe, high unemploy¬ 
ment, the mass of people living lives 
of quiet, or relatively quiet, 


For the ordinary people of Argen¬ 
tina, or Scotland, or any of the other 
countries concerned, it really makes 
very little difference who wins the 
world cup. After the celebrations 
the hangovers, life has to go on. 

It’s been said before, but it’s 
worth.repeating.— Workers of the^- 
world unite! You have nothing to 
lose but your chains! 

And I’m not just saying that 
because Peru beat us 3-1 , and we 
only managed to draw with Iran 
because they kicked the ball into 
their own net. 

Angus MacDonald 


Anyway, what is this world cup 
business all about? 


dracula doesn't 

it is remarkably efficient. 

In the states people sell 
blood. And the people who 
are most likely to sell it are 
the most desperate - junkies 
crying out for a fix, alcoholics 
on Skid Row. 

They frequently sell more 
of it than they can afford to 
lose, and become more ill 
themselves in the process. 

And the proportion of bad 
transfusions which give rise 
to complications is far higher 
than in this country. 

So give blood, and remember 
that in doing so you are helping 
the cause of libertarian 

And if we can do it for some¬ 
thing as precious and individual 
as blood, we can do it for 
everything else. 

, n Wl'Z*0 

Sometimes people say about 
our ideas “Oh, it sounds 
beautiful all right, but it’s 
against human nature, it 
wouldn’t work”. 

The fact is that in the very 
few cases where it has been 
•tried, it does work. 

, One example is the Blood 
[Transfusion Service. 

In Britain this is run on 
anarchist communist lines, 
or at least on the nearest 
thing to them that is possible 
in this society. 

, From each according to 
jtheir ability to each according 
(to their need, and it’s all 

I entirely voluntary. 
j Compared with, for instance, 
blood transfusion in the USA, 
which is run on capitalist lines, 

The ‘leadership’ of the trade union movement (that is to say, 
the top officials on their top salaries with their perks and 
profitable sidelines) have accepted Phase 4 of the wage freeze, 
just as they’ll probably accept Phase 99. Don’t be fooled by 
their pretence of bickering over the details. 

..Wfiv the working class, are being told to be content with a 
further lowering of living standards at a time When lord BoyleV 
I Top Salaries Review Body is advising the government to give 

j rises of up to one hundred and two per cent for heads of 

nationalised industries, senior civfl servants, generals, air mar¬ 
shals, and judges. 

The reason the TUC chiefs are prepared to accept this kind of 
thing is quite simple—although they draw their authority from 
“representing” the working class, in reality they belong to the 
ruling class, just like these other bureaucrats. 

It’s not that are “had” It’s 

just that their class interests 
are different from ordinary 
people’s. And it’ll be like that 

until all union officials have to 
stand for election, with a time 
limit on how long any indivi¬ 
dual is allowed to do the job, 
and with the membership 
being able to recall those they 
elect at any time— and with 
the official being paid the 
same as the lowest paid mem¬ 
bers of their union! That 
would really give them an in¬ 
centive to do something about 
low wages! 

continued page 1 

Class System Is Killing You 

R ;cgnt Government statistics show that the age-old notion that 
pi iliticians, tycoons and company directors are particularly 
p one to heart attacks, bronchitis, lung cancer, etc. is a myth. 

In fact it has been found that 
P< ople such as barristers, doctors, 
ir d prime ministers, tend to live 
holthier and longer lives than the 
e >t of us. The worst-off are the 
fa :tory and building workers, es- 
p< dally those on incentive schemes. 

In America a study was carried 
oilt on personnel at all levels, 
enployed by the Bell Telephone 
C impany. General Motors and the 
D i Pont chemical giant. This study 
p oved that executives are much 
!e s likely to have heart-attacks 
tl an shop-floor workers. 

A survey which compared 
the death-rates between social 
classes showed that Social 
Class 1 Icompany directors) is 
23% better-off than the aver¬ 
age for everyone, while Social 
Class 5 (unskilled manual 
workers) is 37% worse-off 
than the same average. For 
respiratory diseases the death- 
rate in Class 5 is now five 
times greater than in Class 1. 

We have all seen the safety posters 
saying that accidents are caused by 
careless workers. This is a blatant 
lie put out by management, and 
official statistics help nail this lie. 
Factory Inspectorate analysis in 
1975 found that 81% of factory 
deaths were caused by management 
failing to ensure "reasonably prac¬ 
ticable precautions". A special 
survey of deaths on construction 
sites show 68% to 80% are simi¬ 
larly caused by building firms 
putting profits before safety. 

-see back page 

2 Bread and Roses September 1978 



With the signing of the agreement on human rights at Helsinki, 
there were set up a number of monitoring groups in the USSR. 

Recently, members of the Ukrainian monitoring group have 
been on trial charged with “anti-Soviet” activity - the current 
term for opposition to the Stalinist policies of the Brezhnev 

The fust trial was that of NIKOLAI RUDENKO (head of the 
Ukrainian monitoring group and a member of the Soviet group 
of Amnesty International) and ALEXI TIKHY (a member of 
the monitoring group) which was held in the town of Druzhkovka 
in the summer of 1977. 

Criminal Code 

Rudenko was charged under Article 
62 of the Ukrainian Criminal Code 
which deals with anti-Soviet agita¬ 
tion and propaganda. 

Spied on in hospital 

A. RUSAKOVSKAYA stated that 
during his stay at the hospital 
where she worked Rudenko had 
listened to Western radio broadcasts. 

In a 2-hour speech the prosecutor 
described the defendants as “oppo¬ 
nents of socialism, helpers and 
agents of hostile states, outcasts 
and traitors to the Motherland who 
had actively engaged in anti-Soviet 

There followed speeches by the 
court-appointed defence lawyers 
in which they described their 
clients as guilty. 

Not guilty 

In his final speech Tikhy stated: 

“I consider there was no criminal 
activity of any kind. No guilt 
in the form of direct subversive 
intent by me. has been found. 

I do not regard myself as guilty 
on any of the charges.” 

Rudenko said: “I have committed 
no crime against the Soviet 
regime. All my activity has been 
directed against bureaucratic 
distortions. My whole civic attitude 
was directed at their removal not 
at the overthrow of the Soviet 

“I have committed no crime against the Soviet regime. 
All my activity has been directed against bureaucratic 
distortions. My whole civic attitude was directed at 
their removal not at the overthrow of the Soviet regime. 
I do not regard myself as guilty on any of thecharges.” 

- Nikolai Rudenko, under a sentence which 
in view of his health and harsh prison 
conditions amounts to death. 

No pain-killers 

Tikhy was sentenced to 10 years 
in a special regime labour-camp and 
5 years in exile, Rudenko to 7 years 
in a strict regime camp and 5 years 
in exile. 

Rudenko is an invalid war veteran 
in extreme ill health. So harsh are 
the conditions in the camps that 

the sentence imposed on him is 
tantamount to a sentence of 

Knowing this, the authorities have 
tried to persuade him to recant his 
views in exchange for his freedom. 
They have even taken his sons 
to the Kiev prison to urge him 
to do so. They have also denied 
him pain-killing drugs. 

Twelve years 

The second trial was held in the 
town of Vasylkiv, south of the 
Ukrainian capital of Kiev, on 
March 30th, 1978. 

According to Andrei Sakharov, 
Matusevych was removed from 
the court room for showing 
a “lack of respect” for the 
court. Matusevych’s lawyer had 
not been given notice of the trial 
and was not in court. The 
parents of the accused, who 
had been called to testify as 
witnesses, were not allowed 
into the court room. 

Charged with anti-Soviet activity, 
the defendants were sentenced to 
a total of 12 years in labour camps 
and exile. 


As a protest against her husband’s 

arrest Matusevych’s wife resigned 
from the Komsomol. She was 
called in for questioning by the 

After years of subjugation 
under the iron heel of 
Stalinism the Soviet working 
class is beginning to stir. 

As the above trials show, 
the bureaucracy will do 
everything it can to prevent 
any organised expression of 
dissent, any action in 
defence of freedom. 


From a primary school student: 

Down with school 

School to the rubbish dump 

What’s worse than school? Answer, nothing. 

School is the worst thing in the world 

Nothing is worse than school. 

School is rubbish. 

School is silly. 

What's worse than school? Answer, nothing. 
School is the worst thing in the world 
Nothing is worse than school. 


What are schools really for? 
Partly to teach obedience and 

But also to stream people 
into the hierarchy of order- 
givers and order-takers; 

"unskilled ", "skilled”, 
"professional", etc. 

So that when you feel like 
complaining about low 
wages, degrading treatment 
and boring work, underneath 
little voice will say - "You 
deserve it because you're 
not as good as the middle 

Schools deliberately crush 
your creativity and initiative 
to prepare you for life in a 
society which denies you 

Don't learn its lesson! 

From a secondary school student: 

I think school hours should be 
shortened because we have too 
many free lessons anyway, and 
this mostly happens because 
teachers seem to be away quite 
a lot, so because of these we 
just sit in the school classrooms 
doing no work, so I think that 
we would be able to just go 
home where we could prob¬ 
ably find something much 
better to do. 

Also I think that we should 
be able to wear anything to 
school instead of having to 
wear school uniform and 
even if they do want schools 
to look different from other 
schools, I don't thinkit 
should have anything to « 
do with school uniforms. 

School uniforms are one of 
the five educational afflictions 
that the National Union of 
School Students wants to get 
rid of. The others are: 
corporal punishment 
secret reports 
petty rules. 

If any readers are interested, 
their address is 
3 Endsleigh Street 
London WC1H0DU 
01-387 1277 ext. 4. 

Oh, Lord’. 

In Whose great wisdom-we here this day do live, 

Grant that we may enjoy our poverty. 

That we may love Thy gentle rain 
which gets us sodden through on our weary way home. 
That in Thy infinite wisdom we shall bask, 
and bless Thy works through Thy humble servants 
in Westminster who express Thy will 
in ripping us off for nuclear armaments, British 
and Thy great and glorious Civil Service. 

And Lord, we beseech Thee, that this month, 
we may continue in mindless slavery to 
Thy ruling class on earth. 

But not for ever and ever, 



of theRmonth 



Leyland ^ 

Bread and Roses September 1978 3 

Holidays for next to nothing 

State Scroungers 

The Social Security has swindled claimant of course. 

Another in a series suggesting how you can get away from everyday 
tedium, but not get robbed blind by all the same thieves you meet 
all year. The motor industry want'to rob us getting there; the enter¬ 
tainments industry want to rob what’s left when we get there. 

Hare you had a holiday you could write of for this series? 


The National Trust have bought up most of the coastal . 
strip of Cornwall. 

- A huge path for us to enjoy. 

CORNWALL is far away from 
most of the rest of the country 
it costs to get there, but once 
there and prepared to walk 
you’ll find terrific views and 
plenty of quiet places to be 
lazy or take a swim. 

The obvious attraction is the southern tip where it’s quiet, 
coastline. Most of the seaside 
and clifftops has been bought 

a village, you don’t need to 
J carry too much food with 
you. Between Helston and 
Penzance there’s a lot of 
flat and road-encroached sea¬ 
side, but otherwise it’s very 
quiet. I’ll concentrate on the 

Why not nip over to Helston, 
here?It’s not all commerical, 
but it is quite unique. 

Also it has one of the few- 
nationally-of “home brew” 
pubs. Taste what was the rule 
to great-grandfather. 


Going North from Land’s End, 
way west of Panzance, the coast 
is littered with closed tin mines. 
But not the squalor of the pit 
heaps; the filth of oil terminals. 

claimants out of £300m. Nearly 
one million people did not rec¬ 
eive benefit to which they were 

These figures were published last 
month in a report by the Supple¬ 
mentary Benefits Commission. The 
report stated that only 75% of entit¬ 
led benefit was claimed. 

However if you earn over £5,000 a 

year, don’t let your conscience trouble business is not worth while.” 
you, for the Commission repprt as- WAITING 
sures us that over 25% of those people A , . . . . . .... 

are not totally destitute. They ™y *” y cl r’ ant "“if ® ve a dl [ fe " ; " t 

story. They would mention the long 

The Chairman of the commission, 
David Donaldson, said that people 
did not get their money because of 
a “mixture of pride, ignorance, a 
sense of stigma, a reluctance to 
make the effort that a claim calls 
for, a desire for self-sufficeincy on 
the part of an individual family, 
unwillingness to become involved 
with a government agency and a 
general feeling that the whole 

Stone wall Cornish style 

by the National Trust so a foot- and owned b y some rich Swiss, 
path takes you right around the M T,l boggIes ' 
coast. J - , -“ OTi 


Well, it’s all good, the thou¬ 
sands of tourists pack only 
a few resorts. Never far from 

A bus out of Helston drops 
you near the village of Cadwith. 

A steep road goes down to the 
harbour. A chance to get some 
food and then off along ciie 

A few miles to the Lizard, the 
sunnier it is. the more enjoyable. 

And it reaches a peak of delight 
near Mullion. A quick dip here 

in Polurrian or Poldhu Coves is Derelict Cornish tin mine building 

a possibility. A bit further, and 

you can wallow in the fantasies . -* aye 

of smuggling in days gone by . cen t0 wor * ' n anc * lethal. 

at Gunwalloe. Then there’s the b , ut , in b la age they are part of 
sand of Loe Bar. This cuts off ~ l T he lancK ^ mmm g town of St 
what was the estuary that made bas n °thing to do with city 
Helston an important harbour saualor 
years ago. 

OWN A TOWN another glimpse of a rare bird y /> 

ow it akes you on to Porth- round every next headland. All ^ 
leven-a pleasant town not too you’ve got to do is get there. ft 
ravaged by the holiday industry. CHEAp ^ 

This series on holidays is meant^ 
to suggest ways you can get 
away from home for inexpen¬ 
sive hols. The only extra you 
need spend on here is travel to 
the south-west and-perhaps- 
extra booze. 

only be losing less than £1 or only 
a month’s benefit. 


The report goes on to say-showing 
the concern for the needy for which 
they are famous—“But it would be 
wrong to draw the opposite conclu¬ 
sion that they are living in relative 
affluence and we should cease to be 
concerned about them.” 

Bloody right! If I lost £1 out of my 
meagre £13, it is beyond doubt that 
I would no longer be living in “aff¬ 


And who is to blame for this dis¬ 
graceful state of affairs?.Why, the 

WH iitor 


waits, being forced to drag children 
back and forth between offices, the 
mountains of useless bureaucracy 
and the whole general system of deli¬ 
berately humiliating, intimidating 
and threatening claimants. 

As for “ignorance” of the moun¬ 
tain of jargonised crap they call 
‘information leaflets’ -just try ask¬ 
ing for them and see where it gets 

Mr Donaldson has a short memory. 
Only a few months ago he talked to 
representatives from Claimants Un- 

benefit was not claimed. 

claimants union 

“ squalor. ’ ^ 

Anyway there’s another good^ 
view, another scarce plant, % 

Where do you sleep? It may 
be worth carrying S tent, but 
there are dry places to sleep if 
you look. Might be cool and 
damp though, so take a mat 
and sleeping bag. 



meoNvemutte., pai n 



Anarchist Ex-Servicemen’s League 




Well, it may sound daft, but 
there are in fact more anarchist 
ex-servicemen around than you 
might suppose. 

There’s A1 who was ope of 
Monty’s desert rats. > 
Myself, I was in Aden, defend¬ 
ing the Empire, shortly before 
‘Aden became the so-called 
People’s Republic of South 

More recently we’ve had recruits 
to the movement who’ve seen 
active service in Northern Ire¬ 


The usual response of military 
men to anti-militarist propo- 
ganda is “you don’t know what 
you’re talking about.” 

Well if we were to get together 
and put forward an alternative 
to both militarism and pacifism, 
they wouldn’t be able to say 
that about us, would they? 

Any other veterans interested in 
putting such an alternative to 
our brothers and sisters in uni¬ 

for their claim-and it really is a fight. 
However, several SSoffices had banned 
then from handing out information 
in the office. In other cases, the 
clerks refused to deal with a claim¬ 
ant who had anything to do with 
the Claimants Union people. 

In NO cases known to the C.U. 
members have the Social Security 
staff made an effort to inform people 
of their full entitlement. In many 
cases the clerks were themselves ig¬ 
norant of what a claimant was due. 
The sanctimonious tone of this re¬ 
port is a piece of prime hypocrisy. 

It would be more honest to print 
the unwritten rules of the whole soc¬ 
ial security system—“Keep’em scared, 
keep ’em humble and keep ’em ignor¬ 

4 Bread and Roses September 1978 



“Arrange to have your baby 
adopted as soon as possible... 
you must try to see it not as 
giving her away but as giving 
her the chance of a good 
life...because you have so 
much love and tenderness to 
give, you will surely meet a 
man who values you and 
loves you, too. And you 
will have other children 
whom you will adore.” 

That’s Maije Proops’s advice 
to an unmarried mother. She 
wrote it shortly before begin¬ 
ning a series on women’s 
liberation called “Have 
Women Won?” 

Well, women haven’t won 
very much if they still have to 
get married to have a baby, 
without being given cruel 
and patronising advice like 

I wonder if Proops would give 
the same advice to a divorced 
mother or a widow? 


In May of this year a private school 
changed its mind about accepting a 
4-year-old girl, after learning that 
she was illegitimate. 

The Sex Discrimination Act con¬ 
tains a virtual invitation to employ¬ 
ers to go on discriminating against 
unmarried mothers. 

The telly thinks that “Miss Jones 
and Son” is a titillating name for a 
comedy series about a single 
mother - but it’s not so funny when 
a real Miss Jones loses her job as a 
headmistress because she’s pregnant 
by a married man. 


What is illegitimacy anyway? Is it 
about sex? about star-crossed 
lovers? about psychology? about 
concern, or lack of concern, for 

'B&s YaM 

Rubbish. There’s nothing romantic 
about it, despite the fact that the 
library shelves would suddenly 
become very gap-toothed indeed 
if you removed all the novels whose 
plot hinges on some character’s 
secret illegitimacy. 

Illegitimacy is simply about money. 
Men’s money, property, land and 
power. It was so that men could 
know which children were to 
inherit their wealth that women 
had to be tied to marriage, 
chastity, the stoning of adulterers 
and all the rest of it, thus guaran¬ 
teeing that the children could only 
be one particular man’s. 

Even among poor people with 
nothing to bequeath, mothers 
are supposed to be mere depen¬ 
dents and so it’s necessary for 
the male breadwinner to be sure 
that the woman is the mother of 
his children. 

People who want to deny women 
the right to bring up children 
independently often point out, as 
did Maije Proops, the hardships 
faced by one-parent families. 

But these hardships exist because 
of the stigma, because those who 
run the economy assume that 
women don’t need or deserve 
breadwinner wages. 

They’ll also point to psychological 
hardships, claiming that without 
two parents a child must be 
unhappy. Well of course, if you 
impose a stigma, plus the strains 
of poverty, on children and their 
mothers, it won’t help much. It’s 
two-faced to say to women “Don’t 
have children outside of marriage, 
because of all the hardships that 

people like me are going to create 
for them.” 

not so bad at that 

In fact, despite the hardships, many 
women find that life with a child is 
easier when you don’t have a man 
standing over you. 

Even the Sunday Times recognises 
that many single-parent families 
nowadays exist “by choice of 
lifestyle”. According to a Common 
Market report early this year, 
Britain’s illegitimacy rate is now 
90 per 1,000 births, the highest 
in the EEC. 

But the establishment’s response 
to these changing attitudes is 
simply to go on urging abortion, 
birth control or adoption to 
prevent single women having and 
keeping children. 

Those who support adoption on 
the one hand, and those who 
support abortion on the other 
hand, each say that their way is 
more humane. I agree that 
abortion is less cruel than adoption, 
because a mother who gives up her 
baby suffers more than an unborn 
child who unknowingly loses its 
life. But they’re both sides of the 
same coin: the idea that single 
women mustn’t be mothers. 


There are some rays of hope here 
and there. 

The judge in the Jennifer Davis case 
(the battered common-law wife who 
won the right to eject the man from 
the home temporarily) recognised 
the existence of the “unmarried 
housewife”. And the courts have 
upheld an unmarried mother’s 
right to stay in the home owned 
by the father even if he wants 
her out. 

In Finland, under a new law, 
children will take their mothers’ 

Better look under the bed 
before getting into it 
tonight - you might find 
Merlyn Rees with a tape- 

Yes, the Labour Govern¬ 
ment is going to do some¬ 
thing about the family, 
as promised. 

Is it finally, after years 
of deliberately impover¬ 
ishing children and their 
parents, going to provide 
higher child benefits or 
child tax allowances ? 

No, it's going to consider 
appointing a Minister for 
Marriage to run a Central 
Development Unit for 
Marital Work. 

This will do nothing for 
families. But it will do 
two things for the gov¬ 

One: it will give the 
impression of caring 
about a neglected 

Two: it will strike a 

surnames unless both parents want 
otherwise. That should help put 
paid to the “Miss Jones and Son” 

The TUC, in its document “Aims 
for women at work”, is opposing 
the Sex Discrimination Act’s 
omission of single mothers from 
its protection. 

And the National Council for 
One-Parent Families is making the 
abolition of illegitimacy its cam¬ 
paign theme for this year, its 
60th anniversary. 

But the main hope lies in women 
continuing to defy the evil and 
outdated doctrine of illegitimacy 
by having children with or without 
a husband, standing up for their 
right to do so and letting the 
children know, right from the 
time they can understand, that 
it’s the people who call children 
dirty names who are the real 

blow for conformity and 
against unmarried or 
divorced parents, either 
through propaganda or 
direct discrimination. 

It could also interfere 
with married people or 
those who want to 
marry. It could raise 
age limits and pre¬ 
scribe psychological 
tests or income quali¬ 
fications (not that it's 
going to help provide 
the income). 

As the Guardian put it, 
the report which Rees 
plans to publish this 
autumn "will emphasise 
that.. .the state has a 
responsibility in this 
rather personal field". 
Mary Whitehouse must 
be cheering. 

For your own and your 
children's sake, prepare 
to resist this plan 
before it's too late'. 

dependency Abortion and 


Marriage Police 

Bread and Roses September 1978 5 

What is 


Most people realize that the sys¬ 
tem under which we live is rotten 
to the core. It doesn’t matter 
which party is in power, the rich 
and powerful stay rich and po¬ 
werful while the rest of us are 
forced to slave away long hours 
(at work and in the home) in 
boring, soul-destroying jobs to 
get basic needs and maybe a 
few comforts. 


Decisions that affect our lives 
are nearly always taken from 
above with the result that much 
of what goes on (the building 
of roads, office blocks, airports, 
nuclear power stations, for 
example) is directly against 
our interests and insensitive 
to our needs as human beings. 
Dangerous jobs are often made 


inflation ? 

Quite sihplY- 

even more dangerous because 
the people giving us the orders 
either don’t know or don’t 
care about the conditions we’re 
working in, 


From the moment we’re bom 
we become cogs in a relentless 
brutal machine whose only pur¬ 
pose is to provide wealth and 
comfort for a small privileged 
minority-the bosses. Because 
these bosses control the economy 
(through their ownership/control 

child care bulletin 

NURSERIES v. WAGES for MOTHERHOOD: What do Women think? 

The Question 

Do you think it would be better 

(a) to have nurseries so that mothers could go out 
to work 

(b) to have a wage for motherhood 

(c) to go on as we are? 

Who was asked 

Women looking after pre-school children in Highbury Barn 
shopping area, Clissold Park and Highbury Fields 

Would you rather be going out to work? 

No, not really, I'm quite happy being at home. But I 
think there should be more facilities if you do want to go 
out to work. Because at the moment there's nothing, 
is there. 

What sort of work would you do? 

Oh I don't know, some sort of office work I suppose. 

7. (She had done social work in India but couldn't work 
over here.) It's nicer if you have a nursery. 


1. They should be able to go out to work. (This woman 
was a school student looking after young relatives 
during her holiday. She plans to be a telephonist.) 

What are you planning to do when you have children? 
Not having any! 

Is that because of your experience of looking after 


2. Well, I wouldn't mind wages! I wouldn't go to work and 
leave them, not until they're able to go to school. 

What kind of work would you do, when they were in 

Well, I'd have to do temporary work to fit in with the 

3, I don't kno w - it would be .pice if you could go to work 
because it takes you out of yourself, and it would be nice 
to be paid a wage. It's nice being at home with them. 
Maybe work six months of the year and be at home the 
rest. Part-time wouldn't be bad. 

What kind of work did you used to do? 

I used to work in a printing factory, collating books. It's 
nice to be with people. 

8 and 9. (They were both nursery nurses bringing a group 
of children to the park. They agreed:) There should 

be both. 

(first woman) After all, if they had a wage they wouldn't 
have to work. 

(second) No, but there should be the choice for those 
who want to work because some women get bored 
staying at home. 

(first) Yes, there should be the choice. 

4 and 5. (They were together and answered almost at the 
same time.) Pay a wage for motherhood, definitely ... 
Yeah, I've always wanted that. 

What kind of work would you be doing if you could, or 
later when they're in school? 

(first woman) Hairdressing. 

(second woman) Work that would fit in with school 

6. I don't think that about wages ... I don't think that's 
on really. 

10. Either that or nurseries. 

You think it should be a matter of choice? 

I think it should, yeah. 

What kind of work would you be doing? 

Anything, catering, anything. I used to work in hotels. 

In this interview, we didn't go into the big question: where 
should the money come from, for either nurseries or wages? 
From the state?employers? 

What do you think? 


We are led to believe that 
there is no alternative to the 
present system of things and 


of property and of the factor¬ 
ies and machines that produce 
goods) they are able to control 
every aspect of our lives through 
science, education, and espec¬ 
ially the media (press, radio 
and television). 

that our best bet is to tighten 
our belts and work harder to 
provide a bigger cake for the 
bosses in the hope of picking 
up bigger crumbs for ourselves 
That’s life! We can either like 
it or lump it. ^ 

Sod this for a laugh! Anarchists 
believe that the struggle for a 
better life must involve the des¬ 
truction of the present system 
of society and its replacement 
by a stateless society based on 
freedom,; equality and direct 
control over our own lives. 

This means doing away with 


starve to death in one part of 
the world while in another 
large quantities of food are 
left to rot. In an anarchist 

Now let's see how you 
cause higher prices, take 

all forms of domination-adults 
over children, men over women, 
bosses over workers, the young 
over the elderly and so on. 

It also means an end to the. 
wastefulness of production for 
profit. Children will no longer 

continued on page 6 

6 Bread and Roses September 1978 


society goods will be produced 
and distributed to the needs of 


In the workplace itself methods 
used and hours worked will be 
decided collectively by the wor¬ 
kers concerned. There will be no 
bureaucrats sitting behind desks 
giving orders from on high. Simi¬ 
larly decisions affecting the com- 
munity-the planning of schools, 
recreational facilities, housing, 
transport etc;-will be made by 
everyone in the community. 


Haymarket Slaves 

people into the restaurant an 
persuading them to come oul 

How's business, Mr Margo I is? 

As a member of the ACA and 
the TGWU I recently spent an 
evening on the picket line at 
the Garners Haymarket res¬ 
taurant. The police were 
limiting the number of pickets 
to 6 but this in no way limited 
our effectiveness. In fact it 
was less intimidating to people 

been bribed by the manage¬ 

Several times we were amused 
by the sight of the manager 
grabbing people off the street 
and digging them into the 
restaurant, whether they 
wanted to go or not. 

I'm sure some of them 
weren't even hungry! 


The workers of Gamers Steak Houses have been on strike now for 
over 6 months. They are demanding recognition of their union, 
the Transport and General Workers Union, and are organising 
daily pickets of Gamers restaurants in order to persuade people 
not to eat in them. 

A victory for the Gamers workers will be a great boost to all 
workers in the hotel & catering industry - an industry that is 
traditionally low-paid, unorganised and where the employers are 
violently anti-trade union. 

£28.49 for 55 hours - that’s what a Gamers waiter gets! _ 

and made it easier for us to 
talk to them and persuade 
them not to go in. 

Foreign tourists were particu¬ 
larly co-operative when we 
explained to them that there 
was a strike on. Throughout 
the evening the large restaurant 
looked very empty - especially 
when compared to neighbour¬ 
ing restaurants .which were 
all packed. The only people 
to go in were either very posh 
people or else people who'd 

The whole thing will be co¬ 
ordinated not by a central parlia¬ 
ment of well-off politicians doing 
what they want and represent¬ 
ing their interests but by work¬ 
place and community councils. 

These will consist of ordinary 
people elected by their neigh¬ 
bours and fellow-workers. 

These people will not be able 
to make decisions on behalf of 
everyone else—their role will be 
to carry out whatever tasks are 
delegated to them by the people 
who elect them. They will have 
to account for themselves regul- ing through the proper channels- do we wish to control workers’ strug- 
these have already been proved gles, and we shall oppose any groups 
too slow and ineffective. It is or Parties that try and use these 
,arge numbers of people uniting . 

in action to defend their com¬ 
mon interests. This is the best 
way to keep our struggles in- 

Extracting the urine from 
the constabulary 
The police, of course, were 
as unhelpful as ever. They 
made us leave such a large 
gap in front of the restaurant 
entrance that it was some¬ 
times difficult to talk to 

Then when one of the pickets 
made a joke he was threatened 
with arrest "for taking the 
piss out of a police officer"! 

To 6er us our 
Of THiS MESS too 

w ill need qualities 


We see the need for those who 
share a common oppression (e.g. 
gays, women, blacks) to organise 
autonomously, but we realise our 
dependent and completelyunder immediate oppression. We must link 

our control. 


arly and can be sacked and re¬ 
placed if people consider they 
are not doing their job properly. 


It is through direct action that 
people realise the possibilities and 
gain confidence and experience 
to control their own lives. Direct 
action can take many forms- 
wildcat strikes, occupations of 
factories, colleges, town halls 
etc. sabotage and so on. 

In Italy people have success¬ 
fully reduced the prices of food 
in supermarkets by getting to¬ 
gether and collectively refusing 
to pay the amount demanded. 

In France large groups of people 
travelling on trains have refused 
to pay their fares and got away 
with it. 

Direct democracy is not go- 

country in the world. We must 



fight for our freedom in uniting 
with the working people of all 
nations. There can be no true 
revolution in one country alone. 
The Anarchist Communist Associa¬ 
tion is an organisation of class-struggle 
anarchists who want to develop anar¬ 
chism as a living and decisive force. We 
do not seek power for ourselves, nor 




Downtown London at night in summer is stimulating, as in any other 
city. The neon lights show only the fun bits, while the darkness hides 
the dirt and squalor that make it so revolting by day. 

But who’s providing all the goodies, all the frivolity? Who’s doing 
the dirty work? 

Waiting fora bus at 9 p.m. on my way home from the Gamers 
picket, I happened to look up and see, above the neon sign of 
an amusement arcade, a lighted office where a coloured woman 
was sweeping up. I wondered how much money she got, how 
many kids she had at home, maybe a husband she hardly ever 
saw because they worked different shifts: how much love 
being ground down by poverty and work. 

The whole fairground of tourists and comparatively well-heeled 
Londoners is held up by the unseen poor, those who have hardly 
any time or money for pleasure for themselves. 

The workers at Gamers are no exception: they just happen to 
be making a fight of it. 

I went home feeling the 
evening had been a success. 
The restaurant had done very 
little business and most of 
the people we had spoken 
to were very sympathetic. 

I think this strike can be 
won if enough people 
rally round to support the 

With more and more people 
on the picket lines cutting 
off the supply of customers, 
sooner or later Garners wjll 

I was given a "final warning" 
just for following some French "baveiio give in. 

our struggles together. 

Tire role «f our organisation is in 
the action of spreading out ideas and 
We find our oppressors in every spreading our ideas through action. 

The Gamers Steak House Strike Committee is calling for 
organisations to "adopt a restaurant”, and to undertake to 
send a delegation on a particular day and session each week. In 
this way a full weekly rota can be built up and picketing 
extended to restaurants that are not picketed at the moment. 

The strikers are also in urgent need of financial help. Trade 
unionists are asked to raise the question of donations at their 
branch and committee meetings and in their workplaces. 

For further information phone 01-240-1056. Fund-raising 
ideas, messages of support, donations etc. should be sent to 
Gamers Steak House Strike Committee, Room 84,12/13 
Henrietta St., London WC2. 

We want to publicise and help ana¬ 
lyse examples of direct action and 
self-management. Whenever possible 
we also give practical support (with 
no strings attached). 

Our organisation also helps us to 
break down our own individual isola¬ 
tion, to share our experiences and to 
link them together. 

Thus each thread of 
is gradually woven into a tapestry 
of revolution and freedom. 


Is Your 



Problem ? 

I used to know . 

seem to have forgotten! 

Please post today for more details 

Try and find our address 
somewhere - just don't 
seem to be able to find it 
right now! 

Wish I'd never interfered 
with my memory! 


Address V® *. ^ 

Age. . ^ .30 . 

Comments, t>.K A If * 1 . 


Bread and Roses September 1978 7 


In August 1975 the TUC put 
out an official statement 
about Phase 1. “The wage con¬ 
trol plan leads the fight for 
jobs” they said. 

Since then, with each suc¬ 
ceeding year of wage freeze, 
unemployment has risen. It is 
now treble what it was before 
Phase 1. 

If wages controls were 
supposed to fight unemploy¬ 
ment, they have clearly failed! 

So if your wages are £65 a 
week, and you get a Phase 4 
rise of five per cent (which 
will amount to just two quid 
and five pence after deduc¬ 
tions), you can’t even tell 
yourself you’re helping people 
get out of the dole queue! 


Nor can you tell yourself 
you’re keeping prices down. 
While the earnings growth rate 
from 1976-77 fell from 13.9% 
to 8.9%, the prices growth rate 
rose from 12.9% to 17.6%. 
Food prices have more than 
doubled in the past four years. 

Of course the bosses and 

their lackeys always come out 
with the line about “one 
person’s wage increase is an¬ 
other’s price increase.” 

This is a load of bollocks. 
For one thing wages only 
make up a small part of price, 
the rest being cost of materials 
and profit. 

The bosses can afford to 
pay higher wages without pass¬ 
ing this on in increased prices. 
They’re fat enough. Let them 
tighten their belts. 

To give the bosses an incen¬ 
tive to keep prices down, 
workers should always seek to 
ensure that any wage settle¬ 
ment includes a clause for 
automatic adjustment upwards 
In line with the rate of infla¬ 
tion during the settlement 


As for unemployment, the 
way to do something about 
that is to fight for the shorter 
working week. For the vast 
majority of manual workers in 
this country that means the 35 
hour week—without loss of 

Funnily enough the TUC 
chiefs whose attitude on wages 
is so pathetic are trying to 

about this paper 

If you like Bread and Roses, 
besides subscribing, there are some 
other things you can do. For 
instance, you could take a few 
copies to sell. Don’t feel that it’s 
not worth bothering if you think 
you can only sell half a dozen 
copies, it all adds up. 

Subscriptions to the paper cost 
£2.50 for 12 issues. We really are 
going to bring it out every month 
from now on. Honest! 

If you’ve just won the pools, how 
about contributing to a worthy 
cause, and we’ll persuade the 
masses not to string you from the 
nearest lamp post when the 
revolution comes? Yes, that’s 
right, in this respect we’re like 
all the other left papers, broke. 

And if you’re musical or can make 
people laugh or whatever we’d like 
to hear from you because we were 
thinking of having a benefit for 
the paper. 

In the last issue we said “forward 
to the daily”. But to tell the truth 
we didn’t mean it. By the time 
Bread and Roses is coming out 
weekly, there will be a mass 
anarchist communist movement 
amongst the working class so 
absolutely bouncing with vitality 
and rebelliousness that the revolu¬ 
tion will be over before we reach 


Some of us are involved in struggles 
which, to put it mildly, are 
interesting. We hope to report 
on these in the next issue. 

Also, look out for “The Ordinary 
Person’s Guide to the Left”. Does 
the multitude of left-wing groups 
have you bewildered? Read our 
Guide. You may not be much 
wiser after doing so, but you’ll 
have a good laugh anyway. 

keep a bit of credibility with 
their members by supporting 
the 35 hour week. 

But at the same time as 
putting forward the shorter 
working week they are talking 
about “increased productivity” 
and saying it “needn’t mean a 
rise in unit costs”. 

Increased productivity 
means doing the same amount 
of work in less hours. Of 
course if the bosses can get 
that there needn’t be any rise 
in unit costs — and they need¬ 
n’t take on any more workers, 
so unemployment continues at 
just as high (or even higher) 

We repeat—the bosses are 
fat enough. They can afford to 
absorb increased costs by tak¬ 
ing slimmer profits. 

We want the 35 hour week 
without loss of wages, without 
having to work harder: that 
way we benefit ourselves and 
the unemployed. 


As a first step overtime should 
be banned. The Post Office 
engineers have already started 
doing this. Their action should 
be supported and extended. 

Why do we work overtime 
anyway? Because we can’t live 
on the basic wage, that’s why. 

Instead of working overtime 
we should be doing something 
about the basic wage. 

Anybody who thinks it 
can’t be done should think 
again. The government’s pay 
code has been widely broken. 
Members of the Anarchist 
Communist Association, along 
with their mates at their places 
of work, have succeeded in 
winning wage settlements well 
over the limit. 


We want 35 hours because it 
means less time for the boss 

and more for ourselves. 

It will reduce unemploy¬ 
ment — previous reductions in 
the “official” working week 
did, as a matter of historical 
record, lead to a reduction in 
actual hours worked per 
worker, and an increase in the 
number of workers employed. 

But mainly we want it be¬ 
cause it means more time for 

This isn’t entirely a selfish 
point of view. As was pointed 
out in the last issue of Bread 
and Roses, this means more 
time for those around us. 

More time for children. 
More time for those adults 
(usually women) struggling to 
cope with kids 100 hours a 

More time for the com¬ 
munity we are part of. More 
time for friends and neigh¬ 

And more time to organise 
to get rid of the bosses and 
their crazy, morally bankrupt 
capitalist system once and for 

Thorpe’s Dog &Weedkiller 

They are too occupied with j 

these “idealistic persons” \ 

who they claim were intending! 

to become violent. _ \ 

Meanwhile, the extreme right 
continues its campaign of 
violence unchecked. The 
Anti-Nazi headquarters were 
bombed, Peace News was 
bombed, two Rock against 
Racism venues were bombed, 
a couple of other places used 
by anti-racists were destroyed 


At time of writing six anar- j 
chists are on trial for 

“conspiracy to cause explo- ' 
sions”. The evidence against 
them seems flimsy to say the! 
least - it relies heavily on the 
fact that some weedkiller 
which the police found in 
a raid could have been used 
in making bombs, and not 
even the prosecution has 
suggested that they actually 
caused any explosions. 


Bail was refused because the 
accused were “idealistic 
persons who would take 
positive steps to overthrow 
society”. The six are held 
in strictest security and are 
being badly treated. 

Note the contrast with Jeremy 
Thorpe and his friends, 
accused of conspiracy to 
murder but out on bail, free 
to talk to anyone they like, 
including press and television. 

‘ ‘Impartial ’ ’ justice ? 

by fire, there have been 
four racist murders, a group 
of Asian workers were 
attacked by National Front 
members as they came out of 
a factory in Whitechapel, and 
so on. 

The police have shown little 
interest in dealing with this 
real campaign of violence. 

and Ronan Bennett 

8 Bread and Roses September 1978 


There’s no such place! 

It was a fine, still, hot summer’s 
day. Lorry driver Dennis Hammer- 
ton, out in the country with his 

stoppecUhe , My ' m0th " •“* “ 

country lane. Z nt,h!r ^ ! ^ ° n t0 get her 8athering tatties for the 

The two. who had been living him “dirty” ’ n °' fam,eK ' And by the time 1 

was partly blin- “ ne 5 ™” ° U ' «“ ° ,d »“* 


walked into the fields, climging 
a gate and a barbed wire fence. 
They took a radio, playing pop 
music, with them. 

Naturally, since they already 
had a relationship, and since 
there was (they thought) no¬ 
body else around, and since it 
was such a beautiful day, nei¬ 
ther ruled out the possibility 
of passion in the long grass. 

As it turned out it was com. 
They lay down in a cornfield. 

But their gentle, lazy love- 
making was scarcely begun 
when the idyll was painfully 
shattered by a shotgun blast. 


The shotgun was fired by forty- 
two year old Rafaelo Darienza, 
a farmworker. He was later to 
claim in court that he saw a 

ded b\ Darienza’s shotgun attack, 
continued to push a claim for 
legal damages against him long 

Carol, who was hit by 56 shot¬ 
gun pellets, did not pursue a 
claim-perhaps because she had 
been made to realise that society 
would agree with Mr. Darienza 
that she was “dirty”. 

The relationship between 
Carol and Dennis was ruined 
by the shotgun attack. Not sur¬ 
prisingly, their love-making 
could never be so joyous and 
carefree again, and they even¬ 
tually split up. Dennis has since 
found a new lovel Carol appar¬ 
ently hasn’t. 


As it happens the writer of this 
piece was also attacked in a 

saw approaching this farmer’s 
son and some of his cronies, 
sons of his farmhands I think. 

They hadn’t seen us, so we 
got off the road and hid in a 
cornfield-we were in “their” 
territory, and knew that could 
mean trouble, even though we 
were on a public road. 


wcuui ax cuuri mat ne saw a __ 

movement in the com and fired cornfie ld, though it wasn’t so 

dramatir nor itc - 

believing it to be a rabbit. 

Since when do rabbits carry 
transistor radios around with 
them? Rafaelo must have heard 
this and other unmistakably 
human sounds. 

dramatic nor its consequences 
so drastic. 

When I was a young boy 1 

lived in a village surrounded by 
beautiful countryside. And it 
was all owned by big farmers. 

Human MJUUUS. 

Despite the court finding for No Peasants, no little farmers, 
him, there can be little doubt Just capitalists, 
that Mr Darienza knew what 
caused the movement he fired 

That raises the question “why 
did he do it?” 


The clue is provided by Mr Dari¬ 
enza s background. He is from an 
Italian peasant family, and so has 
a well developed sense of land 
ownership. According to the 
law Carol and Dennis were tres¬ 

Ironically, Rafaelo wasn’t de¬ 
fending his own land. Under 
capitalism poor peasants become 
landless labourers and shoot 
those who trespass on their 
masters’ land. 

Mr Darienza’s background 
tells us something else. Italy is 
a country where even a woman 
who has been raped by a man 
who is not her husband is con¬ 
sidered to have been “shamed”. 

So you can imagine the reac¬ 
tion of a man from that kind 
of background to a woman 
guilty of carefree and joyous 
lovemaking in a field. 

Mr. Darienza was reported to 

to go on a “half-bit” and be 
paid half the adult wage 
(which wasn’t much). 

Tayside Regional Council 
still gives schoolchildren two 
weeks “tattie holidays” in the 
autumn-for the benefit of the 

Anyway what happened'was 

that one summer’s day myself 
and some other children from 
the village were out in the sur¬ 
rounding countryside when we 

I read the news 
this is what it said: 


Oh what a to-do! 

What shall we do? 

Now there are no helpful 
laughing policemen to tell us 
what to do! 

I read the news 
this is what it said: 


Vrvii „ , Oh how can we live? 

You can t get away from this To whom can we give? 

Now there are no friendly 
Capitalists to take away 
what we give! 

I read the news 
this is what it said: 



Gor! What a stink! 

But how we gonna think? 

Now there are no intelligent 
well-intentioned freedom-loving 
expert educationalists to tell us 
how to think! 

I read the news 
this is what it said: 


Good gracious me! 

sick society by going into the 
country. Capitalism is every¬ 
where. Two % of the people 
own 72% of land values. 

What we have to do is create 
a society where all have access 
to the land, both for work and 
pleasure. If people feel that the 
land is theirs, there will be no 
need for a countryside code, 
nor for the defence of growing 
crops as private property. 

Neither will we have crops 
being destroyed to keep up the 
market price. 

And we have to do away with 
the sexual repression which is 

dQsdy.imked wi th private prop- How c^n we be free" 

out in the country, they can do 
so without fear of being shot 
at, and then called “dirty” by 
those who shoot at them. 

Motorboarder Menace 

SKATEBOARDS have had a 
lot of stick recently as the teen¬ 
agers and tinies have taken 
over the pavement, but much 
greater damage has been done 
for years by older kids and 
adults on motorboards. 

Generally they stay on the roads, 
but thousands of citizens are now 
afraid to go out on the streets as 

smilingly benevolent and caring - 
leaders to keep us free! 

I read the news 
this is what it said: 


But where’s the proof? 

How can we know the truth? 

Now there are no completely objec¬ 

totally accurate and unbiased 
newspapers to tell us the truth THUP .! 

Proud motorboarder with a ton of dangerous plaything 
these hooligans scythe down elderly 
and infirm or young and healthy 

They happily call this carn¬ 

age RTAs (road traffic accidents) 
but care not a whit for you if you 
dare get in their way. It is high 
time there was firm action to 
curb the excesses of this irres¬ 
ponsible minority. 

Let’s have each motorboarder 
accompanied by someone walk¬ 
ing with a red flag in front to 
warn real people of the danger. 
Let’s turn over disused airfields 
to them as playgrounds and 
keep the dangerous things off 
the streets. 

Motorboardersare worse when they have a girlfriend to showoffto. 

Some owners are encouraged to think it’s a wild beast! 

Bread and Roses September 1978 9 

has anyone any 
hope for 
maqqie & jean? 



Be alone in the room. 

There’s a wall higher" than you. 
Stand with both arms exten¬ 
ded, palms out and push on 
the top of it repeatedly, letting 
your weight go onto the right 
foot in back of you after each 

After you’ve knocked the top 
of it down, knock down each 
bit of it, getting lower and 

When it’s all crumbled into a 
heap, grind it down with 
both hands and stamp on it. 

This free booklet could 
change your life 


friends, but wc fail 
to because they 
can see through us 
like glass 

But it’s a nice 
uniform and we 
all stick together 
when there’s a 
riot - we don’t see 

The more the nastier. 

Lmrm,. ^ 

Maggie and Jean are registered addicts. Maggie had her 21st birthday, and Jean her 22nd, in 

A doctor told Maggie she wouldn't live past 23. Maybe he was just trying to scare her into 
a cure. But it's certain that her health is ruined. 

She got registered a year ago and was put on methodone, a substitute for heroin. The only 
difference this made was that she no longer had to buy stuff. 

Maggie: I don't want to come off it, I always want to be on it. 

This is Maggie and Jean talking: 

M Look, I think we ought 
to get dressed and get it 
together, yeah? Because 
--— Km really stoned. 

J Okay. I'm just lying 

M Look, you've been lying 
down all day now. It 
must be midday. So 
come on. 

J Where we gotta go? 

M I don't know, I just feel 
untogether. I feel uneasy. 
I haven't had any 

J If the clinic sees my arm 
here I'll be killed for sure. 
Are we going home? 

Well I think we ought to... 

are going to be in trouble 
now because of our veins. 
We can't even fix. 

M Couldn't you honestly 
get me a hit last night, or 
were you mucking about? 
Were you too stoned or 

J That's the reason. 

M Too stoned to get me a 

hit? I mean as long as 
that's the reason, and not 
because I haven't got any 
veins left. 

J You've got veins but I 
can't find them. 

M I've got veins but you 
can't find them! I think 
it was because you were 
stoned, babe, honestly 
I do. Because, like. 

very hard to use your 
own hand. Isn't it? Hm? 
Where can we get some 

Well we could get some 
laid on. Paul could give 
me some money. 

I'm really gonna get it 
together. Right! No 
one's stoned. Stand up! 
Get up, get up off the 
floor. Let's have some 
strong coffee. Will you 
please get off the floor, 
you lazy cretin. Get up 
off the floor, make the 
bed. Come on, come on. 
You, you were in Hollo¬ 
way, man, you should 
know what it's like. I'll 
tell you why we're 
feeling tired, man, 
because the fire's on. 

Get up! We're gonna 
have the windows open, 
everything. Fresh air! 
I'm gonna go and open 
this door. I mean it. 

I'm fed up, I mean it. 

I'm in a temper. I hate it 
here. I want to go home 
right now. It's Sunday, 
man, I hate Sunday. 
Where's the dustbin? 

The whole floor looks 
like a dustbin, I mean 
take your pick. It's all 
a dustbin as far as I'm 
concerned. Look at it. 
And no-one can blame 
me for it. Disgusting. 

I'd love a dicanol, 
wouldn't you? Of course 
you would, admit it. The 
thing is that both of us 

people can usually get 
me first time. The one 
on my hand, I used to 
get on my own. It's 

We've all felt at times that life had nothing to offer except the comfort of a drink or a 

The only difference is that with Jean and Maggie the thing that's become their 
comfort is also something that wrecks and shortens their life. 

It's no use having clinics and enlightened laws when people have no hope. 

In Hong Kong a determined evangelist is curing a few junkies by persuading them to stay 
at her hostel and say prayers. The hostel only holds 10 to 15 people, and when they leave 
a lot of them relapse. 

We don't believe in.blind faith or supernatural religion. But we do believe in having 
something to believe in: in our case, a society based on love and mutual support rather 
than competition, fear and self-hate. And we recognise the value to people in deep 
trouble of having the support of others in the same boat. 

J What about your relationships with other people? 

M Mm-hm. Oh man, I avoid those sort of things. I don't relate, I can't relate. 

But it's got to be continuing support. 

10 Bread and Roses September 1978 

The Land should 

belong to Us! 



THE MOTORWAY to Cambridge 
isn’t being used, most of us prefer 
to use the old A11 or A10. Who 
wants to go to Stratford in the 
East End to start the trip? So 
the Ministry of Transport is 
now messing about with signs to 
make it difficult to find the 
A11. That way we’ll have to use 
the motorway or get lost before 
Bishops Strotford. 

So it’s not necessary, we don’t 
need the multi-million-pound 
motorway. Wasted resources. 

Only the road-building industry 
is smiling. Some jobs, but more 
profit for the captains of indu¬ 


Roughly fifty miles long, let’s 
see how much land it takes 
up ... . Three lanes each way, 

10 ft each, two hard shoulders, 
a central strip with barrier, call 
it 90ft across. Really much more 
but at least the huge embank¬ 
ments can grow grass and a few 


The sum for this narrow motor¬ 
way is 30 yds x (50 x 1760) yds 
(17t>6 x 1760) sq. yds. 

. 1500 

= .85 sq. miles. 

This doesn’t mean much in it- 
self-a sea of tarmac, but let’s 
look at our houses. Not battery 
housing in tower blocks, but 
terraced houses—covering, say, 

8 x 8 sq. yds—their gardens being 
more use than motorway em¬ 

How many can we fit into 
the Cambridge motorway? 

■ 85 x 1760 x 1760 = 41 34Q 


and if three people live in one 
terraced house that’s a popula¬ 
tion of over 120,000! 

End of arithmetic. 

Whenever immigration gets men¬ 
tioned you get told that Britain 
is too crowded. Small wonder 
with these scalectrix tracks for 
metal aliens in our midst! 

Yes, we do want more land 
to be used by agriculture-we 
need it to live, but it’s not us 
people gobbling it up. It’s the 
greedy road haulage, road con¬ 
struction and motor industries 
who are taking it. Narrow strips 
yes, but 300 miles of M6 and 
M5, 200 miles of M1, 250 mifes 
of M4 and other bits all over the 

Your land, their profits. 

Most of this series is meant 
to look at the nicer things, that 
are disappearing. This ugly article 
comes to shock us at the arith¬ 
metical horror of motorway 
greed. And all this at a time 
when dangerous loads have cau¬ 
sed deaths while the railways 
go idel. The Cambridge motor¬ 
way is the latest of these obvious 

Dear Bread and Roses, 

Your paper’s the most down-to- 
earth anarchist paper I’ve ever 
seen and it’s still (?) alive and 
interesting. I think it’s what the 
anarchist movement needs to 
break into any sort of “mass”* 
circulation (good luck in your 
aim for a daily!). 

I have mixed feelings about the 
ACA. I can see it giving a sense 
of identity to those of us isolated 
and alienated in a hostile world, 
and support for propaganda in 
areas where few anarchists tread 
(I don’t know if this is what the 
organization’s for or not). But, 
although I’ve never worked in 
an anarchist group (for more than 
a couple of days), a criticism of 
your association that one comrade 
mentioned (and seems to make 
sense to me from here) is that a 
strong ACA group would take on 
more and more responsibility for 
the association nationally and 
cease to be an activist group 
locally (which is a selfish use of 
the group’s energy by any outlying on' “The ‘^-Peopk^Movement’ 

that punk stuff. 

A lot of Teds, like a lot of 
everybody else, don’t think 
much about politics. 

Of course there are some morons 
with right wing attitudes but 
again you can find them among 
any section of the population. 

If I want to look properly dressed 
in a drape suit instead of going 
around like something the cat 
dragged in that don’t make me 
a right-winger. 

As for racialism, well what about 
Little Richard, Fats Domino, 
Chuck Berry? Everybody knows 
that even among white people 
rock and roll came about from 
a sort of mixing of black rhythm 
and blues with white country 

The same reader writes about 
another article in the first 

Being something of a Malthusian 
I wasn’t happy with the article 

individuals, unless of course the 
ACA is simply a propaganda 

Anyway enough pontificating; 
good luck for the future. 

There are physical limits to the 
number of people the Earth and 
its resources can support. As 
libertarians we should be explaining 
the issues so that we can encourage 
people to limit their reproduction 
*1 don’t like this word, it reminds voluntarily. It is interesting to 
me of a heaving sea of green slime note that reactionary institutions 

but right now I can’t think of 
another one. 


Jeremy Gould 

Excerpts from another reader’s 

I liked the article by “Daddy 
Cool”. As an aficianado of 
Fifties rock and roll myself it 
saddens me that it should be 
identified with the ultra-right 
whereas punk, which I can’t abide, 
identified with anti-racism and 
the left. 

Terry Liddell 

Daddy Cool comments: 

Wot’san “aficianado”? Is being 
associated with this paper going 
to mean I've got to buy a 

Anyway I’m pleased to hear 
from somebody who likes real 
rock and roll and can’t stand .... 

MIDDLE LEADas defined by H.M. Government 

H.M. Government Health Departments’ WARNING' 

CARS can seriously damage your health 

such as the Roman church which 
need a large docile “flock” are 
in the vanguard of anti-birth control 
agitation. There is also the impor¬ 
tant issue of women having the 
material means to decide what to 
- do with their own bodies. 

Angus MacDonald comments: 

I didn’t write that article but I 
live with the woman who did. 
During over 20 years of active sex 
life she has practised all forms 
of contraception. 

She has three children, one 
before she met me and two since. 
Only the last (a wonderful bairn) 
was “unplanned". While she was 
pregnant with him we decided 
“no more", so I had a vasectomy. 
The article she wrote vmzs not 
against contraception, though I 
can see that this might not have 
been obvious to everybody. 

It was against the world-wide 
campaign for population limits 
led by such characters as David 
Rockefeller and Dr. Ravenholt 
' director of the U.S. Office of 

continued on page 11 

Bread and Roses September 1978 11 

Letters, articles, 
enquiries about ACA 
membership, to any of 
the following: 


Bob Prew 
13 Trinity Court 
Trinity Road 
Aston, Birmingham 6 


Jim Petty 
5 Hollin Hill 
Burnley, Lancs. 


Dave Carruthers 
53 Ormonde Ave. 
Glasgow G4 


Gary Holden 
88 Speedwell House 
Comet St. 

London SE8 

It is one thing being in favour of 
people having the means to plan 
their family. 

It is quite another supporting a 
movement which is seeking to 
persuade or force them to limit 
their family to an ideal figure 
decided by the Rockefellers. 
Especially when the economic 
means o f persuasion, such as 
low tax allowances, are aimed 
more at the working class. 


As was clearly shown in the 
quotations in that article, for 
some birth control organisations 
‘ persuasion is~not enough. They 
are in favour of legislation. 

They are backed up by capitalist 
economists who say that there are 
already too many people in the 
world. Though he doesn’t 
actually say so, our reader 
apparently believes this. 

I reject this as primitive supersti¬ 
tious nonsense. We are nowhere 
near the limits of Earth’s possible 

population and long before we 
are humanity will have reached 
for the stars. 

There is no food shortage on Earth, 
just a problem of distribution. 

As for that bit about the Roman 
Catholic church! This is the old 
business of guilt by association. 

It’s like saying “Adolf Hitler was a 
vegetarian. Therefore vegetarians 
are all fascists. ’’ 

Personally, my parents brought me 
up to regard anything connected 
with the Roman church with the 
deepest suspicion. 

When I became, an anarchist, anti¬ 
clericalism was added t o my 
deep-rooted protestant hatred 
of popgry. 

The woman who wrote “The 
Anti-People Movement" is a 
Jewish atheist, anarchist and 

If you think you can see the 
hand of Rome in all this, you’re 
even more bigoted than I am. 

Welfit and WAIT... 

They watch the red and gold of morning 
swim across the cold grey dawning 
We watch the blacks and whites of humanity 
squirm and bleed with insanity 

The people with all the bread 
would not listen to what we said 
Their eyes were disdainful 
and they said it was shameful 
but we still sit and wait 

The crowds shift and shout 
while the rich still move about 
"But the time will come" 
said the man with the gun 
Meanwhile we'll sit an' wait. 

Normy Fire-station 

Soviet SS 

The persecution, arrest and 
trial of Russian intellectuals 
has been well publicised in 
the West. Less has been heard 
about the repression of 
Russian workers, but in the 
long run (and even in the not 
so long run) such dissidents 
are a far greater threat to the 
tottering monolith of "com¬ 
munism" (or state capitalism, 
to describe it more accurately). 

In January 1978 the "Association 
of Free Trade Unions of Workers 
in the Soviet Union" was 
formed. On February 1st they 
issued an "Appeal to the Inter¬ 

party controls the state, all work 
places, and the official trade 
unions. Dissidents are sacked 
then accused of parasitism because 
they're unemployed! 

A lot of the members, besides 
being denied the right to work, 
have also been imprisoned or put 
in psychiatric hospitals (in Russia 
they reckon that anybody who 
criticises the way things are run 
must be nuts). 

Typical was the experience of 
has been a principal organiser 
and spokesman of the independent 
union. He worked for 16 years as 
a miner at the Bazhanova pit in 
the Donetsk region. As early as 



It is significant that, despite perse¬ 
cution, these workers feel strong 
enough to openly organise 
independently of the official 

This must also indicate that they 
represent much wider discontent 
in Russia than would appear from 
their number. 

Aged 39. Labourer. Married with one son. 
Served six years in prisons and Labour 
Colonies between 1960-66. After his 
release was subject to stringent post¬ 
release regulations and not allowed to live 
in Moscow. In this period wrote “My 
Testimony”, a vivid account of Soviet 
Prison conditions. 

1968. Again arrested & sentenced to one 
year in a Corrective Labour Colony. 

While serving this sentence he was 

charged with “Anti-Soviet Slander” and 
another two years was added to his sen¬ 
tence. Released in 1971 he was re-arres¬ 
ted in 1975 and charged with violation of 
post-release regulations and exiled to 
Chuna in Irkutsk province (Siberia) for 
four years. In 1976 wrote “From Tarusa 
to Chuna” - the story of his arrest, con¬ 
finement, trial, transportation & 53 day 
hunger-strike. Is still subject to intense 
harassment in his exile. 

. national Labour Organisation 
and to the workers' trade unions 
in Western Countries". This 
document was signed by 43 

Besides the 43 signatories 110 
other people were listed as ^ 
members of the union and a 
note was attached explaining 
that other workers wished to be 
members but didn't wish their 
names to be made public at present. 


Most of the members are unem¬ 
ployed. The reason for this is 
obvious enough - the "Communist" 

Anatoly Marchenko, USSR 

1960 he attempted to form an 
independent union amongst miners. 
The authorities stopped this "anti- 
Soviet activity" but didn't sack 

He became a foreman but was 
sacked in 1968 for refusing to 
assign overtime to his men or 
send them onto jobs where he 
believed safety standards were 
not met. 

He was then put in a maximum 
security mental hospital until 1973. 
On release his personal labour book 
was stamped "dismissed in con¬ 
nection with arrest" - thus 
ensuring he stayed unemployed. 

We believe the Russian regime 
to be much shakier than is 
generally supposed. 

The leadership of our own 
Amalgamated Engineering Union 
have broken off all contact with 
the official Russian unions, which 
is a good thing. 

And yet - ask yourself, what 
would be the reaction of the right 
wing bureaucrats of the AEU if 
British workers were to seek to 
form an independent union in 
the engineering industry? It isn't 
only the Russian top brass which 
sees that kind of thing as a threat. 



World Exclusive- 

Prison for 

on Pope? 

Manchester Council hopes to 
use the Criminal Courts to deal 
with homelessness. 

They will not be prosecuting 
land speculators or crooked 
developers. Nor will they be 
moving against multiple home 
owners. Likewise rack-renters 
and slum landlords have nothing 
to fear. 

It is the homeless who are to 
be punished-especially those 
who fight back. Squatters could 
face heavv fines or even impri- 

queues in the letting department 
couldn’t being a smile to his lips. 


Then his pal the Director of Admin- 
st ration came up with an idea-a 
real 500 watt beauty. Why not use 
the Criminal Law Act and really 
scare the shit out of the cheeky 
B’s. It is top level communication 
between the Director of Adminstra- 
tion and the Director of Housing 
which has fallen into our hands. 

The procedure is fairly simple. 


Arrest could lead to a fine of up to 
£100 or imprisonment for up to 6 
months or both. This has the advan¬ 
tages of discouraging the homeless 
family from re-occupying another 
council property, and providing tem¬ 
porary accommodation for one or 
more of the family’s breadwinners ... 
in her majesty’s prisons. 

Meanwhile the rest of the family 
can double up with any of their 
friends or family who can have them— 
When an empty property is discovered un ^ ess the Social Workers g?t their cada- 
to be occupied, an “intending occu- verous hands on them. 

M‘C£ OJE- 
Sncx ’EM Ikj 

sonment for the “crime” of 
'occupying an empty house:. 
BREAD AND ROSES has received 
a secret internal memorandum which 
shows that the Manchester Council in¬ 
tend to twist the Criminal Law Act 
(1977) to deal with squatters. 
Previously the Council had a lot of 
problems evicting squatters. Getting 
the Civil Courts to issue a possession 
order could take up to 12 weeks. 

What was worse, a high proportion 
of the cheeky blighters moved into 
other council houses as soon as they 
were evicted. 

The director of housing was quite 
distracted-he didn’t touch his ‘mono¬ 
poly’ board for weeks and even the 

pier” has to be found-preferably 
someone on the housing list who is 
both desperate and submissive. 


A certificate is then issued to this 
person, stating that they are the “in¬ 
tending occupier”. All that has to 
be done then is arrange to meet a 
Police Constable at the house. The 
squatter must be shown the certifi¬ 
cate and asked to leave without 

Naturally the squatters may be a 
little upset at being chucked into the 
street with all their possessions. 
However this would please the coun¬ 
cil very well. For if the squatters can 
be provoked into protesting or delay¬ 
ing, they can be arrested on the spot. 

The idea of moving a squatter out 
and then moving an ‘official’ tenant 
in, helps the council to perpetuate the 
myth that squatters occupy tennented 
property or jump the housing queue. 

However we also have documents 
which prove this is not the case in 
Manchester or any other city ... 
Manchester Council has presently got 
6,500 empty houses in the inner 
city alone. Many houses have remained 
empty for over a year and the aver¬ 
age time a house remains empty is 
16 weeks. 

Apart from his "friends" 
in the Vatican the Pope 
had many external oppon¬ 
ents^ For instance it is 
only a few weeks since 
Prince Charles publicly 
criticised him. Remem¬ 
ber, Prince Philip is head 
of the Freemasons in Eng¬ 

Remember also that the 
only Catholic President of 

the U.S.A. (and the only 
one who wasn't a Free¬ 
mason) was assassinated 
in circumstances which 
have never been satisfac¬ 
torily cleared up. 

If the editors of Bread and 
Roses are all still alive in 
a month we can probably 
assume that the Pope did 
die a natural death. 

The Vatican has a long 
history of internal feud¬ 
ing. The characteristic 
style of silent and hidden 
violence was set by the 
Borgia popes, who were 
notorious poisoners. 

Don’t say it couldn’t hap¬ 
pen nowadays - how could 
anybody know? The Vati¬ 
can is an independent 

state, a law unto itself, 
with its own secret police. 

"But the Pope was an old 
man" - well, of course if 
it wasn’t natural, some 
people would be counting 
on you saying that. And it 
wouldn't be the first time 
a human hand had hastened 
time's winged chariot. 


Jean Villot, 73. Curia; Secre• Jan Willebrands, 69. Arch- 
tary of State. bishop of Utrecht. 

Pericle Felici, 67. Curia. Michaele Pellegrino, 75. For¬ 
mer Archbishop, Turin. 

Sergio Pignedoli, 68. Curia. 
Keeps a file of 10,000 ac¬ 

Giovani Benelli, 57. Arch¬ 
bishop of Florence. Once 
Pope’s right-hand man. 




AT FORD (UK) THE COMPANY MADE WELL OVER of strength. Support for 
HALF A BILLION POUNDS PROFIT in the last 2 \ years, their strike is necessary 
Terry Beckett, Ford (UK) chief executive, has been for it to succeed, but their 
given an 80% rise to celebrate these massive profits, struggle is equally ours. 
The workers, of course, were offered 5%. 

If your 5% or less on this 

The £20 extra per week which Ford workers demand year's wages is making 
would merely give them the buying power that they had you no better off, you 
four years ago. probably know this. 

the profits be shared 

amongst the workers. 

The demand is coupled — . . As we go to press, the 

with a demand for a 35- ^OntrO , union has rejected the lat- 

hour week, which is in res- The struggle at Fords Is est offer of 12|%, of which 

ponse to dole queues soar- no t 5 then, merely a fight 4|%was to be given on con¬ 

ing over the lg million 
mark. A shorter working 
week at Fords could create 
3,300 more jobs in the 
Ford plants alone. 


Naturally, the bosses and 
the government don't want 
the Ford workers to win - 
they are shocked that they 
even made their demands. 

Those demands are not 
designed to please the 


Cortina Quandary 

To demand more than 5% 
is to challenge the govern¬ 
ment itself, just as the 
miners called the Heath 
government's bluff in 1974. 

Share the Prof its 

The demands by Ford wor¬ 
kers were limited to what 
the company could afford 
without putting the prices 
of the cars up. What they 
demand, therefore, is that 

for higher wages and a 
shorter working week. It 
is a fight for workers con¬ 
trol - to TAKE AWAY 


The Ford workforce is big 
enough to make this show 

dition of good attendance - 
a comment on the working 
conditions at Fords. 

The union knew that the 
workers wouldn't stand for 
this insulting and divisive 
"good behaviour" money. 
(Remember from our last 
issue the finding that health 
and lifespan are worst 
among factory and building 
workers, especially those 
on Incentive schemes.) 

Ilf you have any information about the subject of 
Ithe above Identikit picture, please contact the 
llnvestigating Officer at the following number: 






(left side of face) 

(right side of face) 

(if suspect was over 5’8") 
(If suspect was under 5'8") 
(If suspect^as^ale - at 
least we're^sure of that 
much. Quite frankly, It 
could have been anyone.) 


2 Bread ar.d Roses Nov ’78 


! Mum « UiVa* oorn mnnou o nH 4._: J 4._ rsr.~ : _/._-.4-4-J.. ^ 

MOST OF US NEED a car to 
carry on living as we do. If 
not ours, a friend’s or a rela¬ 

But a lot of us don’t like go¬ 
ing around in cars. It’s wasteful 
uncomfortable, dangerous and 
stops us meeting other people. 
Still more, like kids and old 
folk or cripples have no-one’s 
car to use. 

Buses and trains give us: 

* Fares more expensive than 
running a small car. 

* Crushes in the rush hours. 

* Infrequent, but often crow¬ 
ded, buses and trains out¬ 
side rush hours 

* Cattle-truck conditions of 
comfort; with modern buses, 
jerky movements 

* Slower one-man bus services 

* No service at night. 

So, if we can, we use cars or 

motor bikes to save money and 
take more control of our lives. 

Look at the money in the 
country-how much is tied up 
with cars? Well, start off with 
the big employers like Fords, 
feed in the petrol industry (re¬ 
fining, tankers to the petrol 
stations, forecourt attendants). 
Then throw in the tyre, acces¬ 
sories, repair and insurance 

Deep breath . . . wait for it 
. . . the road construction in¬ 
dustry is huge and despite 
slumps and recessions is al¬ 
ways gobbling up millions of 

to avoid traffic jams/getting 
run over.” 

But a lot of us already do 
work near home, cycle and 
waste time in traffic. Mean¬ 
while others do not work near 
home, cannot cycle and are 
fed up with rush-hour squalor. 

Any good signs in buses and 
trains are only temporary. Slow¬ 
ly but surely—as long as you do 
get to work as a wage slave - 
they are cutting and cutting 
at public transport. 

“But they’re tories” we 
hear the left wing cry. “Under 
Socialism, we will have frequ¬ 
ent, comfortable, cheap public 


When you hear someone talk transport!” They believe the 

of capitalism, they mean the 
motor car industry! 


new buses and trains will thr¬ 
ong with happy citizens swelter¬ 
ing in the sunny glare of the nice 

It would be only too easy to 
say “I should work within .walk¬ 
ing distance of home.” “I’ll 
cycle.” “I’ll just leave earlier 


Some local councils do now 
run cheap frequent buses. They 

ft iff** 5 * 

do fill up. They are no more 
wn-economic than the more 
run-down services most of us 

But they still have the absurd 
idea of servicejjaying for it¬ 
self. Socialism is just slower 

in using the chopper. 

The non-capitalist public 
transport is harder to get. But 
the more the tories and social¬ 
ists hack up today’s buses, the 
nearer it comes. 

It is already cheaper for a 

family of four near Ashford in 
Kent, to travel by taxi than 
by bus! 

At that rate it is very soon 
that communities and groups 
will organise their own coaches 

and buses, they will say how 
often the bus runs, they will 
say how many and what routes. 
They will levy no fares be¬ 
cause they have set up the ser¬ 
vice. They will be hated by the 
motor car factories, the bosses 
stranglehold will be broken. 

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Bread and Roses Nov ’78 3 

TOGETHER Because of the Children 

“Significantly, the vast majority of difficulties The wonder is that so many relationships man- 
among the divorced group started in families with age to survive the years of child-raising. Indeed, 
young children.” how many of the “successful” ones survive in 

This, according to the Sunday Times, was one of an yth'ng but legal status or loveless residence to- 
the findings-of a survey of divorce carried out at 8 ettier - 

the Marriage Research Centre at the Central a ^ r ‘ en£ ^ P ut ** to me once— 

Middlesex Hospital, London. “If only it weren’t for the'children, I could get 

I have seen a similar finding elsewhere. No-one away from him. But then, if we didn’t have them 
who has young children will be surprised by it. I probably wouldn’t want to get away from him.” 


How does anyone expect people to 
get along well when they never have 
any pleasures together, any privacy 
for more than a brief hour (if that) 
when they are dead tired, or even 
enough money to manage comfort¬ 
ably (families with children are now¬ 
adays recognised as being markedly 
worse-off financially than the child¬ 

How is a woman in what the 
papers laughably call “these days of 
Women’s Lib” supposed to feel any¬ 

thing but resentment towards a man 
that she has to live off, a man who 
comes home and talks about the in¬ 
teresting, “liberated” childless wo¬ 
men he’s met at work, while she 

anything in the way of practical 
help. What they suggest is more 
“education about the pitfalls of mar¬ 

That creates'more jobs for experts. 

herself has been reduced to a drudge. It’s quite common nowadays to see 
If people were noble martyrs, a people advocating courses for young 


life of shared poverty, drudgery and 
joylessness might bind them closer 
together. In real life, it drives them 


Naturally, the experts don’t suggest 

people in the “realities” of parent- 
hood-it’s rare to see them advoca¬ 
ting changes in the realities. 

“Women”, the Times articles tells 
us, “often need to be educated about 

loss of economic independence.” 
Educated, or brainwashed? 


Why do we, the parents, go on accept¬ 
ing this? Why don’t we demand 
some life, not mere endurance, during 
the years when our children most need 

the changes they will encounter when People are already well enough aware. c ^ eer ^ u '’ hopeful, strong parents 

they start families -for instance the 


SameOld Tricks Everywhere 

The Christian-Democrat Govern¬ 
ment, under Prime Minister 
Van Agt, recently told the 
country of their new economic | 
kl p^'P ian calle d "B.estek '& 

this plan is to 'save money' in 
order to fight the 'crisi' hitting 

by the bosses and by the state. 
And now, just as everywhere 
else, unemployment is growing 

(200,000 people at the begin¬ 

ning of 19781, and small fac- 


That could be the real name 
of this new plan. Indeed, its 
'package' consists of reducing 
social secuiryt payments, freez¬ 
ing the wages, less money for 
the building of council hous- . . .. 

ing, while increasing state help change is possible within the 
to private industry. In return structure of Capitalist society, 
the three million wage-workers 'Social' caprtahsm is stiH capi 
w,ill have to pay £2, 500m. In u ~** l ‘*‘ " 

Because, of course, the work¬ 
ing class is the one which will 
have to bear 'sacrifices' while 
the profits will go to the biggest 
Dutch firms (Phillips, Unilever, 

AK20 etc). 

The consequences of "Bes- 
tek '81” are easy to forecast: 
for example, it will mean from'IO 
to 11,000 building workers and 
over 100,000 white collar wor¬ 
kers becoming unemployed. 

tories are closing every week. 


The Dutch unions will, of 
course, organise a few protest 
meetings and demonstrations, 
maybe even a few strikes! All 
this is order to bring back a 
new Social-Democrat govern¬ 

Today, more than ever, it is 
up to the workers themselves 
to realise that the solution is 
not in the return of any govern¬ 
ment. Christian-Democrats, 
Social-Democrats are the two 
sides of the capitalist coin. 


The former social-democrat 
government had raised the 
hopes of many workers with 
slightly improved social servi¬ 
ces, a few 'socialist laws' and 
slogans like:—"We're gonna 
change this society!”. Now 
they have to realise that no real 

talism; the better conditions 
that the workers in Holland 
have enjoyed have not changed 
their position of being exploited just like the Tories and Labour 
in Great Britain. None of these 
parties want to abolish wage- 
slavery and the market eco¬ 
nomy. They both have to carry 
the task of helping capitalism 
restructure itself. 

Bestek'81 (just like phases 
1,11,111, etc . . . in GB, the 'plan 
Barre' in France and many oth¬ 
ers) is the way capitalism is re¬ 
structuring in this country. 

More than ever the only pos¬ 
sible alternative is to organize 
in allplaces of work-in fac¬ 
tories, in fields, and in local 
districts—the co-ordination of 
workers and working class 
people, fighting for workes auto¬ 
nomy in order to smash the sys¬ 
tem, its parties, and its unions. 

op ur 

of the hardships of raising children 
for the average 
family size to have 
shrunk to 1.7 

If “Why did 

' you have them, then?' 
is the only response to parent’s com¬ 
plaints about either low incomes or 
lack of relief from children, the logi¬ 
cal outcome is a steadily declining 
population produced by a minority 
of the rich or the exceptionally , 

self-sacrificing, while the majority are , , , ... . 

drones who accept .ha. .hey most for-, nMd f 

no renrod,inline f Ihev'.. h. free woraen lrom - Ihe heH of depen- 

the years when they are very young. 
Is it a crime toiiave children? Wiry 
must we think guiltily of ourselves 
as “irresponsible” or “immature” be¬ 
cause we rebel against the conditions 
in which we are expected to raise 

We need shared child-care in or¬ 
der to raise our children happily 
and successfully. Not just occasional 
evening “baby-sitting”, with eariy 
rising and a fatigue-wrecked day 
ahead of us, but weekends and holi- 




People accept that childraising must 
be a misery and a martyrdom. One 
correspondent commenting on the 
Sunday Times article advocates a 
period of living together and enjoy¬ 
ing life before getting married (ap¬ 
parently she associates marriage 

dency and low status. 


Some may be thinking “But people 
have raised their own children for 
thousands of years without* com¬ 
plaining. Now suddenly, in these 
hard times, you’re asking for free 

A lot of oppressions were endured 
and taken for granted, even by their 
victims, for thousands of years un- 

with children), and concludes prissily til they were dome away with -and 
“Marriage is for grownups”. A work- now we look back on them and 

ing class mother quoted in a Guard¬ 
ian article by Polly Toynbee says 
“It isn’t likely that they’ll (her 
children) have what they want later 
on , is it? Once they’ve got married 
and have kids it’ll be all uphill.” 

shudder. I hope that in fifty years 
shared child-care will be the rule, not 
the exception and people will look 
back on the oppression of parents in 
the isolated 20th-century family, and 


"Poverty and Family Planning" 
is the subject of a publication, 
now in the draft stage, to be is¬ 
sued next year by the Child 
Poverty Action Group (CPAG) 
together with the Family Plan¬ 
ning Association. (FPA). 

The latter's views are anti¬ 
working class and anti-single 
parent. They want to do away 
with large families and with out- 
of-wedlock births. 

They a c affiliated with the 
International Planned Parent¬ 
hood Federation, itself in close 
contact with the Planned Parent¬ 
hood World Population organisa¬ 
tion, whose members have op¬ 
enly advocated compulsory 
birth control of a type which 
would discriminate against poor 

continued page 4 

4 Bread and Roses Nov '78 

Thatcher’s Tame Scientists 
ProveGrapes are Sour 

j _i_1.1 . . ore a 1 fLVimir c\c\\l 



continued from page 3 

When Keith Joseph made his speech 
four years ago (headlined by one 
of the dailies as "Birth Control for 
the Lower Classes"), the FPA issued 
a weak dissent saying that they oppo¬ 
sed compulsion, but felt that social 
ckasses 4 and 5 (semi—and unskilled 
workers) should be able to avoid 
having more children than they could 


This "afford" approach always begs 
the question of why some afford 
more than others. It implies that 
it's only proper for those condemned 

by the class structure to a lifetime 

There are a lot of kids with single 
parents nowadays, and they must 
feet a bit left out by the Daddy- 
Mummy— Dick-and-Jane pattern of 
most children's books. 

A catalogue of books which por¬ 
tray one-parent families in a posi¬ 
tive light is available for 25p from 
the National Council for One-Parent 
Families, 255 Kentish Town Rd, 
London NW4 2LX. 

Why not get the list and suggest 
to your child's school or nursery 
school (the age range covered starts 
at 2), or to the library, that they 
include some of the books, if they 
haven't got them already. 

But in an unequal society, to sug- 
of unskilled work to suffer the further gest birth control as a social solution 

penalty of being poor. 

In other words, it implies that 
some people are inherently better 
than others. 

And that-whether or not it's 
linked in people's minds with col¬ 
our or ethnic group-is racism. 

to poverty, even in the most practi¬ 
cal, short-term spirit, is a policy rid¬ 
den with anti-working class feeling. 


After the “milk-snatcher” tag 
was attached to*Mrs Thatcher 
she asked the Department of 
Health to investigate the effects 
of withdrawal of free milk for 
junior school, and the Medical 
Research Council carried out 
the project. 

Surprise: they found the 
milk wasn’t needed anyway. 

In fact, says Professor Archie 
Cochrane who was a director 
of the Medical Research Coun¬ 
cil, “Now overnutrition is pro¬ 
bably a more serious problem. 
The money would be better 
spent on school books”. 

That’s why Britain isn’t a 
first-class power any riiore; it’s 
all those bloated kids. 


The EEC disagrees. It’s handing 
out free milk to about 2 mil¬ 
lion children of our poor back¬ 
ward nation, afflicted as it is 
by politicians like Thatcher. 

A Dutch survey (“School 
Milk and Intellectual Achieve¬ 
ments” by Defares, publisher 
Van Gorcum, 1967, cited by a 
doctor writing to the Times in 
response to the Medical Research 
Council story) also disagrees. 

But never mind, it’s probably 
a biased report produced by rav¬ 
ing socialists with an axe to 


I’ve heard rumours that the 
Medical Research Council study 
will be followed by further ob¬ 
jective scientific studies of social 
problems, including: 

-A study sponsored by the 
Council for British industry 
(CB1) which proves that work¬ 

ers working a 10-hour day 
live longer than those work¬ 
ing a 7-hour day. It’s true 
that the 7-hour workers were 
all given large doses of arsenic 
at the end of the study and 
died, but this isn’t considered 
statistically significant, be¬ 
cause a control group of other 
7-hour workers were also given 
arsenic, without being told 
the purpose of the experi¬ 
ment, and they died, too. 

*—A study by the Labour Party 
proving that unless average 
real incomes decline by 4 % : 
per year, at the end of 15 
years the earth will fall into 
the sun. Sorry but there’s no¬ 
thing anyone can do about 
this: see irrefutable proof in 
Graph A. 

*-A study which proves that 
by 1991 micro-electronics 
will have made everyone re¬ 
dundant except Fred Bloggs, 
who will then become ruler 
of the world, “and high time” 
(P.75) Pamphlet available 
from F. Bloggs Research 
Foundation, The Vicarage, 
“Sand Dunes”. Birmingham, 
95 p- 

Sometimes supporters of that policy 
claim that poor women are ignorant 
of family planning. According to E. 
Evason(CPAG Northern Ireland), 
Actually, Keith Joseph's speech used writing in response to the Joseph 


material from CPAG's magazine 
"Poverty" to make his point. 
Frank Field accused Joseph of 

misrepresenting the material, and 
wrote: "The Wynns' article shows 
that an increasing proportion of 
children is being born to young 
mothers and that many of these 
mothers are poor. The need there¬ 
fore to share more equitably the 
cost of raising our next workforce 
becomes even more-important. This 
was totally ignored by Sir Keith 
who went on to talk about the de¬ 
generation of the race." 

So why is CPAG now holding 
hands with the FPA ? 

Voluntary contraception avail¬ 
able to individuals to use in their 
individual lives is a most useful 

speech, the Wynns (who wrote the 
original article in "Poverty") " say 
that as poorer, less educated women 
are less receptive to family planning 
advice then it may be necessary to 
make women not poor and better 
educated in the future." It's cubbish 
to suggest that anyone could be un¬ 
aware of contraception, with FPA 
propaganda all over the place. Even 
if you're illiterate, once you have 
one child the hospital will be at 
you about your future contraception. 

As for "receptive", isn't that their 
own business? 


Behind the question of breeding and 
family rights lies the larger uglier 
question of inequality as it's pro¬ 
moted and upheld by the social sys- ■ 

Without the aim of a classless 

The Land should 

Thatching belong to Us! 

YEARS AGO Mrs Thatcher was 
not a boring old bag in Parlia¬ 
ment, but the wife of a crafts¬ 
man, she proably did as much 
useful work as Mr. Thatcher. 

It’s his work we are going to 
look at now, the old country 
style of putting a roof over our 

Pretty, yes, but didn’t it 
catch alight easily? Didn’t it 
blow away? What’s wrong with 
tiles? Well ... yes it could, it 
would and nothing’s wrong with 
tiles for keeping rain off. 


But the straw in thatched roofs 

did the job of today’s pricey 
rolls of fibre glass in keeping 
the heat in. What’s more, in 
summer, it kep the house cooler. 

That means food wouldn’t go 

up for trade union approval as pros¬ 
pective parliamentary candidates in 
society, middle-class people who wnat^g borough of Camden, with a high 
to "help the poor" are bound, des- "poor" population. 

pite the best of intentions, to end up 
in classist blind alleys like more 
birth control. 

Frank Field, CPAG's director, may 
be presumed to have political ambi¬ 

tions. His name was on a list of those the other? 

Think again, Mr Field. Who are 
your prospective constituents—poor 
families, or the middle-class chairty 
business, begging for us with one 
hand and cutting off out balls with 

Roof undergoing a fresh thatching. 

off so fast and you’d sleep better 
on a hot night. 

Fire safety 

They can treat straw so it doesn‘1 
burn at all easily (unlike your 
plastic kitchen tiles). So that 
worry’s out! 

And today we can—and do- 
keep it all ii) with chicken wire. 

In one piece, it’s too bloody 
heavy to blow away. 

What is difficult now is that 
the straw isn’t grown too long- 
short straw doesn’t fall over 
and lose the grain. Sensible 
idea when growing food but no 
comfort for the thatchers still 
in business. 

And that brings us back to 
Mr Thatcher while he’s support¬ 
ing ids wife while she helps con¬ 
trol our every movement by class 
class tyranny, there’s less peo¬ 
ple to do the job. 

Perhaps we will have to have 
courses on roof engineering 
at colleges. Of course they 
won’t be able to do it any bet¬ 
ter, but that’s progress! 

Bread and Roses Nov’78 5 


Whose Anti-Nazi League? 

~“—J t-. _ . - , , , , - , , r initiative ramp at timp nf tran¬ 

che fright ening 
stories below ure 
from the latest 
issue of S£h.RCII- 
LIGHT, The other 


Nazi parties men¬ 
tioned are nastier 
than the National 
Front o 

Kensington Library was again the venue for a 
meeting organised by the League of St. George, 
held on Satuday September 9. Local ratepayers 
might like to know that this open Nazi umbrella 
organisation ran true to form with an hour long 
film show, consisting of three short films from 
Hitler Germany. 

National Front member Jim McIntyre then 
showed a ten minute film on this years inter¬ 
national fascist rally at Diksmuide, Belgium, and 
spoke afterwards about the feeling of unity he 
found there and the glory of the Flemish members 
of the Waffen SS. 

Amongst the literature on sale were US army 
manuals on unconventional warfare and the 
manufacturing of incendiary devices which were 
sold out very quickly. Also available was a picture 
book called National Socialist Leaders and plaster 
cast busts of Adolf Hitler. 

The majority of the 120 or so participants were 
members of the National Front, but there were 
also members of British Movement (including 
Peter Marriner), the small British United Party, the 
National Socialist Party (UK), 

Dick Partridge who has been active in extreme- 
right wing activity in Rhodesia was also present, 
and full of talk about the strong possibility of a 
coup as the extreme-right gathers strength and 
influence in the forces. 

Another interesting participant was Eddie 
Morrison from Leeds, former leader of the defunct 
thug group, the British National Party, who is 
awaiting trial for assault. He was claiming that he 
had applied to rejoin the NF and had spoken to 
Tyndall who had indicated that he may well be 
readmitted in the near future. 

League leader, Keith Thompson referred to 
Diksmuide when he opened the meeting confirming 
what Searchlight has always claimed it to be: 
“Some people say it is a Nazi pilgrimage. Well it is”. 

continued page 10 

The Anti Nazi League could be said to be one of the success stor¬ 
ies of the decade. In less than 12 months it has flourished all 
over the country, it is quoted in the press and its opinions are 
sought by the media in a most flattering manner. In London 

initiative came at time of trau¬ 
matic defeats for the Labour 
and non-Labour Lefts at the 
polls. There was great dissatis¬ 
faction amongst the voters 

the ANL organised a Carnival that drew 80,000 people on to the and amongst t h e youth of the 

streets aad in Manchester 30,000 people attended another enjoy¬ 
able jamboree. Yet with all this success, its numerical strength 
and the arty names on the sponsoring list it is time we looked 
at the ANL quite closely. 

Essentially the ANL is an auth- 
oritian body. The Controlling 
Committee is self-appointed 
and co-option is made without 
reference to the membership. 
When the ANL held a confer¬ 
ence in July it was widely ho¬ 
ped that it would democratise 
the organisation. Instead it con¬ 
centrated on the expected gen¬ 
eral election. Any hope of a 
constitution to enable the rank 
and file to have a say in the run¬ 
ning of the AN L was lost. 

Now the intention is to op¬ 
pose the Front in its frantic 
scramble for electoral success. 
The only alternative the ANL 
puts forward is eternal social 

Immigration and Racism 
For the fascists the most useful 
plank in their platform is the 
racialist one. "An end to immi¬ 
gration and a start to repatria¬ 
tion." This is in many people's 
opinion the crowd puller. But 
we have to look hard before we 
find any realisation of this in 
the Founding Statement of the 
ANL. Indeed the only thing it 
says on the matter is, "The 

of the Trade Union movement 
into an arm of the state has 
been going on since the turn 
of the century at least, now 
there is no pretence of indepen- the lunatic fringe of fascism 
dence. .. 

country, with the existing in¬ 
stitutions of both right and left. 

With its simplistic formulas 
concentrating on a very narrow 
aspect of political fascism, it ig¬ 
nores the contribution of the 
existing social-democratic order 
to the growth of the fascist 
right. It makes scapegoats of 

This plus the Labour Party's 
record in using troops to beat 

for the misdeeds of the present 
politicians. The ANL has sought 
to confuse and deceive work- 

strikes, at least four times in ing class youth and the electorate 
the life of the present Govern- as a whole, when it calls for 
ment, give cause for great con- "the widest possible support", 
cern. The intervention of the What it is really calling for is 
British Nazis seek to make scape- Navy at Faslane, taken, accord- a popular front with the middle 

Happy farmer: Frank Arden in one of his granaries, between the golden 
riches of new grain and the silvery glint of his Rolls. 

goats of black people. 

There is no mention of the 
economic policies that caused 
people to vent their spleen on 
black people, or the racialist 
policies that set up black immi¬ 
grants as "scapegoats". If we 
are to combat fascism on a 
positive level an understanding 
of these matters is essential. 
Why does not the ANL answer 
the questions.? 

Politics and the Front 
The ANL sees the NF "emer¬ 
ging as a growing force in Bri¬ 
tish politics". They mention 

ing to the News Line, without class. 

Government permission poses This is an alliance between 
a threat that cannot be ignored, left and right on an agreed plat- 
All in all they point to a fascist form. Pre-war this led to disas- 
initiatvie at least as dangerous ter for the left in both Spain 

as the NF intervention in poli¬ 


Another aspect of fascism not 
touched on by the ANL is the 
threat of an army or service 
takeover. This is not as far¬ 
fetched as it looks. The defeat 
of the Heath Government in 
1972, by industrial action set 
many a middle-class heart beat- 

uoii jjlm iLiV/o . i iicy IIICIIIIUII m r 7 -- 

that "in London alone they (the In Panic, and it is common 

NF) received over 100,000 
votes. In some recent by-elec¬ 
tions they have pushed the 
Liberal Party into fourth place." 
This is an obvious cause for 
concern, especially for those 
Labour Lefts and Trots who 
founded the ANL last year. 

The NF have usually beaten 
the non-Labour Left at the 
polls and in one case (Mans¬ 
field) gave the Labour Left a 

Still it is surprising that no 
mention is made in the Found¬ 
ing Statement of the ever-pres¬ 
ent threat of corporatism in 
the policies of the Labour 
Party. The gradual conversion 

knowledge that at this time 
there was discussion amongst 
middle-grade officers regarding 
the prospect and desirability 
of an army putsch. However 
according to the observer the 
senior Officer chosen to lead 
them put cold water on their 
ideas. According to Time Out 
27-6—78 the spectre of an 
Army intervention is again rais¬ 
ing its head. This is modern fas¬ 
cism Videla style. 

The Anti Nazi League's Role 

and France. Will it be any bet¬ 
ter now? Will the bourgeoisie 
and the politicians, possibly 
the main instigators of a fasc¬ 
ist state, truly combat fascism? 
Yet this is what the alliance 
within the ANL would be about. ’ 
Combat and Answer 
If we wish to combat the men¬ 
ace of fascism we must find out 
the cause of the fascist support. 
We must look clearly at the 
role of the main political and 
economic institutions, including 
Parliament and the Labour 
Party, and explain the purpose 
these bodies have played in the 
present situation. 

We must put clearly our 
ideas for Workers Control and 
Workers Councils as alternatives 
in the fight against fascism and 
the fascist corporative state. 

We must clearly show that only 
when people have the responsi¬ 
bility for their own lives and 
the decision that effect their 
own lives will they truly be- 

The Anti Nazi League was foun- gin to fight capitalism, and we 
ded in November 1977 at the must not forget ourselves that 
instigation, or initiative of the fascism is only the militant 
Socialist Workers Party. This arm of capital. 

protested when denied bail. "IF I WAS A MEMBER 
jumped on, punched and dragged from the court. 

Once alone in a cell, he was badly beaten by the 

At the previous week's hearing Ronan Bennett had 
been beaten in court after he and Iris Mills (who had 
lived together before their arrest) had tried to kiss 
each other. 

These beatings are extreme examples of the treatment 
being given the six anarchists accused of, among 
other things, "conspiracy to cause explosions". The 
six are Ronan, Iris, Vincent Stevenson, Dafydd (Taff) 
Ladd, Stewart Carr, and Trevor Dawton. 


Although the last arrest 
was made at the beginning 
of July, the six have still 
not been committed for 
trial. Committal pro¬ 
ceedings are when the- 
prosecution have to show 
the magistrate that they 
have enough evidence to 
proceed to a trial. 

In this case, they're obvi¬ 
ously having a hard time 
getting it together'. 

In the meantime, five of 
the six are still held as 
Category A (top security) 
prisoners in Brixton. 

The sixth, Trevor Dawton, 
was released on bail at 
the remand hearing of 
September 28th, on two 
sureties of £10, 000. He 
has to live with his par¬ 
ents, report to the local 
police station every day 
and be at home between 
10 p.m. and 6 a.m. each 

It was at the same hear¬ 
ing that Vince Stevenson 
was refused because 
of "previous bad charac¬ 
ter", although the charges 
against him are similar 
to those against Trev, 
and although the police 
produced no concrete 

evidence to justify the 


Police have also 
harassed supporters 
and lawyers of the 
def endant s. A round the 
time of the arrests 
a large number of raids 
were carried out up and 
down the country. 

Some were no more than 
petty harassment, -others 
resulted in floorboards 
being taken up and rooms 

German friends of the 
accused have been ques¬ 
tioned by the police and 
in one case stopped, 
searched and photo¬ 
graphed at the airport. 


The prisoners have been 
subjected to arbitrary 
rules about visits and 
receipt of books and 
letters. Ronan and Trev 
have both served stints 
in "the block" for sup¬ 
posed breaches of 

Iris Mills, who for 2\ 
months was'the only 
woman in the prison, has 
been singled out for espe- . 
cially harsh treatment. 

At the beginning of her 
imprisonment she was 
denied visits for three 
weeks, even from her 
mother, and was 
allowed no association 
of any kind with other 
prisoners. She was held 
in a wing on her own, ac¬ 
companied at all times 
by three female prison 

In response to protests 
by the defendants and 
their supporters, she was 
finally allowed to watch 
television for two hours 
a day, to write to Ronan, 
and to visit him once a 
week for 15 minutes. 

These visits were held in 
a dirty room, 5 by 7 feet, 
in the presence of four 
warders. Iris had to pay 
for them by losing a social 
visit from an outside per¬ 
son on that day. 


When Iris was joined in 
Brixton by Khouloud 
Moghrabi the TV was 
taken away and the two 
women were allowed 
five hours a day associa¬ 
tion with each other. 

But as they could not 
speak each other's 
language it was almost 
impossible to commu¬ 
nicate . 

The arrest of Astrid 
Proll on September 8th 
gave the prison authori¬ 
ties yet another excuse 
for harassment of the 
female prisoners. 

Their association has 
been cut even further, 
as only two of the three 
are allowed to associate 
at any one time. 

This means that in a 
period of 2\ hours, the 
three women are arbi¬ 
trarily chopped and 

j u 

changed around, making 
it impossible for them to 
build up any kind of 


Visits are only allowed to 
one prisoner at a time and 
visitors are searched and 
made to sign in and out of 
the visiting room. Books, 
writing materials etc. are 
now only accepted after a 
prior application to the 










And Iris can no longer 
have her knitting or 
typewriter in her cell 
as she might use them 
as "dangerous weapons" 
against the warders. 

By contrast, male 
Category A prisoners are 
allowed to associate in 
groups of six upwards, 
have visits in the same 
room as three other 
prisoners, and are 
allowed books at the 
discretion of the 
accepting officer. 


group set up to support 

the six, believe that Iris' 
treatment is a deliberate 
attempt to break her. 

The group is mounting 
a special campaign around 
her conditions and those 
of the other female prison 
ers in Brixton. (See next 

For more information, or 
with offers of help, dona¬ 
tions etc., contact 
Persons Unknown at 
Box 123, 182 Upper St., 
London N1. 

Letters of solidarity to 
the prisoners can be sent 
to: Name and number 

Brixton Prison 
Jebb Avenue 
London SW2. 

Iris Mills 
Ronan Bennett 
Taff Ladd 
Stewart Carr 
Vince Stevenson 

DO 1993 
B 19617 
B 19792 
B 20185 
B 20621 

Bread and Roses Nov ’78 7 


Astrid Proll has been arrested 
by the British Police under the 
immigration laws and faces ex¬ 
tradition to a German high 
security prison. 

She was arrested in West 
Germany in connection with 
Red Army Fraction (R.A.F.) 
membership in May 1971 where 
she was tried but never senten¬ 

Between 1971 and 1974 
she was kept for two years in 
solitary confinement. In the 
silent wingjof Koehn Ossen- 
donf she was subjected to tor¬ 
ture by sensory deprivation- 
the removal of all normal condi¬ 
tions of lighting, movement, 
and sound for a total of four 
and a half months. 

She was released on tempor¬ 
ary bail in 1974 on the recom¬ 
mendation of doctors who sta¬ 
ted that if she remained in pri¬ 
son she would die. During her 
hospitalization she had to report 
daily to police. 

If she is extradited she has 
every reason to fear for her life. 
Her own experience and that of 
other R.A.F. suspects (3 have 
been found hanged and 2 shot 
in their cells) shows that she 
faces certain death in a West 
German prison:- 

National and international 
investigations have been insti¬ 
gated but these haven’t been 
answered satisfactorily by the 
West German authorities. 


During the four years she has 
lived in England as Anna Put- 
tick she worked first as a 


gardener in Hackney, and as 
a fitter’s mate in Lesney’s toy 
factory in East London. 

Then she trained as a car 
mechanic at Poplar skill centre, 
started a class in car mainten¬ 
ance for women, and when she 
was arrested, was working on 
a job creation project teaching 
mechanics toyoung unemployed. 

She has always been active in 
community issues, where she 
worked, and where she lived, 

She is a committed feminist 
and anti-racist. 

She has been under intense 
pressure for the past four years, 
having to hide her real identity 
and recover her health, after 
her ordeals in prison. Whilst 
attempting to piece together a 
new life for herself in England, 
she made many strong friend¬ 
ships, both through her work 
and socially. Her friends love 
her greatly and want her to live. 

We strongly urge every pos¬ 
sible support for her. You can 
support by joining the “Friends 
of Astrid Proll”. Come to dem¬ 
onstrations, pickets, discuss and 
urge support within your own 
groups, unions, organi sat ions et c. 

Write letters to newspapers 
to publicise Astrid’s situation. 
Send donations and letters of 
support. If you require any 
more information about future 
meetings and action, please 

‘Friends of Astrid Proll’ 

27 Clerkenwell Close, 

London EC 1R OAT. 

Tb e . teV rot ' st 
SA ua ° tVv e 





Black and afraid of being dep ?r- 
ted? Unemployed and afraid 
of being put in a labour camp? 
Old and afraid of being sent 
to the knackers? 

The remarks of some politi¬ 
cians nowadays can induce rav¬ 
ing paranoia in anyone. And 
paranois is hell; it means going 
round in a nightmare. You 
know that your fears must be 
exaggerated at least somewhat, 
but you can’t stop them domi¬ 
nating your life. 

Here are some ideas which 
[lave worked for me. 

1 — It’s no use telling yourself 
“it won’t happen”. Maybe 
it will. Some previously un¬ 
imaginable things have hap- 
oened in history. Anyway, 
you’re in no condition to as¬ 
sess probabilities. So accept 
that the worst might happen. 

2- Ask yourself “Do you sec¬ 
retly want it to happen? ” 

It might have practical advan¬ 
tages, or provide escape 
from more immediate pro¬ 

3- Do you hate feelings of basic 
unworthiness because of which 
you’re doomed to suffer? You 
can’t get rid of such feelings 
overnight, but you can de¬ 
tach them from your over¬ 
riding specific fear. The old 
bastard may have chosen some 
some other way of getting 

4- Remember, there are others 
in the same, boat-other 
blacks, claimants, old people, 
gays etc. And they’re not all 

“doomed” are they? They’re 
nice, ordinary, real people. 
They also offer the hope of 
solidarity in resistance. 


5- Remember that there’s al¬ 
ways light at the end of the 
tunnel. Look how far we’ve 
come since the days of sla¬ 
very, child labour, the work- 
house. The last big push to a 
classless, loving society may 
be just round the comer! 


Nine o'clock Tuesday, 
signing on day, better 
get up before I drop off 
again. Switch on the 
radio - same old drivel. 
Pick up a copy of the 
Daily Mirror, "Britain’s 
largest daily sale" its 
self-appraising subtitle. 

"Iron curtain pope 
elected" in bold type 
covering half the page. 
Unimpressed I flick 
through and as usual 
find nothing of interest. 


Time flies’. Better get 
down the unemployment 
benefit office before they 
cross me off their list. 
Left my signing-on card 
at home; a touchy c.s. 
gives me a piece of 
paper to write my name 
and address on. 

"Bring it next time, " 
the ominous warning I 
get as I turn to leave. 


Turn right into the Job 
Centre - devoid of 
humanoids except for 
three fierce-looking 
interviewers who look 
annoyed that I interrup¬ 
ted their gossip by 
slamming the door. 

Trying to ignore their 
hostile stares I notice a 
board headed "Today's 
vacancies" - shorthand- 
typist 100 wpm, suit 
18-year-old with O level 
Maths and English, 

LVs. Salary - £3237 
p.a. Sounds good; pity 
I can’t type 100 wpm and 
I haven't any O levels. 

"If you don’t see the job 
you require ask the 
adviser or drop in again 

tomorrow.” As I didn't 
want to interrupt their 
idle chatter I take the 
alternative and leave. 


"What shall I do today?" 

I mumble, kicking a 
brick that happens to 
be in my way. 

As I open the front door 
a pleasant sight greets 
my eyes - it must be 
the long-awaited cheque 
from the tax office, I 
swear, when I realise 
it's just another letter 
requesting me to forward 
my P45 and any details 
of tips at my last job as 
a commis waiter. 

I've already sent them 
bloody details’. What 
does one have to do to 
get an extra bit of cash 
these days? 


I rip up the letter in 
disgust and enter the 
bedroom I share with 
my younger brother; I 
wish he'd dress his 
bed once in a while. 

Go upstairs and see 
what kind of crap’s on 
the television (seems a 
good idea at the time). 
Adverts, poxy adverts, 
when’s the next 
programme on? 

Oh no I don't believe it. 
News at ONE, intro- . 
duced by Peter Sissons: 
"First iron curtain pope 
for 400 years". Sod all 
on the other side so I 
switch off. 

As John Lydon said: 
"There's no fun on the 

Peter Hughes 

8 Bread and Roses Nov’78 


" Nor will we dialogue with other 
left groups over the heads of ordi¬ 
nary people. These ‘lefties’ love ela¬ 
borate theories, histories of past 
revolutions (or even fascist coup 
d’etat) but do not offer ordinary 
people hope of a society they can 
run themselves. 

Dear Comrades, 

I was amused by your idea 
that ‘Bread and Roses’ should 
be a paper produced by the 
working class, for the working 

Although your paper is full 
of class rhetoric, in common 
with most anarchists you lack 
any real class analysis. From 
the way you write off every 
other socialist paper as middle 
class, 1 can only guess that 
you think the working class 
comprises merely low-paid, 
unskilled manual workers, and 
that the bourgeoisie comprises 
everyone else. 

Your paper which is part 
’"of the smiggle in th e field of 
ideology should expose these 
contradictions rather than 
imply, through a workerist 
conception of the working 
class, that they do not exist. 

But this is comparatively un¬ 
important as a criticism of 

submitted it. I forgot to go and 
get the tape back from ‘Bread 
and Roses’ or tell the editors 
that she didn’t want it to be 
used, and so consequently the 
tape was edited and the article 
went in. 

The article was maybe re- 
;resentative of a semi-stoned 
part of the conversation early 
one morning, but it hardly 
revealed any of the important 
aspects of their lives that related view, 
to how they began using drugs. 

I can’t agree with the assump- 
tion that you make-‘having 

on a 

something to believe in’ and 
‘continuing support’ is what is 


For them there is nothing 
better and continuing support 
is not enough: They don’t see 
our visition of a ‘better world’ 
This was one of the points I had 
hoped to bring out in the inter- 

Sincerely Sue Green. 

Dear Bread and Roses Collec¬ 

My apologies are due to the 
two women-Maggie and Lou 
(not Jean)-part of whose con¬ 
versation was reproduced in 
the second issue of ‘Bread and 
Roses’. It was my intention to 
record an interview with Maggie 
concerning her life history to 
try and show how people can 
easily become dependent on 

However, the interview was 
not made but, instead, Maggie 
and Lou themselves taped 90 
minutes of the questions I had 
devised and thei replies to them. 

‘Bread and Roses’ as a paper ‘for Maggie was not happy with 
the working class’. the tape and asked me to made 

Can a paper so badly written sure that it would not be used 

and so sloppily put together 
ever hope to reach further than 
the circle of anarchist afic¬ 
ionados who read all the other 
anarchist papers? Your article 
are abstract, confusing, or un¬ 

From your refusal of dialo¬ 
gue with other left groups and 
your desire to address the work¬ 
ing class I can only assume you 
are aiming to produce a mass 
paper with a circulation in five 
if not six figures. You will have 
to improve the layout First. 

I liked the price? 

Marshall Colman. 

We have cut this long letter to keep 
the points about the papers faults. 
M.C. does make a lot of other points 
^bout class analysis, but they are 
only meant for other academics, 
who don’t often read ‘Bread and 

Yes, the appearance is not 
polished, we’re not professionals, 
we will get better. But we will 
never turn out yet another paper 
for university libraries and the 57 
brands of socialist.. 

or the paper, after I had already 

pro-dog groupers which is rub- 
In Burnley, Lancs, dogs have been banned from many parks. Re- bish because of the issue invol¬ 
ved is much more serious than 

sistance to the ban has led to some dog-owners being arrested. 

Smug councillors, like Ms. M. Tomlinson, say in panic: — 
“Recently we have had the spectacle of ladies chaining themsel¬ 
ves to railings and maxing threats.” 

Not content with stamping out this “threat to democracy”, 
the council Mafia refuse to enter into discussion with the angry 
Pro-Dog Group. They have also tried to muzzle the local theatre 

A local resident writes: — 

Dear Friends, 

We consider our council to 
be akin to fascists, and we are 
trying out damdest to get rid 
of them. It is a fact that the 
council is monopolized by 
R.C’s and the mayor is a 

We have it on good author¬ 
ity that Burnley is being used 
as a test case in the dogban bye¬ 
law issue and that if the law 
stands it will be brought into 
force everywhere. 

The latest venture by the 
council is an all out effort to 
get rid of theatre mobile our 











merely the reinstatement of dogs AND BULL DOZE YOUR 

local theatre and arts groups. 
They have condemend their 
building as being unsafe (the 
council that is) which is bull¬ 
shit and have sacked two of 
their directors for alleged dis¬ 
crepancies as yet unfounded. 
The result is that 18 actors are 
now jobless. 

in the parks. 

Jim Petty, Burnley Anar¬ 
chist, was one of the people 
booked on Sunday for taking 
his dog in Scott Park. This was 
done simply because he is a 
known anarchist. If he is pro¬ 
secuted it will be a £20 fine. _ __ 

And don’t forget Mary Winter AND THE SHOTGUN NEST- 



the lesbian bus driver who was 
sacked for wearing a badge 
which contained the word les¬ 
bian. The authority was Burn¬ 
ley and Pendle Joint Transport 
and the reason given was that 
two members of the public 

t he pro-dtfg group mentioned found the word obscene. Yes- 
by the press are a group of naive terday 1 saw a driver wearing 
(with the exception of Frank 
Clifford) people who don’t 
know what they are about. It 
would seem that Burnley Coun¬ 
cil are classing everyone in op- 



a badge which contained the 
word god which I think is 
obscene so I have made a com¬ 
plaint. I am awaiting develop¬ 

In Solidarity, Eileen, Burnley 

Bread and Roses Nov ’78 9 



Letters, articles, 
enquiries about ACA 
membership, to any^f 
the following: 


I was somewhat shocked by the 
anger of the reply by Angus Mac¬ 
Donald to rhy comments on the 
article on the “Anti-People ' 
Movement” in the first issue 
(Bread and Roses, September). 

1 do not claim the world is 
overpopulated at present, but I 
do maintain there is a grave 
danger of it becoming so in the 
near future. This assertion is 
based not on “primitive super¬ 
stition” but on a scientific mater¬ 
ialist analysis of available facts. 

In order to feed itself, hum¬ 
anity needs 0.4 hectacres of 
land per head plus another 0.08 
hectacres for housing, roads 
and other needs. The amount of 
land it is possible to cultivate 
is some 3.2 billion hectacres. 

At present rate of population 
growth (2.1% per year) the de¬ 
mand for land will outstrip the 
supply by the year 2,000. 

Already, a third of the world 
is undernourished. Already, in 
India 140 babies in 1,000 die 
before they’re a year old from 
sickness caused by malnutrition. 
Even technologically advanced 
countries like Britain and the 
USSR cannot feed themselves. 

If there were a simultaneous 
failure of the harvest in both 
North America and the USSR 
there would be world famine 
on an unprecedented scale. 

There are real human probl¬ 
ems which demand real solu¬ 
tions, not romantic guft about 
humanity reaching the stars. An 
informed debate on how an An¬ 
archist-Communist society couldjl 
overcome these problems would 
be far more useful than the emo¬ 
tional outbursts of Comrade 
McDonald. Terr y uddeU 

Bob Prew 
13 Trinity Court 
Trinity Road 
Aston, Birmingham 


Jim Petty 
5 Hollin Hill 
Burnley, Lancs. 


Dave Carruthers 
53 Ormonde Ave. 
Glasgow G4 


Danny Jakob 
88 Speedwell House 
Comet St. 

London SE8 


Despite our article in the last 
issue of Bread and Roses about 
some of the occupational haz¬ 
ards of being Pope, we were as 
astonished as anybody at John 
Paul’s demise after just thirty 
four days. 

Maybe somebody is trying 
to tell us something? Anyway, 
we are pleased to report that the 
editors of Bread and Roses are 
still amongst-the quick. 


\/r>iir oroblems 

This is a new feature. Please write to it. .itherwjthyour problems 
or with ideas about others which have appealed here. 

Strictest confidence, of course. 

Dear Bread and Roses, 
l like your paper, it's got 
warmth and hope, and these 
are two very important things. 

However sometimes you over 
do the humour. I thought the 
article 'Contract on Pope' was 
awful. I'm not a catholic, but 
how can you joke about some¬ 
body dying? 

Remember, death will have 
the last laugh. Have you ever 
come face to face with death? 

I don't think you'd be able to 
joke about it if you had. 

My father died last year. 

It was a terrible, painful exper 


I remember when Kennedy 
was killed; I lived in America 

"relationship ON AN IN- 

go ahead and make the first 
move. Afterwards, be sure to 
tell her that you wouldn't 
have minded if she had done 
so-that way the word will get 
around that men don't feel the 
need to be "hunters" as much 
they did 10 years ago. 
BUT-if you're not much 
interested in a woman as an 
individual, and think it libera¬ 
ted to screw anyone within 

need someone in a dog-collar 
to tell you it's true. 

The members of A. C. A. cer- 

was killed; l uvea in Mine,, tainly aren't all Y°cngand -- 

and found it all so hypocritical, healthy, and- we*°P e J h *tin ng d(itance then you , e 

- — future we II have more to say hesitate, because she 

to the bereaved, sick, and old. pro bably would be put off. 

Old is beautiful! This doesn't seem to be the 

Bread and Roses, case with your present woman 
friend, however, so stop worry- 
Someone else wrote privately ing. 
to one of our editors (and has 
since give permission to print 

A wjman 
does not have to keep 
her mouth shut 

her womb open 

anarchist organisation 

the pretense that everyone was 
in mourning when most people 
didn't give a damn and even 
found it rather exciting. It gave 
you an excuse for talking to 
strangers. And all the gloating 
sympathy and prying into the 
bereaved family's feelings-dis- 

The only time I feel any 
twinge of grief over deaths 
reported in the paper is when 

e, pam ui exper- ^ m peop , e */,/«/ in 

ience for me. I am only just grad- ^ Z^ctmnhflike an earthqu, 
ually getting over it, but it is 

"I used to get boozed up, lose 
my inhibitions, then approach 
some woman friend in a direct 

permanent loss and there will 
always be an ache in my heart, 
even though it becomes duller 
with time. 

Religion has something to 
offer people who have lost some¬ 
body. Though your paper is 
hopeful in other ways, it has 
nothing to say to the bereaved,, 
the sick, and the old. It is very 
much a paper for the young 
and healthy. 

Or are you going to prove me 


Dear Ruth, 

Thankyou for your letter. 

Yes, the loss of someone we 
know closely as an individual is 
terrible. But it seems offen¬ 
sive when a powerful stranger 
like the Pope dies and the media 
tells that we're all supposed to 
be grief-stricken, S-MPL Y 

} *y conce Z P ,iT: n K J'T h nua k e way, like for instance slide 
a catastrophe i ' my hand U p the inside of her 

or by a particularly awful dis- M 

ease, etc. . Sometimes I got slapped, 

Even t, en i snc* 9 sometimes I got kissed. 

what you feel for s gut since I've come to realise 

to you. 

You say "Religion has some- I'm a male chauvanist pig I just 
You say, _ y can ' t bring myself to make the 

1 m a maic wiauvcn.ji . j 

can't bring myself to make the 
first move. — 

I have now fallen in love with 
a woman who is a political con¬ 
tact of mine. I think she likes 
me, but even if she does the 
conditioning that women mus- 
n't make the first move goes 

"Jack", who wrote the letter, 
hit the nail on the head in his 

thing to offer people who have 
lost somebody''. We're glad if 
it helps you. The reason anar¬ 
chists reject religion is that, 
even though its moral and phil-' 
osophical ideas are SOME¬ 
TIMES appealing to us, they're 
always presented as something 
we must accept because a par¬ 
ticular prophet, alleged to have 
supernatural powers, said so. mi me nan uu 
It's not the ideas, it's the author / as t sentence. Few women would 
ritarianism. be willing to risk the ego-blow 

If you're comforted by re- of rejection just to make a poli- 
ffecting that your father's per- tical point. Nor do most women 
sonality was unique and will believe that even a "liberated" 
live forever (indirectly-through man would respond to a wo- 
what you and others got from man's advances, 
him and can share)you, don't So if YOU HA VE A GOOD 

10 Bread and Roses Nov’78 

Markov’s Last Rights 


Georgi Markov was probably 
murdered to put an end to his 
exposure of corruption in the 
higher ranks of the Bulgarian 
Communist Party. 

He had even named the mis¬ 
tresses of leading CP officials 
over the air. His suspicious 
death highlights the repressive 
nature of the Zhikov Stalinist 

chist movement who spent 11 
years in prison under both the 
Fascists and the Communists. 
At the time of the Hungarian 
revolution of 1956, Kolev was 

One member of the group, Lju- 
ben Petrov, was quoted as saying: 
“I want to rouse the desire to 
fight for a democratic and egal- 
. , , itarian communism against the 

arrested along w.tli other Ana- Party and the Soviet Unfon „ 

militantv; inrliirlina i ^ 

Kolev was re-arrested in 1971 

Guigov died in internment. 

The regime has met stiff resis¬ 
tance from Bulgarian working 
people. In 1950 the enforced 
collectivization of agriculture 
met with armed opposition. 

chist militants including 
Vassev who died in 1958, poi¬ 
soned by his jailors two days 
before his release was due. 

But Thousands Still 

after the funeral of Penko Teofi- 
lov where he made a speech 
attacking the regime. He was 
sentenced to internal exile in 
the village of Petmogoli. In 
1974 after taking part in the 

I Inrlor ^ \4^l^^erection of a monument to the 

Ul lUvl O^Cflll IO IV/IVCrAnarchist guerilla Vasil Ikono- 
Kolev was again arrested in mov he was transferred to his 
1969 in connection with the 

regime. Out of a population of 
8 million, Bulgaria has some 
20,000 political prisoners (Soc¬ 
ial-Democrats, Maoists, Agrar¬ 
ians, members of national min¬ 
orities and Anarchists) impris¬ 
oned in labour camps and 
“psychiatric hospitals” or 
confined in internal exile. 

Conditions in the camps are 
terrible. A former inmate Ljud 

native village of Balvan. Here 

case of a group of young people he h ? s ,'° re P ort t0 , ,he P° lic f 

... _ rp.cnimrlv sinn ic nn v rurph' qi_ 

regularly and is only rarely al¬ 
lowed to visit his aged mother 

who were on trial in Sofia accu¬ 
sed of “Participating in an ille- ... . _ _ . 

gal group and spreading slander- wbo ln Sofia •” consider- 
ous assertions concerning the able fmanc ^ hardshl P- 
state and social order in the Kolev has been adopted as a 

People’s Republic of Bulgaria.” prisoner of conscience by Am- 
What they had done was dup- mesty International . 
licatc a pamphlet attacking the Earlier that year police rai¬ 
ded the homes of libertarians 
in Sofia, Pemik and other towns 
dents, workers, CP. members .and detaining 25 of them. Several, 
bread, with solitary confinement university officials. During their including Alexandre Nekov (a 
being usual for political prison- trial they protested against mai- railway worker) Atanas Kuceuv 
ers”. treatment and torture. They (a teacher) and Lubomir Djer- 

received 1 to 5 years in prison, manov (a mining technician), 
Kolev, who was tortured over a were imprisoned for five years 
28 day period, was imprisoned while others were interned, 
for a year. 

the Bulgarian Army and securi 
ity services. 


The very foundation of Bulgarian 
Stalinism is terror, against both 
its political opponents, espec¬ 
ially the libertarians, and against 
any voices of dissent within 
the CP. In 1949-50, 92,500 
members were expelled from the 
CP. One of them, the former 
Deputy Prime Minister Traicho 
Kostov, was brought to trial 
where he created a sensation 
by repudiating his false confes¬ 
sion. He was executed, sharing 

Don’t mention 


mil Minew described them thus: regime from a libertarian view- 
“food twice a day consisted of point and distribute it to stii- 
watcry soup and 100 grams of 


Among the prisoners in inter¬ 
nal exile is Christs Ko.lev. a 


to Bulgarians! 



There have been two attempts at 
military coups to set up a re¬ 
gime independent of Moscow- 
one in March 1961 and another 
in April 1965 involving the com- the fate of many Anarchists 
mander of the Sofia military and Syndicalists who perished 
garrison, two other generals at the hands of the Communists, 
and several other high ranking Some of Bulgaria’s political 
officers and security specialists, prisoners have been in jail for 
So worried were the Russians as long as 20 years with periods 
by the second coup that Suslov, of solidarity confinement of 6 
a member of the CPSU central years not being unusual. They 
commit Lee, was sen bio purge - T fe.spcmtHv n ee d on l help: - 

ANOTHER NAZI NUTTER continued from p 

Short was better known in another role in 1969 
when he, along with two others, was found guilty 
of arson against the local synagogue and received a 
suspended prison sentence. 

Short had a strong involvement with the occult 
and when he first moved to the London area 
visited one of the leaders of Column 88, Leslie 
Vaughan, and attended celebrations where an 
occult temple was set up to celebrate Hitler’s 
birthday. One of the people Short used to claim as 
his “inspiration” was Peter Greenslade, a fanatical 
Nazi and it is claimed, a warlock, who celebrated 
occult rights at Stonehenge during Hitler cele¬ 
brations. In Nazi circles Greenslade is also known 
as the Mentor of Front Fuhrer Tyndal. Another 
practitioner of the black arts with whom Short was 
involved was David Myatt who had something of a 
reputation for sacrificing cats. 


Nowadays when people are so 
conscious of the threat of fasc¬ 
ism and disagree about whether 
the National Front should have 
free speech, you sometimes 
hear the expression "extrem¬ 
ists of left and right". 

it's convenient for bosses 
and bureaucrats, and those of 
conservative views generally, 
to lump people like us together 
with fascists. 

So / want to point out the 
ways in which anarchist extrem¬ 
ism differs from fascist extrem¬ 

When people attack anarch¬ 
ism, whether in a hostile or 
sympathetic spirit, their argu¬ 
ments always boil down to the 
same thing- "Anarchism is a 
beautiful ideal but it won't 

There woult^be chaos. No one 
would do the dirty work, or 
indeed any work. People would 
run around murdering raping 
and looting. You have to have 
bosses because people are un¬ 

Anarchism demands too 

much of human nature, they 
say. People aren't that good. 

We know all to well that fas¬ 
cism "works". It's "working" 

in several countries of the 
world today, and has "worked" 
in other countries earlier in this 

People work very hard indeed 

under fascism. They don't run a- 
round murdering etc. unless 
they happen to be in uniform 
and licensed to do it legally. 

They know they're not as good 
as the bosses. 

We know all too well that 
"human nature" is capable of 
putting fascism into practice. 

Fascism is attainable—but who 
wants to attain it, except the 
sick fascists themselves? 

No one says that anarch¬ 
ism's aims of freedom and mutual 
aid are bad in themselves, 
only that they aren't practical. 

We dispute the charge of im¬ 
practical ity, of course—but 
it's not all that unflattering 
to have your ideas labelled 
"too good for this world". 

The aims of fascism, on the 
other hand, are regarded by 
most people as ugly and repell¬ 
ent in themselves. 

No one has ever said that 
fascism is too good for this 
world, and no one ever will. 

This argument could be use¬ 
ful the next time you hear the 
usual crap "extremes of left 
and right". 

Bread and Roses Nov ’78 11 

Close Encounters 
of the FORD Kind 

The Ford Strikers hit out directly at the government, and at their 
own arse-licking unions, by saying ‘stuff the fucking five per cent’ 
Their ‘Ford (UK) combine’ of workers not held back by bur¬ 
eaucrats has put in months of work to make possible a success¬ 
ful result of the strike. 

We sjmke to one of the work- “Ford workers have dug in- 
ers about their militant demands: many have said “Goodbye, and 


“The Rank and File group has 
been campaigning since April 
against any percentage increases 
in wages for a flat increase. The 
demand is “£20 on the pay, an 
hour off the day’’ with no 
strings attached. 

“The demand has been leaf- 
letted on shop floors across 
the country, and at conference 
the strike was made official- 
in spite of opposition from the 

have a happy xmas” We’ve had 
radio opinion polls making us 
out to be greedy workers. No 
mention is made of the declin¬ 
ing worth of our wages. Our 
working week has to be 48 
hours to make up for that. That 
means fewer jobs are available. 

“Others knock us for com¬ 
ing out before the last agree¬ 
ment expired. 

Well, we did—and workers 
must Fight or they’ll go down. 

“The existing agreement with We feel that if more don’t fight 

Fords ran out on October 25th. 
In advance the company put 

government wage controls then 
the authorities will be able to 

Stuff the 5 per cent 

on their 5% offer. People felt 
insulted, and they walked out 
at Halewood, Swansea and South¬ 
ampton. That was on the Thurs¬ 
day, the next Friday the union 
bureaucrats agreed to negotiate 
and smooth things over. 

“The strike was made most 
effective with the blacking of 
components and spares from 
the continent. Both seamen 
and lorry drivers are supporting 

Several million of us live in 
London. It’s miles to get into 
the country from the City but 
it might take only a couple of 
hours to hitch out twenty 
miles. Trains will cost you 
£1.50 or more. Return is simi¬ 
lar to single fare. 

Box Hill is about twenty 
miles out of London. There 
are trains from Victoria and its 
on the main road to Dorking. 

From Burford Bridge, a 
steep climb takes you up to the 
top. The chalky hill is covered 
on this side with some grass and 
a lot of yew trees. 

If you’re really idle youa 
needn’t climb, but can rest near 
the main road by the river Mole,, 
fall in if you like. For the more 
energetic, Box Hill is just a 
small part of the North Downs 
and it’s pleasant to wander on 
to Redhill, many miles to the 
East. Just watch you don’t fall 
down the cliffs of Betchwork 
quarries (a lime works). The 
main path is part of The Pilgr¬ 
ims’ Way. 

Bvt a lot of you will just 
want to eat your nasty sand- 


The last two issues of Bread and Roses have had ideas for short, cheap holidays. It’s 
now a bit cool for some of these holidays and we’re going to give ideas for “Days in 
the Sticks”. Like with the holidays, the editors will be glad to use any “Days in the 
Sticks” you can write for us. 

Don’t fall over the quarry cliffs. 

control us more and more— 
from cradle to grave. When 
will it end? Phase 14? Or will 
it never phase out? 

“Ford workers will not re¬ 
turn to work until there is a 
settlement. There’s no question 
of further action. We can’t 
discuss it away from work. 

But no-one would want to oc¬ 
cupy the factory at Dagenham; 
it’s a horrible place and we 
wouldn’t last long there! ” 

Well, there’s plenty of space 
for all of this. Further, it’s pos¬ 
sible to get a really fine view 
across the Surrey Weald to 
the South Downs. 

l^tjs ^<pp e [ v ou do n’t have 

throw at each other and stain a wet W* r f n ’. , ;™ ber ,he 
your clothing (or perhaps eat). °P° f the h '» f we '? 

Or you may just want to find a °" c f the battleground for the 
quiet place to roll-up a joint MoUs and Rockers m the mid- 
and sink into a relaxed state. sixties. Very quiet now. 

INCOME TAX 1978-9. 

Surname (Block capitals only) 

Fjdj.Gr ..... 

Forename(s) A,n.nS. .. 

.C>.TH £•/?.. 


A recent Anarchist Communist 
Association conference rejected 
one comrades idea of changing 
the name of the paper from 
Bread and Roses to Some Hope. 

The comrade concerned says 
he lives in hope of persuading 

At least we were all agreed 
that we wanted to produce some- many other things. 

thing quite different from An¬ 
archy, Zero, Libertarian Com¬ 
munist, Socialist Challenge and 
so on. 

We want a paper by the work¬ 
ing class for the working class. 

If you agree, we welcome your 
participation in this paper, even 
if you disagree with us about 

this paper 








I walked from the city 
into the browns and greens 
the peace and the beauty 
of the country 

I walked deep within a forest 
inhaled the scented fragrance 
of the many-hued blossoms 
of freedom 

I walked to the beach 
and watched and listened 
to the sublime beauty 
and the soporific melody 
of the ocean 

I walked to prison 
and saw no beauty 
inhaled only the dejected scent 
of loneliness and despair 
^ and listened to the silent sorrow 
of Man-kind 

I walked no more... 

Normy The Scrubs 

Other (delete a s ap p licab l e -. . . 

.Age ^7 

Date of Birth Yzshrlty .. 

I have read the conditions 
attached to being a citizen of 
the United Kingdom. I hereby 
give all power to Her Majesty's 
government to take one third 
of my wages and spend them 
on: — 

* Buying tanks to kill people 

* Buying aeroplanes to kill 
more people 

* Running armed forces and 
policemen to stop anyone 
enjoying themselves. 

* Running schools to make our 
children as moronic and sub¬ 
missive as myself. 

*Subsidising British Leyland 
to foul the air and run us 
over on the streets. 

I know it makes sense. 

Signed . .Dat 

The Machines are 


Touch of Class at 

The. scab waiter had come 
out onto the pavement in 
front of Garners Steak 
House and was arguing, 
heatedly with pickets. 

"Why should you be loyal 
to them?" 

picket. "They just regard 
you as a servant." 

"No, I am not a servant'. 

I have never been a ser¬ 
vant, never'." 

Then a manager strode 
out and hustled him away, 
saying "Don't talk to the 
dirty dogs." 

-- bribe -—.. 

The scab waiter had gone 
to work for Gamers a 
week earlier, after a long 
search for a job. "When 
you are looking, you look 
everywhere," he said. 

Another manager present 
had previously belonged to 
the T&GWU but had left 
when the strike started. 
The owners had bribed 
him with a lump sum of 
£10. Not ten pounds a 
week. Just ten pounds. 

"I sell my principles 
cheap, " he said wryly. 


John works on the production 
line in the trim section of the 
Paint and Trim Assembly plant 
at Dagenham. He's been there 
for 3 years. 

He works an average of 45 
hours a week, of which 5 are 
overtime. He works 2 weeks 
days, 2 weeks nights. About 
90% of the workforce are on 
varying shifts like this. 

“You get time-and-a-third for 
working nights, but it doesn’t 
compensate for the social cost 
of it.” 


"It's boring, it's repetitive. It 
doesn't create an incentive at 
all. You are repeating the same 
operation 2 or 3 hundred times 
a day, doing the same physical 
movements, you know. It produ¬ 
ces a lot of stress, because you're Workers having freedom? Hav- 
not given any choice of what to ing jobs that they like? Being 
do or when to do it. creative? Making decisions? 

“My job isn’t as bad say, as John doesn't think that mass 

likes it.” 

“you haven’t got any kind of 
freedom to organize the job, to 
decide the job to do, or . . . the 
kind of job it is in itself.” 



ftff s 





in the paint shop, where the 
He feels that the 35-hour week level of noise ... the fumes 

from the solvents of the paints 
and the heat makes it really un- 

This manager, I was sur¬ 
prised to learn, belongs to 
the union sponsoring the 
strike, the Transport & 
General Workers Union. 

He had been hired aws 
from another restaur: 
the day before. 

He was mistaken. 

demand is at least as import¬ 
ant as the wage demand, for 
social reasons, but that it isn't 
"getting tfTe p utfficrty ftsno ! 
because “they see money as 
the first need. But it’s got to 
be linked with the number of 
hours per day worked for it to 
be useful.” 

He would like to have 
more creative job that would be 
useful to society.” 

But surely some workers 
must like working there? 

“No, I don’t think anyone 

production is necessary. “Tech¬ 
nology is being used for the ad¬ 
vantage of the bosses, and pro¬ 
duction is organized only to 

rofit as pos- - 

“They just need men bec¬ 
ause up to now they haven’t 
been able to supply machines 
to do the jobs that people do 


case of the restaurant 
manager) authority's 
belief that they can carry 


gy and obedience - to sell. 


Typeset by Rye Express (TU) 204 Reck ham Rye, SE22 OLU. 

t get just £10 for 

his principles. 

He also got a 
m managerial job, 
f the only thing 
between him 

and the "underclass" It's the "underclass" who 
(as one researcher really have only their 
has put it, referring labour power - their ener 
to their mark¬ 
edly poorer health) of 
unskilled workers, who 
suffer not only poverty 
but also low status. 


There's a theory dear to 
Marxists that all those 
who live on wages or sal¬ 
aries are working-class 
because they have^only 
their labour power to sell. 

But the higher grades of 
employees are also sell¬ 
ing their skills, qualifica¬ 
tions, or merely (in the 

Printed by I eb-Fdge 01-739 1870 

hours) and more obedience 
than it demands of the 
"valuable" workers. 

We say that everyone 
should have the right to 
acquire and use skills 
and knowledge; that 
everyone already has 
the capacity for res¬ 
ponsibility, and should 
have the right to use it, 
through shared decision¬ 

Until we smash hierarchy, 
and the myth that people 
are unequal, we'll never 
smash poverty and 
exploitation. And union 
membership will count 
for little against a bribe 
of £10 plus middle-class 

For further information phone 01-240-1056. Fund-raising 
ideas, messages of support, donations etc. should be sent to 
Gamers Steak House Strike Committee, Room 84,12/13 
Henrietta St., London WC2. 


And because of that, cap¬ 
italism demands of them 
even more energy (longer 

What's it 
like in a 

FIRST, I’ve got to admit that I don’t really know too much about the theory of co-operatives 
although I do work in one. 

There are a number of views of what constitutes a co-op but I suppose most of them have the 
idea that people in a co-op work together, on an equal status basis, without the need for a boss 
(what need?) and that if there are some parts of the work that are less liked than others, then 
everyone takes an equal turn at them on a rotation system of duties. 

The other points are that co-operatives are responsible for their own decision making and that 
members all have a right to vote on an equal basis. 

Other co-ops also include the idea that people should receive equal pay (so long as we use a 
money exhcange system). 


I’m sure that I’ve missed a 
fair bit out but I’m sorry if 
I have; perhaps someone else 
could give us more informa¬ 
tion on what co-operatives 
are. Anyway. . . . 

At the moment I’m work¬ 
ing in a motorcycle despatch 
co-op. I think it’s the only 
one going at the moment, so 
go out and start your own 
(or take over in your present 
job). This co-op doesn’t fit 
all the descriptions, of a co¬ 
operative but it is definitely 
not a normal business enter¬ 

In our co-op there are fif¬ 

teen. riders, in theory (ex¬ 
plained later),'and two van 
drivers. (Then there are three 
drivers really because two of 
the drivers prefer to work 
part time and so take it in 


This co-op began about a 
year ago when four or five 
people who worked for some 
of the larger despatch com¬ 
panies, finally got pissed off 
with handing over 35-40% of 
their earnings to someone 
who sat in an office who not 
only took the money they 
worked for, but also made 

their work decisions for them 
and reserved (as all bosses 
do) the exclusive power to 
hire or fire people. 

The co-op started without 
any money. Most businesses, 
so I’ve been told, need quite 
a bit of money to start and 
many don’t survive without 
the say of a bank manager 
and a permanent bank over¬ 

However, this co-op did 
have the advantage that the 
original members had con¬ 
tacts with various businesses 
(which were willing to give 
some of their despatch work 
to the new co-op). 



When it first began the vari¬ 
ous jobs involved in the 
running of the co-op were 
shared. People took it in 
turns to do riding, to answer 
the phones for the jobs and 
with the administration, i.e. 

Since then there has been 
a degree of specialisation. 
For instance one person now 
does most of the accounting 
because he is particularly 
good at this. 

The same applies to the 
person who is known as the 
controller (what!) who 

attempts to answer three 
phones at once and distribute 
jobs to the riders (at various 
points around London at 
various times of the day), on 
as equal bhsis as possible 
whilst attempting at the same 
time to provide an efficient 
service for the businesses that. 
ask for our services. 

This is about the only kind 
of specialisation that exists 
and this is not total. For in¬ 
stance the person who does 
most of the accounts is out 
most of the time of most 
days doing the same motor¬ 
cycle despatch work as every¬ 
one else. 

continued on page 2 

2 Bread ar.d Roses 


from p. 1 

The controller is controller 
in terms of allocating the des¬ 
patch work. The term coor¬ 
dinator would be morer apt 
since we are all free to turn 
down jobs which we don’t 
want (for instance I hate 
multiple-city drops) though 
this doesn’t happen very 
often arid usually there is an 
element of choice involved. 

The person who works at 
co-ordinating is able to pre¬ 
dict (knowing individual 
riders well enough, traffic 
conditions, time of day and 
usual speed of particular 
workers) where they will be 
at any one time and to allo¬ 
cate work accordingly. (In 

This power is given to this 
person because he is the only 
one with access to the know¬ 
ledge of all the jobs available 
and the whereabouts and 
availability of the riders and 


Every two, three or foui 
weeks or so we meet after 
work for collective decision 
making. As I wrote those last 
three words I realise that al¬ 
though they are accurate 
they don’t describe the luna¬ 
tic chaos of our meetings. 

Some don’t look forward 
to them because we’re pretty 
tired by the end of the day 
but the meetings are also 
usually really funny since 
there are so many clowns in 
one room at the same time. 

We have a meeting when¬ 
ever we need and want to 
and when someone is suffi¬ 
ciently motivated to put up a 
piece of paper asking for con¬ 
tributions for discussion. 
Then you write up whatever 
you want talked about and 
we attempt to deal with the 
topics in the order which 
they are written up. 


The kind of topics which 
tend to crop up are: 

- money, should we charge 
more? (We are very cheap) 

- early mornings (we have a 
rota system for being avail¬ 
able for work earlier than 
usual one day a week and 
quite often people aren’t 
early when they should be 

- reliability we can’t pro¬ 
vide an adequate service if 
we don’t have enough 
people turn up for work 
and many of us-including 
myself-are not as reliable 
as we should be. 

The fact that this is a regular 

topic is a clear sign that this 
is not working properly. 


Recently I put forward the 
idea of a three or four day 
week for those who wanted 
to work less. This received a 
mixed reaction. A clear 
majority of people were in 
favour of this and wished to 
work a four-day week every 
other week but there was 
concern that this would 
damage the service we pro¬ 
vide (and lose us our jobs), 
especially since we are still 
suffering from people not 
being available for work 
when they should be. 

(I should mention that we 
have no limitation on holi¬ 
days. We do have a sheet on 
which we book days off, 
preferably a week in advance 
but again, not everyone does 

Also it is possible to go 
away for a few months, 
India, America, Wormwood 
Scrubs, etc., and not lose 
the job. But we do have to 
wait until there is a place to 
fill in the co-op before 

However, the point I make 
is that a shorter working 
week might deal with absen¬ 
teeism in that we just make it 
predictable and build it into 
the system. 

This necessitates one or . 
more people joining to be 
available for these day and I 
am supposed to be showing 
how this will work on paper 
for the next meeting. Some¬ 
one else is working in a 
vaguely similar scheme so it 
looks like we are in for a long 
meeting sometime in the 

The way to work a shorter 
working week is to have the 
required person-power avail¬ 
able on a more predictable 
basis than we have at present. 


The co-operative was not set 
up for overtly political 
reasons and does not run on 
very consciously political 
lines. I don’t think we have 
ever agreed, on a political 
basis, who we are willing to 
work for and who not, 
though someone suggested 
that if we ever get a delivery 
to the National Front, that 
we only deliver if it’s a 

There is however some 
degree of commitment to the 
co-op and some awareness of 
the need of collective respon¬ 
sibility for the co-op of 
which we are all a part. For 
instance we can’t afford to 
pay ourselves all that we earn 
as we earn it. 


The banks don’t give over¬ 
drafts to working hippies 
who run a business that looks 
unfamiliar and unreliable to 
them, so that although our 
earnings are quite good, we 
can’t afford to pay ourselves 
what 4, we^ earn each week. 

So we 'try and take out 
little as we need each week 
(this varies from individual to 
individual and from week to 
week and since there is no- 
one checking up this relies 
on trust), in order to live and 
still enjoy life. If someone 
leaves they are paid back at 
about £50 a week or 


(11) Members of the clerical staff will provide their own pens, 
and a sharpener is available on application to Mr. Rogers. 

(12) Mr. Rogers will nominate a Senior Clerk to be responsible 
for the cleanliness of the Main Office and the Private Office. 
All boys and Juniors will report to him 40minutes before 
prayers and will remain after closing hours "for similar 
work. Brushes, Brooms, scrubbers and soap are provided 
by the owners. 

(2) This firm has reduced the hours of work, and the clerical 
staff will now only have to be present between the hours of 
7 a.m. and 6 p.m. on weekdays. 

(3) Daily prayers will be held each morning in the main office. 

The clerical staff will be present. 

(4) Clothing must be of a sober nature. The clerical staff will 
not disport themselves in raiments of bright colours nor 
will they wear hose unless in good repair. 

(5) Overshoes and top coats may not be worn in the office, but 
neck scarves and head wear may be worn in inclement 

(6) A stove is provided for the benefit of the clerical staff. 

Coal and wood must be kept in the locker. It is recommended 
that each member of staff bring four pounds of coal each day 
during the cold weather. 

I (7) No members of the clerical staff may leave the room without 
the permission of Mr. Rogers. The calls of nature are 
permitted and must be kept in order. 

1 (8) No talking is allowed during working hours. 

(9) The craving of tobacco, wines or spirits is a human weakness 
and as such is forbidden to all members of the staffs. 

(10) Now that the hours of business have been drastically 
reduced the partaking of food is allowed between 11.30 
and noon, but work will not on any account cease. 

(13) The new increased weekly wages are as hereunder detailed: 
Juniors Boys (to 11 yrs) l/4d., Boys (to 14 yrs) 2/1., 
Juniors 4/8., Juniors Clerks 8/7., Clerks 10/9., Senior 
Clerks (after 15 yrs with the owners) 21/0d. 

In terms of business we 
on a pretty solid capitalist 
ground, we have to turn 
down about six accounts 
every week because we prefer 
not to grow any larger (what 
need?). Instead we prefer to 
concentrate on improving 
our reliability. The demand 
for us only illustrates the 
room for other motorcycle 

One thing our co-op shows 
is that you don’t need a PhD 
in politics to be actively in¬ 
volved in rearranging your 
working life. 


)ur existence shows that co- 
iperation is only a matter of 
imple commonsense. It’s a 
iity that such co-operative 
vorking is a rarity and opera- 
es in such an insanely 
omnptitive nrnfit-motivated 

What's it like 
the female majority in a 
workplace "represented" 
by a male-dominated trade 
union, with a boss who is 
not only a capitalist but 
a self-confessed sexist 
pig also? 

Maybe you know all too 
well. Anyway, a member 
of ACA will be writing 
about it for the next issue.^ 

The owners recognise the generosity of the new Labour 
Laws, but will expect a great rise in output to compensate 
for these near Utopean conditions. 


Dispatch rider available for 
nominal (petrol etc.) charge 
or possibly free for fast 
communication, for delivery 
of socialist/anarchist/feminist 
mags or papers, or communi¬ 
cations on demonstrations, 
riots, revolutions etc. 

Ring Dave (579-7196). 

Bread and'Roses 3 

producing a news bulletin 
for your place of work? 
Chances are you haven’t. 

Yet it might be easier than 
you think, and there are 
good reasons for doing so. 

Most people think of 
NEWS as something that 
happens “out there”, 
something you read about 
in the Daily Mirror or see 
on the telly. 

And yet there is an awful 
lot of news that never gets 
reported on the telly or in 
the popular press. 

Some of it is news of 
widespread interest that 
bloody well ought to be 
reported, but isn’t because 
it doesn’t suit the people 
who control the press and 

Some of it is news of more 
particular interest to a small 
group of people. 


“ bulletin. Make sure it IS 
a scandal sheet. 

If people’s eyes are popping 
out of their heads, recognising 
in print the truth that was 
until then only whispered, so 
“much the better! 

Also of course make sure 
it’s funny as well as scancjal- 
ous. People should burst* 
out laughing when they read 

Of course it’s going to get 
into the hands of the man¬ 
agement sooner or later, even 
if you don’t actually give 
them a copy. And they 
aren’t going to laugh. 

So, when they start trying 
victimisation, it is important 
to insist that the bulletin is 
a collective effort. 

How Many? 

Of course the bulletin really 
should be a collective effort. 
But if you wait to start it 
until all the workers are 
enthusiastic about the idea. 

these kinds of news that 
Angela Rippon doesn’t give 

Scandal Sheet 

I was involved for a time in 
the Malvern Construction 
workers bulletin Workers 
United. While it lasted it was 
certainly worthwhile. 

That name arose from two 
things-one, the hackneyed 
(but true) slogan “The 
workers, united, will never 
be defeated”. 

i The other, the fact that 
most of the workers were 
keen football fans (and 
players) and it was a good 
way of emphasising that it 
was the workers united, not 
the company, which was 
our team. 

Our bulletin was a night¬ 
mare for the management. 
The Construction Manager 
referred to it as “that 
scandal sheet”. 

Of course it was a scandal 
sheet. It made detailed accu¬ 
sations of corruption against 
the Construction Manager, 
for instance! 


So that’s one piece of advice 
I would give to anyone think¬ 
ing of starting a workplace 



In practice the number of 
people who have to be in¬ 
volved in producing the 
bulletin depends on the size 
of your workplace, and its 
particular circumstances. 

I was on a building site 
with a maximum of 20 
workers. Just three of us 
started the bulletin. Still, 
that made it a “collective” 

And if you have some 
really good workmates (as I 
did) then even those who 
weren’t involved in producing 
the bulletin to begin with 

win tell the management 
“Yes, that’s right, we’re all 
responsible for it”. 

“Rank and File” 

We had one bloke on the site 
who was a member of the 
Socialist Workers Party. He 
was a bloody good bloke but 
a bit too party-minded. 

His first contribution to 
the bulletin was at a union 
meeting on the site when he 
proposed changing the name 
from Workers United to 
Rank and File Building 
Workers Bulletin ! 

He obviously wanted to 
give the impression that we 

in which the SWP are 
aeavily involved. 

Fortunately everybody 
thought it a terrible name, 
so we remained clearly 

(It should be mentioned 
that when we got into a 
showdown with the manage¬ 
ment the SWP, the Anarchist 
Communist Association, and 
many non-aligned workers 
supported us, which is more 
than could be said for the 
‘International Marxist’ 
paper Socialist Challenge.) 

How to Begin 
We produced our bulletin 
on a photocopying machine. 
As it happened one bloke 
knew somebody who could do 
it for nothing, but, even if 
we’d had to pay, 20 copies 
wouldn’t have cost all that 

Photocopying has the 


WELL, HERE WE ARE again. Thought you'd heard the 
last of us, eh? That'll be the day! 

We've got to admit we haven't been bringing out a 
monthly. But to be perfectly honest, even some of us 
didn't believe we would. (Sorry subscribers.) 

If we told you how many people started this paper, 
and how much money we had, you would have to 
agree that bringing it out at all comes in the same 
category as that funny business about the loaves and 
the fishes. 

Having already worked miracles, if we only had 
another twenty activists we'd start thinking about a 

Mind you, after Bread and Roses had been coming 
out weekly for a time we would have to suspend 

publication temporary, before going dairy. (To take 

we would have helped to bring about. v «»“ - - - 1 ' 

ccnstructTom C.C 



- 348 

i I ___ __ _ 

er to reproduce cartoons and 
so on than it is with duplicat¬ 
ing. Still, a lot of local 
libraries will do electro¬ 
stencils for you cheap. 

But the most difficult bit 
about getting started is 
neither the cost of produc¬ 
tion nor how to produce. It 
is simply sitting down to 
write. You can always sort 
out the details of production 

So why don’t you sit down 
now and write something 
about your place of work, 
addressed to the people you 
work with? You can just 
show it to a few of them to 
begin with if you like, and 
you don't have to call it 
a “bulletin”. The future 
begins here! 

Dear Comrades Across 
the Waters, 

We really liked the paper. 
We hope our Federation can 
put out a publication in 
similar style. The content 
is excellent. None of this 
hemming and hawing around 
theoretical matters, straight 
talk about day-to-day 

In solidarity, 

Mark Kaufmann 
for the Prairie Anarchist 
League, affiliate of the 
Anarchist Communist 
Federation of North America. 

4 Bread and Roses 



The activities of ITT in 
Chile are a good example of 

Consequences: three- 
quarters of the planet is 
governed by vicious dictator¬ 
ships (South America, 

Asia and Africa) imposed 
and supported by multi¬ 
nationals and the imperialist 
governments they represent. 

And in these countries 
millions of workers are 
dying—from hunger, from 
civil wars, from torture in 
concentration camps, or 
simply from inhuman 
working conditions. 

c) Multinationals and 
State Capitalism 

In Russia, China, Cuba, etc. 
where a new class of bureau¬ 
crats exploits the workers 

ORIGINS me From? 

The society we live in is based 
on profit and competition. 
The law of capital is without 
pity. Everything that doesn’t 
constantly develop and reap 
profit is doomed to disappear 
Because of this, certain 
companies, having eliminated 
their closest rivals, felt too 
cramped within the boundar¬ 
ies of their own country and 
decided to extend their 
domination over the whole 


They have a very precise 
structure*whieh can be 
summarized as follows: 
a) The division of 

labour on a world scale. 

Interested in 
how business 




The lives of millions of workers throughout the world 
are in the hands of huge multinational corporations 
such as Esso, Unilever and Ford. So it’s very 
important that we understand just how they work. 

This text was written by Or Franco-Dutch 
comrade and is a more or less straight translation 
from the French. 

What isa 


has units of production, management and 
marketing in several different countries. 

The company as a whole, however, is controlled from one 
country (usually the USA-for example Fords) or sometimes 
from two countries (Shell, Unilever- Holland & Britain). 

This is important since 

it means that their activities 
always serve precise interests. 

It’s important for us in the 
working class to see how the 
activities of the multinationals 
affect our work, our environ¬ 
ment and our everyday life. 

mainly in the industrially 
advanced countries. 

Take a firm producing 

Its factories in Africa 
would produce the tyres 
(local supply of raw 

in the name of a “socialist” 
or “proletarian” state, the 
multinationals are also active. 
With the active co-opera¬ 
tion of the leninist govern¬ 
ments (the Coca-Cola bosses 
are personal friends of the 
Russian leaders) they bring 
in “western” methods of 
production, sure of finding 
in those countries, as in 
the Third World, a docile 
workforce which doesn’t 
even have the right to strike. 


We’re told that there’s a 
crisis, and that it’s an 
energy (oil) crisis. 

It’s in the inter est of 
the giant oil multinationals 
to put it that way. These 
companies make huge 
profits from the systematic 
pillage of the Earth’s 
fuel resources. 

It’s because they refused 
to reduce their profits that 
the increase in the price 
of oil (which was extremely 
under-priced) by the produc¬ 
ing countries caused a rise 
in the cost of living in our 
industrialised countries. 

A World Capitalist Order 
The real crisis is this: 
the multinationals are 
rebuilding capitalism so 
that they can impose a 
new world order. 

To do this, they are wiping out the more backward sections 
of the economy-small and middle-sized businesses, and old 
national industries such as steel and textiles. 


Each day dozens of businesses 
in Europe close their doors, 
causing massive unemploy¬ 

To maintain their profits 
while the restructuring goes 
on, the bosses force us to 
tighten our belts through 
wage freezes (Phase 1, 2, 

3, 4, etc.) 

And the environment is 
devastated (especially by 
the nuclear multinationals 
like CENTEC and URENCO), 
while people have poor 
working conditions and 


Multinationals cause famines, 
dictatorships, unemployment, 
loss of freedom. They arc 
destroying the whole planet 
for the prosperity of a few 

To do this they use the 
state as guardians of their 
interests-any state will 
do, whether Western, 
“Cpn)i)\unist,” or “Third 
World’’.. The resiU) is.'. 

increased militarisation 
of society. 


We’re sometimes told that 
the solution lies in nationalisa¬ 
tion or national “revolution”. 

But ask your Labour MP 
or union official how you 
can nationalise a multi¬ 

Nationalise Fords and 
Fords transports production 
to another country, leaving 
behind nothing but the 
walls and the unemployed. 

Anarchists have always 
said that you can fight 
capitalism only by opposing 
all its structures -multination¬ 
als and states alike- and by 
getting rid of reformist 
illusions which can only 
lead to different kinds of 

As the bosses already 
know, the only revolution 
that can last will be a 
world revolution. 


The frames would be 
assembled in Asia or South 
America (cheap and super- 
exploited workforce). 

And certain precision 
parts would be made in 
Europe or North America, 
which is also where man¬ 
agement and marketing 
would be based. 

Consequences: first, 
we have even less control 
over what we produce, 
since we only make 
part of it. 

Second, we are weaker in 
our struggles against the 
bosses. If there’s a strike 

b) The super-exploitation 
of the Third World 

c) The search for a compro¬ 
mise with State Capital¬ 
ism, that is the so-called 
communist countries. 

a) The Division of Labour 
The multinational can make 
its products wherever the 
advantages are greatest- 
for example, where there 
is a ready supply of raw 
materials or where there 
is a cheap work force (low 
wages), or both. 

But at the same time, 
the company needs technical 
know-how which it will find 

in one section, production 
can be taken somewhere else. 

b) Increasing Exploitation of 
the “Third World” 

The raw materials that the 
multinationals depend on are 
largely found in Third World 
countries. So the multi¬ 
nationals not only exploit 
the workers of these coun¬ 
tries in ways similar to 
those used to exploit 
British workers in the 19th 
century; they also have 
to have control over the 
local governments. 

And when the workers 
begin to organise and revolt 
they don’t hesitat^to use 
extreme measures: fascist 
coups d’etat, the setting 
up of ultra-authoritarian 

Bread and Roses S 


I would like to subscribe to Please make P.O.s/cheques 
Bread and Roses and enclose payable to 
a P.0. /cheque for and send to ACA, Box 2, 

£2.50 for 12 issues. 136 Kingsland High Street, 

Name . London E2. 

Address . . 


Council Shits Bricks in Concreted 

Letters, articles, 
enquiries about ACA 
membership, to any of 
the following: 


Bob Prew 
13 Trinity Court 
Trinity Road 
Aston, Birmingham 6 

Jim Petty 
5 Hollin Hill 
Burnley, Lancs. 


Dave Carruthers 
53 Ormonde Ave. 
Glasgow G4 


Danny Jakob 
88 Speedwell House 
Comet St. . 
London SE8 

A HUNDRED PEOPLE appeared from all sides in the 
centre of Ilford (East London) one Saturday morning 
in December. It was 10 a.m. and they were ready to 
do some heavy work. *oon, took a look at what was 

Lockwood Road, Pyrmont going on —quite a turn up for 

ens Road- the book, Sarge, but soon 

sent ceilings crashing down 

* bricked up windows 

* filled WCs with concrete. 

In short they'd done their 
damndest to make them unin¬ 

So the campaigners came 
prepared for work. Planks 
got prised away from win¬ 
dows, tons of new joists 
and boards were brought in, 
and by the end of the week¬ 
end we could equal the 
number of "good” houses 

There's money in them 
thar derelicts. 

Ilford's been trying to get 
roundabouts and dual car- 


Estate Agent type boards were put Uf 

"this valuable property acquired for rehabilitation by Housing 
Action Services”. One for each empty house. 

three cul de sacs—had about 
50 empty houses. Within 
half an hour they had very 
few empty any more. 

No! It wasn't the squatters 
again, it wasn't a scene of 
jemmys at the front doors, 
no smashed windows. 

Most of the houses had 
been horribly vandalised. 
Again, no, not by them 
children varmints, but on 
the orders of Redbridge 
Council, the local authority. 

The police were there quite 

went away favourably im¬ 
pressed if anything. 

Immediately the locks 
were changed, the workforce 
started the graft. A few 
houses only needed a clean¬ 
up, water, gas and electricity. 
But others needed major work.. 

Stop the Blitz 

It had already been found by 
the "Stop the Blitz" campaign 
that the Council had: 

* sawn up the floors 

* cut ioists with chain <ww<? " 

white spray. The house next door looks strong enough, but 
was gutted inside. 

This house, gutted by Redbridge 
Council, meant a family some¬ 
where has lived in squalor. 

riageways through the area 
lived in here by the not-so- 
rich. They don't care where 
you live, but the shopping 
will thrive with roads, 
office blocks and all that 

Builders and estate 
their stooges or 
onto local coun- 
everywhere to get in on 

The more people looking 
for the same houses, the more 
the price goes up—for those 

cope with. Landlords and 
bed'n'breakfast places grow. 
rich on the competition for 
grotty hovels. Class interest. 

What Did We Get? 

It was a big operation. A 
kitchen was set up for all 
the force, and managed a 
great job. Tools were kept 
in one store and held in 
common. With so many 
holes in floors we lost sur¬ 
prisingly little. A creche 

Half a dozen local families 
moved in then and a waiting 
list grew for the others as 
volunteers and new residents 
tackled the worst of the 
Council vandalism. 

What Was It All About? 

Why should the elected repre 
sentatives of Redbridge be 
a party to such damage?- 

fewer houses they have to 
| operated all the time, lots 
of workers helped, it wasn't 
a mothers' meeting. 

We weren't all anarchists, 
but we did show that many 
people, often almost stran¬ 
gers to each other, could 
work fast, effectively and 
without foremen or expert 
advice. No bosses. 

In fact most bosses would 
have been overwhelmed to 
get so much work out of 
anyone, but then we don't 
believe in working for them! 

Then, even if Redbridge 
does get their roads and 
concrete wonders, why 
did they keep these houses 
empty for the four or so 
years before they can 
build? We saw the housing 
shortage as a deliberate one. 
There are cul-de-sacs like 
these throughout Britain. 

The Bad News 
In the new year, Redbridge 
got the evictions of their 
new tenants through the 
courts. They are a slimy 
bunch of rats, but it was 
thought that in exchange 
for a quiet end of occupation, 
they had agreed not to dan- 
age the properties again. 

But they have sent in 
workmen to rip the places 
up a bit again. There is tc 
be a public enquiry shortly , 
and.Redbridge is determined 
to leave as little to enquire 
abo'u't as possible! Even if 
the enquiry goes against 
them, it may be too late. 

6 Bread and Roses 

One Ex-Homeworkers Experience 

She has children ages 1, 2V 2 , 
and 5. 

I started with envelopes first, 
and I had to collect it every 
week. For 1000 envelopes 
you got £3.60. That was 
for Pauline & Mark Ltd, 

I collected over 1000 at 
a time because it was pointless 
taking less. My husband used 
to take me when he had a 
day off. They paid monthly 
so I got about £28 a month. 
Then the typewriter broke 
down and I gave it up. 

I also worked for Derwent 
Publications, I did typing 
proofs for them, for 65p 
a page. 

(This was very difficult 
typing, from handwriting, 
full of technical language 
and formulas.) 

I also had to collect and 
deliver, but I had a sister 
who worked at Kings Cross 
and she used to collect and 
deliver it for me. 

Then I did Christmas • 
stockings, you had to 
machine the outside, but I 
only did that for a week or 
so because it didn't pay— 
45p for 1000. 

She also did badges, then 
bracelets for wristwatches, 
but gave up the last job 
because it was too far to 

I think the Christmas 
stocking was the only one 
delivered to the doorstep. 

Oh yes, I'd like to 
work at home if it paid 
well and if they collected 
and delivered it. That 
would solve a lot of problems. 

At the moment I'm just 
looking at the paper to see 
what jobs pay (for when 
she's free to go out to work). 
But I'm going to wait until 
they all go to school. 

I don't want a minder or 
a nursery, especially nowa¬ 
days, so expensive. 

The good side of it 

Some homeworkers actually 
like it, make fair money at 
it, and would do it even if 
they had no children. For 
them the problem is finding 
child care to enable them to 
do homework more effi¬ 

But these homeworkers 
advertise or otherwise hunt 
for work in their trade- 

they don't answer sweatshop 
employers' advertisements. 
When you do that, you're 
hat in hand and have to 
accept whatever the 
employer offers. In doing 
free-lance work, your rates 
will be kept down only by 
the market. And you usually 
aren't expected to collect or 

Proper employee status 
for the sweatshop workers 
would be a temporary 
step forward-but from an 
anarchist viewpoint, all 
workers should be trying 
to move towards more 
independence at work, 
whether as individuals 
or in co-operatives. 


A branch ol 

MOST PEOPLE WHO do or want to do homeworl 
are women unable to go out to work because 
they have young children. 

Their pay is often so low that it can’t even 
be compared with normal wages. “I tried to 
do a watchstrap and it took me an hour,” says 
a spokesperson for the Hackney Homeworking 
Campaign. “It would have earned me 30 
pence.” Some of the experienced homeworkers 
do it faster-“but the other problem is that they 
sit up till all hours doing it, probably using 
more electric or gas than they’re earning.” 

It’s easy for bosses to excuse these low piecework 
rates by claiming that the worker (who is isolated 
and thus unable to compare herself with others) 
is inefficient. 


The London Homeworking Campaign, which 
received a grant of £2,500 in 1977 from the 
Equal Opportunities Commission, and has 
raised more money from local authorities, 
is trying to help homeworkers. Its aims are: 
Advice— to advise home workers of their 
rights and how to resolve any problems; 
also to advise those seeking homework. 
Research-The collection and collation 
of information on homeworkers and 
homework employers to fill the gap left 
by the lack of official information. 

Publicity-to secure positive publicity 
on homeworking and to highlight what 

steps can be taken, rather than the sensational stori 
which have often appeared. 

Organisation— into the relevant trade unions. 

This will involve forming groups of homeworkers, 


child care. 

getting support from local authorities, and 
possibly setting up co-operatives. 

Legislative c/zan^e-homeworkers must be given 
the same rights as other workers. The first 
step must be employee status for homeworkers. 

A Real Choice 

But action is needed in wider areas than these, 
and the campaign supports a programme of 
social change that would make homeworking 
a choice and not a forced necessity. Its 
main demands are: 

* more nurseries 

* a flexible attitude to working arrangements 
to enable both parents to take jobs. 

* improved state benefits, particularly 
for one-parent families. 

* an extensive language training programme. 

* an expanded industrial training programme, 
particularly for women. 

* the enforcement of the disabled workers 
quotas on employers. 


The unions are also beginning to pay attention 
to the problem, and a TUC Working Party 
published a statement last year. 


The campaign is obviously not anarchist in 
its emphasis on state measures (there is a 
Bill to protect homeworkers which is being 
sponsored this year), but many of its ideas, 
such as flexible working arrangements, and 
homeworker co-ops, could have a liberating 
effect on many workers with or without 

Part-Time Work and Sex Discrimination 

Part-time work, another kind 
of "not real work" resorted 
to by mothers, also results 
in lower hourly rates and 
lack of industrial rights— 
both of which problems 
the Equal Opportunities 
Commission recognizes, 
and the unions are beginning 
to recognize (vWth regard 
to dinner ladies), a^'indirect 

These problems and those 

of home-workers result from 
the economy's dismissal of 
child care as valuable work, 
because it doesn't make a 
profit for anyone, and 
the exclusion from recog¬ 
nized forms of money¬ 
making of those who are 
responsible for children. 

Conditions for "respecta¬ 
ble" work are based on the 
assumption that the worker 
is either childless or has an 

Homeworker Co-ops 

This is one of the most 
promising ideas of the 
Homeworker Campaign. 
Some homeworkers work 
for contractors to factories, 
and the Homeworking 
Campaign spokesperson 
told me, "If they had 
their own factory that 
would cut out the 
middleman... I just like 
the idea that they'd be 
earning money from 
what they're doing rather 
than someone taking a 
profit on it." 

The Campaign's plans 
for co-ops are just in the 
looking-ahead stage—but 
that means that anyone 
who likes the idea can 
get in on the ground floor 
with your ideas. 


London Homeworking 
Campaign, 691-6804. 

You can also contact 
them if you are looking 
for homework, or are 
already doing it and 
want advice or information, 
or if you have suggestions 
to make. 

London Homeworking Campaign 

Homeworkers Need Child Care Too 

So many people (including 
would-be homeworkers 
themselves) hSve the idea 
that homework solves the 
child care problem. But 
you can't do two things 
at once. 

All that homeworking 
enables you to do is to 
barely manage to get a 
bit of paid work done 
under conditions of 
maximum stress and 

"A lot of the older 
ones," the Homeworking 
Campaign spokesperson 
said, "have accepted their 
role as women and feel 
subservient to the rest 
of the family, and they 
prefer homework so they 
can be on hand for their 
children and husbands. 

Bread and Roses 

unpaid wife at home to do 
all the child care and other 
domestic errands, which are 
never allowed to intrude 
upon "working" life. 

Day nurseries alone won't 
solve this problem. For all 
women to*have real equality, 
there must be a total reor¬ 
ganization of industry so 
as to accommodate the needs 
of children and parents. 


But there again they're 
often up till late hours 
which often results in 

Whether you want 
state child care, private 
child care (which means earn¬ 
ing enough to pay for it!), 
or shared child care among 
friends, you as a homeworker 
are entitled to that care and 
are not obliged to do two 

It's true, though, that 
homeworking cuts out 
child care during travel 
hours, and makes it more 

8 Bread and Roses 

From The Workhouse 

To Modem Militancy 

the distinctions between 
legitimate and illegitimate 
is being put forward to 
the Commons this year. 

One of its sponsors, 

Leo Abse, writes (in 
the Guardian, 19.1 2. 78), 
“Parents know there are 
not legitimate and illegitimate 
children, but only children.” 
He further comments, 
“Labour MPs in particular, 
remembering the father¬ 
lessness of Keir Hardie, 
Ramsay Macdonald and 
Ernie Bevin will have an 
opportunity of paying 
off their debts to the 
founding bastards.” 


As attitudes towards sex 
and marriage change, 
there are more and more 
unmarried families 
demanding equality. 

Here are some statistics: 
between 1960 and 1977, 
the illegitimate percentage 
of all live births rose from 
5.4 to 9.7 in England and 
Wales; from 4.4 to 9.6 in 
Scotland; and from 2.5 
to 5.4 in Northern Ireland. 

But neither the attitudes 
of the state and society as 
a whole, nor the material 
conditions which result 
from those attitudes, have 
changed enough. 

Workhouse Women, early 1900s. 

There is still enormous 
disapprove of singTe 
mothers. The National 
Council for 1-Parent Families 
summarizes it: “In the 
practical seventies, a girl 
is not condemned for having 
sexual experience, but... 
for not using the contracep¬ 
tives which, it is too often 
assumed, are universally 
understood and freely 
available. This gross over¬ 
simplification of the causes 
of birth outside marriage 
indicates the slender nature 
of society’s acceptance of 
single mothers and their 

Modern militancy 


Disapproval results in such 

harsh conditions that families 
are often broken up. The 
NCOPF’s report says “ 
our everlasting shame, three- 
quarters of all children in 
care come from one-parent 
families. If these tragedies 
are to be prevented much 
more help and emotional 
support must be available...” 

The state makes things 
worse, not better. “Local 
authorities now have wider 
powers than ever to take 
and keep children in care... 

We are glad that... parents 
are becoming more assertive 
of their rights. Nevertheless 

the number of children in 

care is growing at a fright¬ 
ening rate. Most are from 
one-parent families. Most 
should not be there.” 

The punitive attitude 
of the state is proved by 
the fact that it’s even 
willing to waste money 
to break up poor families. 

In 1975/76 the average 
weekly cost of residential 
care for one child was about 
£65, excluding the cost of 
administration and fieldwork. 

While in November 1977 
the average payment to 
one-parent families was 
£27.20 per week. 


Often children are in care 
for no better reason than 
lack of proper housing. 

“It is tragic,” wrote 
One-Parent Families in 
a letter to the Secretary 
for the Environment, “that 
so many lone parents are 
denied the right to bring 
up their own children 
because they are not given 
decent accommodation.” 

That letter, written in 
autumn 1978, places the 
cost of council care at up 
to £ 1 00 per week per child. 

When you see the “Sunny 
Smiles” appeals for help from 
the National Children’s Home, 
or other appeals for children’s 
homes, as though they were 
a thoroughly acceptable 
charity, just remember why 
many of the children.are 
there (even .though you. may 
feel you should give anyway, 
just to improve the children’s 

As the Mothers in Action 
slogan of some years ago 
went- Homes for Children, 
not Children’s Homes. 

The Best Time 

This is the Year of the Child, 
and there’s goinj> to be a lot 
of fine talk about the subject, 
so this is the best time to 
put pressure on the state to 
remove the stigma which it 
has imposed on too many 
children for too many years. 

Bread and RoSes 9 


THERE WERE TWO of them. 
They mugged me in a quiet 
back street. 

I was a typical mugging 
victim—no, not a little old 
lady; you've been paying too 
much attention to National 
Front propaganda—a building 
worker on his way home on 
pay day having stopped off 
on the way for a few (to tell 
the truth quite a few) drinks. 

I put up a fight, but with 
one of them holding me from 
behind while the other one 
thumped me from the front 
I stood no chance. 

I yelled blue murder but 
of course nobody came to 
my aid. The most I could do 
was spit verbal defiance at 
them as they robbed me. 


Much to the disappointment 
of one of the blokes I was 
working with at the time, 
when I told him about it 
afterwards, the muggers 
were white. 

By their accents one was 
a Londoner and the other 
from Glasgow. 

Not being a racialist I 
had no prejudices to be 
confirmed or destroyed by 
this. I don't like people who 
beat me up and rob me 
whoever they are. 

They actually seemed to enjoy 
beating me up. I reckon it 
was a way of getting back at 
a world they felt had cheated 
them, and since they were* 
shit scared of their real 
enemies, or just couldn't 
get hold of them, I was the 


Soon as they stopped beating 
me they ran off in opposite 
directions. I ran after one of 

He yelled at me ''The 
other bloke's got your 
money!" and this made me 
hesitate for a-second. They 
both got clean away. v _ 
Not knowing what'else 
to do (and still being tb’o 
pissed to think clearly) and 

bother. I figured by that 
time my money was spent. 


The woman I live with, and 
our children, were wonderful, 
even though it was partly my 
fault we had no money to 

live off that week. I certainly 
couldn't have taken reproach¬ 
es at that time. 

Not so pleasant was the 
reaction of some other people. 

One "hip" left winger 
evidently thought there war 
something riot quite d^ne 

Anarcho Crossword 

ACROSS 15. Cofitcnt of PM’sIfead? 

thinking that maybe I could 
get my money back if the 
muggers were found that 
night (even though I had 
no intention of pressing 
charges) I went to the 

The cops treated me like a 
criminal, even though they'd 
only to look at me to see I 
was a victim! 

Of course the muggers 
weren't found that night, 
and though the cops told 
me to come back to the 
station on Monday I didn't 

1. Stony expletive at the 

7. Foreign raw materials 
for British steel industry. 

8. Now, for Britain itself— 
in the pond, small 

10. Fuck around with the 

12. Red bureaucrat’s 
cover-up. (l, <►) 

14. Backward Tory 

17. Bum on the hot seat- 
very like what Guy 
had in mind. 

19. You old-fashioned git! 

20. Poisonous woman? 

21. Eunuch’s constitutional. 

22. Soon is not on. 

24. Naked in the dune. 

26. The rich girl who’s come 
out has turned around 
for a retiring place. 

27. Fourth International? 
Let it rot. Squire! 

28. Telly newstime? 



to ask. Bennett’s night club is a 
place for the rich to drink late at night/early morning. 
While the rich can afford such high rents as the owner 
of the place puts up, local people in North Battersea 
cannot have shops, nurseries and so on which they 
desperately need. 

This was the first picket of the restaurant — in lousy 
weatherpeople of all ages stood for hours to-heckle 
the posh noshers. 


1. He’s not right to say 
it’s just a collection 
of peasants. 

2. Separates possibilities. 

3. Like a school bully 
or an animal? 

4. Celebrity’s rest in 

. H)ghgate Cemetery? • 

'5.- - Communists in South’. - '- 


6. Irish queue up to be 

9. Plain homes. 

10. They’re your kind. 

11. You’re cool man! 

13. Horse of Troy turned 
out to let in capitalist 

16. Giving something up? 

18. What politicians claim 

about being the victim of 
violent crime. I couldn't 
really be "tuned in" or some 
such rubbish. 

Others with right-wing 
attitudes seemed to think 
it funny that a person who 
rejected "law and order" 
should £>e a mugging victim. 

The attitude was "That'll 
teach you!" 

Teach Me What? 

And yet what was it supposed 
to have taught me? 

That we live in a violent 
society? I knew that already. 

That the class system 
makes people nasty? I knew 
that already. 

That people don't come to 
your aid in this society 
because "It's a job for the 
police"? I knew that already. 

The only thing you could 
say I've "learned'' is thatjt 
isn't a good idea to go 
boozing on your way home 
with your wages in your 
pocket-and even that I 
really knew already. . 

Law and Disorder 
Though of course it's 
probable that a few anti¬ 
social acts will happen in 
any kind of society, the 
huge majority of those 
that occur in this society 
can be directly traced to 
the existence of two 
connected things—the 
institutions of property 
and authority. 

In other words, the major 
causes of crime are the very 
things the police were set up 
to protect! 

The police themselves are, 
even by their own standards, 
poor upholders of order-for 
instance, well-founded allega¬ 
tions have been made that, 
senior detectives were 
involved in the Daily Mirror 
Building robbery in which 
a night watchman was killed. 

Anarchy and Order 
From an anarchist communist 
point of view, the greatest 
crimes of all aren't even on 
the statute book. 

The ruling classes of all 
countries (the class which 
police forces serve) are the 
greatest mass murderers and 
robbers. The biggest crooks 
of all are honoured by 

While it is painful to have 
a week's wages stolen, when 
I look at my wage packet I 
realise that the ruling class 
mugs me every week. 

Roll on the day when work¬ 
ing people stop hurting each 
other and start putting the 
boot in to their enemies! 

to be but never are. 

20. Don’t repress this it 
might fight back. 

23. Beheaded Tory eunuch 
has a choice? 

25. The ones who are 

26. Hamlet’s question 
or a Gdru’s advice? 


Bread ana Koses 


Dear Bread and Roses, 

I liked the first two issues 
(Sept, and Nov. ’78) I’ve 
seen because I’ve felt for 
some time there’s a need for 
an anarchist paper that is 
simply written and free from 
jargon, words like ‘bourgeois’ 
‘proletariat’ ‘consciousness’ 
etc. mean absolutely nothing 
to most people, and only 
serve to discourage them 
from reading anarchist 

Unlike the writer in the 
November issue I think there 
is a need for more attention 
to be paid to the problems 
of low-paid ‘unskilled’ 
manual workers. The Left 
press is always ready to back 

at least. 

.Realistically, however, 

I can’t see them being able 
to bring it off without a 
massive campaign of civil 
disobedience, direct action 
and maybe even rioting to 
back it up. 

Many of those armchair 
revolutionaries who see the 
working-class as a monolithic 
mass which will sooner or 
later sweep capitalism and 
state socialism away will 
dismiss the demand for a 
minimum wage as ‘reformist’. 

They ignore the fact that 
a revolution will never come 
until the majority of people 
see the need for it. Most of 
the so-called skilled sectors 
of the working class are 
pretty comfortably off even 

Terry Liddell, writing to 
the last issue of Bread and 
Roses, thought what I’d 
said in the one before was 
“angry”-it wasn’t, not at 
him anyway, just emphatic. 

Terry says “there is 
grave danger of the world 
becoming overpopulated in 
the near future”. 

This is one of those things 
which “everybody knows” 
which ain’t necessarily so. 

It is not true, for instance, 
that Britain cannot feed 
itself. It is true that it 
does not- a very different 
thing. As for “third world” 
countries, in most of them 
over 809< of the land is 
controlled by under 3% 
of the population. 

This makes for extreme 
inefficiency. In Colombia, 
for example, large farms 
produce less than one- 
fourteenth of the amount 
per acre that can be pro¬ 
duced by people working 
their own land. 

According to the World 
Bank (not noted for its 
radicalism), with a little 
financial help the small 
peasants-that is, most 
people-could produce even 
more: they could in fact 
increase production by 5% 
per year, more than twice 
the rate of population growth. 

What the World Bank 
doesn’t take into account is 
'how much popular control 
could increase production 
on capitalist owned land, 
but we should. 

The figures Terry quotes 
look like official British 
government statistics and 
should be treated as such. 
However, evenif we assume 
they are right, hasn^t Terry 
forgotten something? Like 
four-fifths of the planet’s 
surface for instance. 

The Milkfish has been 
farmed in Java since the 
14th century. More recently 
it has begun to be fanned 
experimentally in the 
Philippines, Taiwan, and 

The natural, open ocean 
level of Milkfish production 
is 7 tonnes per square kilo¬ 

’The Philippines got 31 

strikes by powerful groups 
like Ford workers but they 
forget that those of us on 
low pay are much less able 
to take protracted action, 
.even when unionised. 

For one thing we have 
little or no savings to fall 
back on and for another we 
have less to come back in 
tax rebates to tide us over 
a long strike. Social Security 
payments don’t apply to 
single people and few of us 
can afford children in any 

It seems to me that the 
talk you see in the Left 
press of the ‘working-class’ 
being made to pay for the 
‘crisis’ of capitalism is 
crap. In reality there is 
no crisis in the system. 

It’s just functioning normally 
with the rich and middle- 
classes getting richer, some 
sections of the working- 
class able to maintain or 
even improve their position 
and the rest of us facing a 
future of a continuous 
decline in our already low 
standard of living. 

At the time of writing 
(Jan. ’79) about the only 
glimmer of hope is the 
prospect of a public service 
workers strike for a £60 
minimum wage. My only 
quarrel with this demand 
is that it should be £70 1 

now. As long as the beer, 
football, petrol for their 
cars etc. keeps flowing they 
will always accept the system 

In this situation it is only 
the poorer sections of societv 
who can bring about any 
change. But they can only 
do this by struggling to ap¬ 
propriate a larger share of 
society’s wealth. When those 
who are content with their 
conditions at present start 
to be hit hard by the strug¬ 
gles of those below it will 
be possible to think in terms 
of a revolution. 

As I see it then, the most 
important task for any practi¬ 
cal anarchist movement is to 
seek to put forward ideas for 
practical struggles to lower 
income groups, not just low- 
paid but unemployed, claim¬ 
ants and others and to do 
everything possible to aid 
those struggles. I hope that 
your paper will try to play 
a part in this. 


tonnes per, simply 
by separating them from 
their natural predators. 

Taiwan got 206 tonnes 

Using nutrient enrichment 
Indonesia boosted production 
to an incredible 508 tonnes 

The UN Food Organisation 
has calculated that in South 
East Asia alone there is at 
least 5,500 square kilometres 
of very shallow sea suitable 
for Milkfish farming. 

In other words, by farming 
one particular kind of fish 
even at the modest Taiwanese 
'evel in S.E. Asia, it would be 
possible to more than double 
the entire world fish catch 
without the slightest danger 
of overfishing. 

And what about farming 
coral atolls by the very 
simple process of pumping 
deep water from outside 
into them? Shallow water 
has sunlight but few nutrients; 
deep water has plenty of 
nutrients but no sunlight; the 
possibilities which arise from 
combining the two are if 
anything even bigger than the 
Milkfish farms. 

And what about farming 
seaweed? (It can be very 
tasty, and has been farmed 
at a low level for many years 
in some Asian countries.) 

In view of all this, I stick 
by my claim that, long before 
the Earth is overpopulated, 
humanity will have reached 
for the stars. 

This is not “romantic guff’ 
It is a reasonable prediction 
based on known facts. 

There is no population 
problem. There is a political, 
economic, and social problem 
which can be solved by 
worldwide revolution. 

Anybody who says there is 
a population problem is (prob¬ 
ably without realising it) 
spreading ruling-class propa¬ 

Angus MacDonald 

Dear Folksz, 

I was buzzing with 
curioszity when I szaw the 
sub-heading “Drones” in 
one of your articlesz. 

However, it turned out to 
be about humansz, and even 
your passzing comparison 
with bees waz wildly- 

inaccurate-“the majority 
are drones who accept that 
they must forgo reproduction 

Drones are a small minority, 
the male bees who do nothing 
but reproduce. 

What you meant waz 
worker bees—the vaszt 
majority, all un-reproductive 

When a drone sztops 
szerewing the queen bee 
(the only reproductive 
female in a hive) the workers 
drive it out to fend for 
itself. It dies within hoursz. 

You really shouldn’t refer 
to a szubject you know 
nothing about. 

Bees are well adapted for 
being bees. Humansz are well 
adapted for being humansz. 
The two szpeciesz are szo 
different that compariszonsz 
are pointlessz. 

But I muszt sztop droning 
on. Got to fly. There is work 
to be done. I am very busy at 

Yoursz szincerely, 
Hyam A. Buzby, 
Business Secretary, 
Beekeepers Against the Nazis. 

I tried to accept that 
she's as mad as a coot 
and that I didn't care a hoot. 
How can you try to accept 
anything on deaf ears? 

One lives in hopes 
that one day—like a cat 
—one will know where it's AT. 
On deaf ears. 

You've gotta accept that! 

The only sounds 
will be in your head 
and if you hear those 
at least you're not dead. 

At times the sounds inside 
your head 

are better than those outside it. 
But please avoid— 
unless you're very smart 
and realize- 

being taken in by manmade lies. 


Bread and Rotes 11 

The Land 
should belong 
to Us! 

book by Stephen Jay Gould, 
who teaches Evolutionary 
Biology (how species devel¬ 
oped), Geology (study of 
rocks), Palaeontology (dino¬ 
saur bones and such like), 
and the History of Science,- 
at Harvard University in 
the U.S.A. 

It is published by 
Burnett Books (c/o 105, 

Great Russell Street, 

London WC1) and costs 

At that price I’m not 
going to give you the 
familiar rubbish about 
“everybody must get 
this book”!-but if you are 
interested in human beings 
and other animals, or in 
the political implications 
of biological ideas, this is 
a very good book indeed. 

If you can’t afford to 
buy it just yet and you’re 
not keen on shoplifting, 
do what I did and get it 
from your local library, 
or ask them to get it for you. 


The author counts himself 
as a Darwinian and much of 
the book deals with contend¬ 
ing ideas claiming the mantle 
of the prophet. 

I would sum-up S.J. 
-^ouTd’s approach by saying 
he is for science and against ; 
the inflated claims of 
“objectivity” made by many 

He stands up for amateurs 
and points out that often the 
non-professional with experi¬ 
ence in some seemingly 
unrelated field-has provided 
the key to intractable 

He recognises social 
influences on his own work 
and points them out on that 
of others. 

Gould attacks the whole 
“biological determinist” 
school of recent years 
(Lorenz, Ardrey, Morris, 
Jensen, Shockley, Wilson, 
Eysenck, and so on). 

He shows how little 
scientific basis there is for 
their rigid “you can’t change 
human nature” ideas—and 
how much the publicity (and 
the money) they have received 
' owes to the needs of the 
ruling class in a period of 
intensified class struggle. 

He shows how daft and self¬ 
contradictory are the ideas of 
“respectable” racists, and 
quotes Kate Millett on sexism: 
‘Patriarchy has a powerful 
iiold through its successful 
habit of passing itself off 
as nature”. 


The belief that we can’t 
change the way things are 
because that woukLbe 
“going against human nature” 
is very widespread. 

The half-baked science of 
the biological determinists 

are destroyed for the growing of ‘ 
crops, livestock grazing and 
building. This should not be 
so, because to retain our woods, 
we don’t even need a smaller 
population. Let’s see why not... 


they take a heavy log, drill 
out holes at, say 9” intervals 
(22cm). In the holes they 
insert sticks of 3cm diameter 
and about 1.7m height. 
Further sticks are split 


To get such wood, the trees 
are kept immature by crop¬ 
ping every few years. This 
gives rise to the familiar 
“coppice”. Clusters of 
straight poles growing 
closer to each other than 
old trees. 

The hazel coppice is 
common, there are also 
chestnut coppices, and 
these larger poles are used 
to hold aloft the summer 
growth of something close 
to our hearts—hops. 


So next time the street 
socialist err come to that 
fascist tells you we need to 
cut down all our woods to 
build housing estates or 
concentration camps, it’ll 
be possible to tell him/her 
that we want our useful 
woodland; it’s not just a 
.playground for hooraying 
twits to chase foxes through. 

And if we were living back 
in our countryside, we could 
dig up some dual carriageways 
and plant some more bushes 
for increased use. 



ANOTHER ACTION CARD in our "What a wonderful 
country this is and how lucky we are to have such 
wonderful police and if you don't agree you can shut 
yer mouth" series. 

Collect all 50 cards by 
swapping with your 
friends now. 

This phantasy operation 
is by courtesy of Brooke- 
Bond Oxo & Wool Over 
Your Eyes Ltd. 


Mounted officers also assist with 
traffic control and undertake 
routine patrols with the same 
basic duties as any 'beat' 
policeman. Their extra height 
gives them more chance to use 

A hurdler demonstrating his skill 
less useful things, long distan¬ 
ces to us. Still more land is 
wasted on horrid factories 
making Concorde or tinning 
peas that are grown for profit, 
not best crops. 

A few craftsmen survive 
who can use the woods to 
make fencing. Instead of 
barbed-wire entanglements 
for sheep, they can build 
hurdle fences. 

their powers of observation. 
Mounted officers are experts in 
crowd control. See card 38 for 
the way their foot colleagues 
handle lively demonstrations. 

along their length, before 
they are woven around the 
erect poles in the manner of 
basketwork. It’s strong and 
not unsightly if you hate 
alternative plastic goods. 

There’s a limited call for 
such hurdles, but these sticks 
have other uses. Bean poles 
and other garden structures. 
Typically the bush is hazel 
and a few larger trees yield 

Stephen Jay Gould 


Football supporters fill the streets 
after an important cup game...and 
a frightened youngster is plucked 
to safety by a police sergeant on 
horseback. Even in these techno¬ 
logical times there is still an 
important place in the police 
force for mounted officers. It 
has been said that, where crowd 
control is concerned, a trained 
man on a trained horse can do 
the work of a dozen foot police. 

First we are the great-grand¬ 
children of the inhabitants of 
the countryside. These 
ancestors didn’t have the 
happiest of lives, but the 
cram into our present urban 
squalor was never choseii- 
the ruling class of the last 
century forced it. 


Roads occupy large areas of 
our land just to get food, and 

I? W£U.i 

filters down through the 
system even to people who 
have never heard of them. 

So if you are looking for 
ammunition to fight such 
ideas with, or if you want 
to be convinced yourself that 
it ain’t necessarily so, then ' 
this book is a treasure trove. 


But I’m not going to pretend 
that’s all that’s in this book. 

If you just want that, you’ll 
have to skip a few chapters 
(the titles will tell you which). 

Thjs is_a book of science 
with political implications, 
not a book about the politics 
of science. 

But if, like me, you’re 
fascinated by things like 
why a giant ant is an impossi¬ 
bility, or the reason for the 

plough through even the 
more difficult chapters for 
the sheer pleasure it gives 

Dave Coull 

He doesn't think much of 
supporters either. "We don't 
recognise any supporters 
associations. I never go to 
Supporters' Dinners; it only 
costs a fiver or so, but then 
they think they own you. 

We never accept money 
from supporters associations; 
they hand you a couple of 
cheques for a few thousand 
pounds, and the next thing 
you know they are demand¬ 
ing a seat on the Board in 


Perhaps Burnley would be 
more successful if the players 
and supporters got rid of 
Bob Lord and followed the 
example of League Champions 
Nottingham Forest: they 
are the only democratically 
controlled club in the League, 
the Directors being elected by 
a General Meeting. 

Bob Prew 

Bought and Sold 
Of course, Charlton's Chair¬ 
man says they are trying 
to sell him for £70,000. 
After all, they have only 
made a profit of £250,000 
on him so far. They bought 
him for £10,000 originally, 
sold him to Derby County 
for £330,000 a few years 
ago and then bought him 
back from West Ham for 

Chairman Mike Gliksten 
could obviously teach the 
CBI a thing or\wo.^And 
even when the players 
supposedly achieve 'freedom 
conditions of employment 
that footballers experience. 
For although Charlton have 
sacked Hales and are not 
paying him any wages, they 
are still holding his registra¬ 
tion which means that he 
cannot play for another 

Imagine what would 
happen if a bus driver 
was sacked and told he 
couldn't earn his living 
anywhere else driving 
a bus. 

ot contract' this summer, 
transfer fees will still not 
be abolished. 


Bob Lord is another 
football Chairman who when 
he speaks demonstrates the 
nature of football. 

He joined the Burnley 
board in 1951 with the 
minimum of 35 shares. 
Within four years he was 

He's been Chairman 
ever since: "When I became 
Chairman, it was the custom 
that each Chairman should 
do the job for three years 
and then retire to let another 
member of the board take 
over. Now that's not the 
way to run a business." 


Lord is now a virtual dictator. 
He sees his operation as suc¬ 
cessful only if every position 
is manned by a private picked 
for that very post and none 
other. He regards it as "fatal 
to allow shareholders to elect 
any Tom, Dick or Harry". 


If any single person 
symbolises the vile nature 
of apartheid then that 
person is Kalli Knoetze— 
policeman and vicious 
bully. His story demon¬ 
strates clearly why all 
sporting links with 
South Africa should 
be broken off. 

The 15-year-old boy 
had been standing with a 
group of friends when 
suddenly a car containing 
four policemen drew up 
alongside them. One of 
the policemen said the 
boy had insulted them. 
The boy ran off. 


Knoetze drew out his gun 
and set off in pursuit. The 
boy, finding himself corn¬ 
ered by a wire fence, 
decided to give himself up. 
He lay down and waited to 
be arrested. Knoetze then 
shot him through each leg. 

Naturally, Knoetze 
invented another story to 


is a column that aims to get 
beyond the sporting head¬ 
lines to discover the reality 
of sport in our society. It 
will be a regular feature of 
Bread and Roses from now 
on. We welcome contributions. 

South African policeman 
shot and crippled a 15-year- 
old black boy. Today the 
same man-Kalli Knoetze- 
is ranked No. 2 contender 
for Muhammad Ali's world 
heavyweight boxing title. 


This decision was made 
despite the fact that the 
referee considered both of 
them equally to blame and 
that it was Flanagan who 
provoked the fight. His 
remarks to Hales would 
have prompted many men 
to throw a punch. But 
justice gets thrown out 
the window when there's 
money involved. 

What the case also 
highlights is the feudal 

cover himself. He said the 
boy had thrown a stone at 
him and had then climbed 
the fence in an attempt to 
escape. The boy was charged 
with assaulting Knoetze with 
intent to cause him grievous 
bodily harm! 


But when the case eventually 
came to court last December, 
the defence produced a 
specialist surgeon's report 
which showed the bullets 
had been fired in a downward 
direction. The magistrate 
dismissed the case against 
the boy. 

But of course no action 
was taken against Knoetze. 

He got clean away with 
perjury and clean away 
with crippling the boy. 

Instead of ending up 
in prison, he was allowed 
to continue his boxing 
career. Any day now he 
could be picking up a fat 
fighting Muhammad 
Ali which will enable him 
to live comfortably for 
the rest of his life. 

Meanwhile, the boy is 
condemned to spend the 
rest of his life in poverty 
without the use of his 


Charlton footballers sent 
off for fighting each other 
is remarkable in many ways. 
But what it demonstrates 
most clearly is that football 
is run no differently from 
the rest of society. 

Immediately after Derek 
Hales and Mike Flanagan 
were sent off, Charlton's 
Board of Directors took 
the disciplinary decision 
out of the manager Andy 
Nelson's hands. 

The result was that 
Flanagan, rated to be 
worth £250,000, was fined 
only £250, while Hales, 
worth only £70,000, was 


& Roses 

Bread & Roses 



It’ll cost the Earth! 




OH, NO they won’t chorus the 
Central Electricity Generating 
Board (CEGB), General Electric 
Company (GEC) and Babcock 
& Wilcox (a major builder of 
atomic plants). “We have safety 

All right then explain the 

AS ANARCHISTS we do not like national 
international authorities. Obviously our ma 
objection is to the idea that either govern¬ 
ment directly or via huge puppet capitalist 
companies says how our power is generated 
delivered and what it costs. 

Just because we want our local communi 
to control its own affairs is enough reason f 
us to say we want electricity generated loca 


Is-it? Well, we recognise that big boilers and 
big turbine generators can deliver excellent 
figures on efficiency, but what happens thei 

The heat from power stations isn't used f 
community purposes but is lost from coolin 
towers. Or warms up the seawater near nuc¬ 
lear plants! 

The high tension cables that form the 
national grid exert a magnetic field along th 
length-so much that it can make sick peopl 
who live beneath it. The pylons hum, trans¬ 
formers hum-all signs that the energy is bei 

~ ^ A very Gig 

lost on its way to your electric light bulb or 
work-bench. So local generators have their 
efficiency too. 

We're not talking of a diesel engine phutt 
phutting by your dustbin, but small commu 
nity plants using wind, hydro-power or even 
solar energy if it gets more feasible. Even 
fossil fuel like coal can reach you cheaper 
than along pylons and high-tension cable. 

But we never want to see all our lives con 
trolled by an elite of Government technician 
in Torness and Dungeness. 


.FACT: Nuclear power had 
never been a cheap source of 

FACT: It is not safe, power 
stations do leak, there is more 
and more waste to dispose (? ) 
of. Leukaemia in plutonium 

FACT: Mining of uranium is 
controlled by huge companies- 
guilty of price fixing. 

FACT: Power stations are 
built at high profits—at our 

> FACT: All the world is con¬ 
taminated by radio-isotopes 

FACT: Employing few opera¬ 
tors, once built, the nuclear 
reactors are controlled quite 
closely by the government—we 
should be moving towards small 
community controlled energy, 
whether steam boilers, solar 
collectors or windmills. 

FACT: A primary reason for 
nuclear reactors is to make the 
raw materials for bombs and 

* Hunterson ‘B’ (SW Sctoland) 
—an advanced gas-colled 
reactor (AGR) closed since 
October 1977 when the Firth 
of the Clyde was sucked back 
into its pressure vessel. 

* Brunsluttel (nr Hamburg, W 
Germany)-closed down last 
year after over 100 tons of 
radioactive vapour shot out. 
Believe it or not, it could 
have blown-up. 

* Harrisburg-faulty tempera¬ 
ture gauges caused the back¬ 
up cooling system to be 
turned off too soon. This in 
turn caused a serious leakage 
of radiation with the threat 
of a meltdown and/or and 
explosion. The total nubmer 
of workers at the plant con- 

mm laminated d 

gency has not yet been 

announced but the figure 
will undoubtedly be high. 

These workers face a future 
of cancer, leukaemia, mis¬ 
carriages, sterility and birth 

* The Urals (USSR)-the ulti¬ 
mate accident. Admittedly 
this was a filthy communist 
state, that didn’t know about 
capitalist safety (just des¬ 
cribed), and we don’t know 
exactly when. But sometime 
in the late 1950s they had a 
catastrophe in the Ural moun¬ 
tains. The town of Kyshtym 
had an explosion, plants were 
un-leafed and died. People 
had skin dropping off, hun¬ 
dreds died. The area is res¬ 
tricted and contaminated 
these 20 years later. (This 
information comes indirectly 
from the CIA, our Official 
Secrets Act keeps our govern¬ 
ment from disclosing it!!! ) 
Well, the list could be much 
longer. The Russians hit the 
jackpot years ago and someone 
will do it again. By Sod’s Law 
you can depend on that. 

continued page 2 

Inside: women 
dare to fight 

of a 

male housewife 

special free supplement 


paper of the GLASGOW 



Anyone with hopes for a better life in the future must be sickened by the current 
weakness of the anti-nuclear movement in Britain. Time is running out. Already there 
is enough radioactive material around to poison the planet for the next half million 
years. Already people are being exposed daily to low levels of radiation which will 
give them cancer within 20 years. Already the state is gathering its forces ready to 
pounce on those who want control over their own environment and who refuse to be 
dictated to by the technocrats and the transnational corporations. 

Faced with this urgency a dramatic increase in the level of opposition to nuclear 
power is a must. Powerful opposition must be generated at every stage in the fuel 
cycle from Uranium mining to waste dumping. This can only be done effectively 
through organisation with a big ‘O’. We need a campaign something along the lines of 
th< Lu'.^ aZ1 League °. n,y far more dynamic and involving greater numbers of people. 

What 1 m proposing is a national Federation of Anti-Nuclear Groups. The groups 
would be fully autonomous and based in the community and in the workplace. Their 
task would be to produce and distribute anti-nuclear information in their particular 
area, to send speakers to schools, union meetings, tenants associations, etc. They could 
also organise local events such as “Rock against Nukes”, street theatre, and acts of 
disruption and civil disobedience. 

National activities could be co-ordinated through conferences and through a weekly 
or fortnightly internal newsletter which would also serve as a forum for debate and 
exchange of information. 

Membership of the federation would be restricted to people committed to oppose 
nuclear power BY ANY MEANS NECESSARY, including violent. It must be recog¬ 
nised once and for all that violence and non-violence are tactics to be used selectively 
according to the activity being planned. And actions must be well-planned before¬ 
hand so that precious time isn’t wasted discussing fundamental issues when we should 
be busy doing what we set out to do. If you’re occupying the site of a nuclear power 
station, for example, you need to know why you’re there and that the others are there 
tor the same reason. This way the sorry spectacle of opponents of nuclear power fallin° 
out with each other is avoided. 6 

The trouble with most anti-nuke people is that we’re too nice and niceness often 
slides into complacency. The supporters of nuclear power are ruthless and aggressive. 

I hey have millions to spend on brain-washing us into accepting their madness and fail¬ 
ing that they will soon have the legislative and military muscle to impose it on us 


We mustn t be afraid to be as ruthless and aggressive as thev are. Unless we stnn 

+hern soon thev will ruin not onlv our lives but also the lives of generations to come 

And to our dreams of a better and more 'vj ran world we can kiss goodbye for ever. 

GH, SE London ACA 

We would like to hear from anyone interested in following up the ideas expressed above 
Send letters immediately to: FANG, c/o ACA. Box 2. 136 Kingsland High Street. 
London ho, 

The nuclear fuel cycle 

I Uranium 

I price fix 

EIGHT DOLLARS a pound was 
the price for uranium through¬ 
out the fifties and sixties. It was 
five dollar s in 1971! It’s now 40 

dollars. , 

Even the most thick-skinned 
I of politicians wouldn’t wish to 
I kid us this was standard infla- 
I tion. So demand must have 
I soared? 

Well, no. throughout demand 
I has held steady around 26.000 
tons per annum. And production 
has been 30.000 tons per annum. 
In , 1971, 100,000 tons were 
stock-piled. (Figures from the US 


The atomic industry denies 
operating a price-fix. Except 
that the French mining com¬ 
pany URANEX admitted there 
was a system for selling less 
uranium for the same overall 

This is called a cartel. All the 
companies get together and cease 
to compete, they share out the 
market in a gentlemanly fashion. 

The Franch blabbed because 
it was still partly competitive. 

Real winners were Rio Tinto- 
Zinc. Famous for polluting 
Wales with heavy metals, they 
have also done very nicely, thank 
you, out of the cartel. 

Incidentally we pay in the 
long run. 

'wound up? 

Supposedly wound up. the car¬ 
tel has kept the higher prices. A 
ringleader, Louis Mazels of RT- 
Z. has fled to South America. 

Wedgie Benn in the govern¬ 
ment expressed surprise at the 
cartel, but never took any meas¬ 
ures to control RT-Z. 

RT-Z have, amongst their dir¬ 
ectors, such investors as Lords 
Shackleton (Labour), Carrington 
(Tory), Byers (Liberal). So we 
can confidently expect no govern¬ 
ment to sort these cynical para¬ 
sites out. 

How does 



EVERYDAY ultra-violet 
radiation from the sun kills 
your skin when you do too 
much sunbathing. A quick 
whiff of radio gases could simi¬ 
larly cook your lungs. 

But normally we are subject 
to less intense doses and it inter¬ 
feres with our bodies unseen. 

Strontium 90 used to be the 
pet dread. A 1950s Windscale 
leak and bomb fall out allowed 
some to get into milk and it was 
realised that the body would 
treat it like calcium ( a chemi¬ 
cal sister) which helps to stiffen 
our bones. 

As the strontium 90 breaks 
down, it will change its chemis¬ 
try and the bone is weaker. The 
radio-particle it tosses out is 
also believed to start bone can¬ 
cer and leukaemia. 

What about our children and 
following generations? We 
believe the genetic information 
is passed on by a system not un¬ 
like a tape recording. What if 
carbon 14 breaks down and 
buggers the tape? 

“Misread ”, “Out of control” 
wails our little computer in the 
body cell. Luckily most such 
damaged cells die off and health- 
ones step in. 

But some survive, changed, 
mutations. Most of these turn 
out to be extremely nasty and 
are called cancer. 

2 Bread a. d Roses 



Turbine room of Dungeness Atomic Power Station, as 
seen in their own glossy tourist booklet (above) and 
.as it really was in July 1979 (below). 


Where have all the people gone 
sitting in their square boxes 
on top of the world ? 

Where is the person 
who put us all here 
to live to die 
in our confined spaces 
of ego trips and hate ? 

Give me the bottle 
and I'll smash their system 
while all the glowing contors 
of Love 

escape in blue crystals 
and ice-formed prisms 
of despair 

But when the bottle is empty 
I'll lie here and cry 
because all these little people 
in all those little boxes 
don't notice 
nor care 

They close their doors 
shut their minds 
and exist in the garbage 
they pile on the wall 

So there ain't no way 
to live in peace 
while all those boxes 
of well kept hate 
are kept tidily stacked 
in your back yard 

Normy Hackney squat ’78 

This is democracy? 

Since the elections we have 
had a Tory budget, designed 
to hammer us with a doubling 
of VAT. But might not 
Labour have whopped on 20 
per cent VAT?, some folks 
think so. We’ll never know, 
but there are a few Tories 
bleating about the bad effects 
of high VAT (on their trade 
of course). 

It is easy to add to the list 
of crimes committed by the 
new regime, but is it really 
much different from the old 
one. Sure they’ll do more 
damage to the NHS, but how 
much has Labour left to 

: All these left-right tussles 

! are trivial when compared to 
! the enormous tasks ahead of 
us if we are to dismantle the 
class system, wage slavery, 
sex-roles in the family, etc. 

The State continues. 


The Politicians got a kick in 
the teeth with the European 
election. Even our gullible 
voters couldn’t be conned that 
there was anything to vote for. 

The “don’t cares” won by 
2:1. While the Liberals rabbit 
on about the unfairness of the 
election, we “don’t cares” are 
’^ pleased not to waste 
time in the Strasbourg Parlia- 

Actually we never get much 
over 80 per cent voting, that’s 
a good turn-out, and only 
half the population is given a 
vote. The rest of us keep off 
-the register, are too young, 
jailed or what have you. 

Time to bring the voting 
minority to its senses. 


Anarchy cannot have repre¬ 
sentatives elected for five year 
parliaments. We need to keep 
power with the people. 

We prefer to send delegates 
to put our views on single 
issues, even vote on them. 
These are calied mandated 
delegates. Once they have 
done their mandate they are 
recalled back. On return they 
report back to us and if they 
haven’t done well enough, we 
send off someone else to get it 

This automatic recall shields 
us from professional politicans. 
No more Jeremy Thorpes. 
(The judge cleared Jeremy of 
obvious crookedness and only, 
by his speech to the jury, 
convicted him df homosexual¬ 
ity which isn’t an offence!) 

A befter idea of anarchist 
democracy can be found in 
our leaflet “What is Anarchist 
Communism?” due out now. 

Co-ops & communes 

A lot of people were interested 
. in the article about a motor¬ 
bike co-operative in the last 
Bread and Roses. 

Some have asked us “do you 
think we can move towards an 
anarchist communist society by 
setting up workers’ co¬ 

The answer to that has to be 

Such ventures can make life 
more pleasant, at least for a 
time, for the people directly 
involved, and can provide other 
people with a glimpse of what 
could be, but they do not in 
themselves pose any real threat 
to the existing system. 

For one thing, they have to 
operate within capitalism, and 
like any creature which wants 
to survive they adapt to their 
environment. Anarchism in one 
firm, like socialism in one coun¬ 
try, is a mirage. 

For another thing, it takes a 
lot of money, or a lot of luck, 
or both, to set up a co-op. It 
is not an option which is open 

to the the vast majority of the 
working class. 

And even where it is possible 
to set up co-ops, they are usually 
in a fairly marginal part of 
society. The “commanding 
heights” of the economy remain 
untouched. It is not peaceful 
competition, but that total 
“breach of the peace” social 
revolution, which will wrest 
these from the grasp of the 
ruling class. 

The same advantages and limi¬ 
tations apply to communes as to 
co-ops. We are enthusiastically 
in favour of communal living, 
both in the anarchist future and 
here and now. But we don’t kid 
ourselves that a few people 
living a more friendly sort of 
life, at least for a time, is the 
revolution. Revolution is a lot 
bigger-and a lot less comfor¬ 
table—than that. 

Still, it’s nice to know that, 
if your comrades come back 
from the barricades and you 
don’t, they will look after the 

Bread and Roses 3 


WHAT'S IT like when traditional sex roles are 


A man with full time responsibility for 
three children, two of them pre-school age, 
speaks about his experiences and feelings. 

Question: What do you like about staying 

home with the kids while their mother goes 
out to work? 

Answer: I used to have to be at work 

by eight o’clock. This meant rushing out with 
no breakfast, to catch the bus or train. And 
if I didn’t get there till 8.20, then brother I 
was late. 

I still have to get up pretty early because 
the two younger ones demand attention, and 
because I’ve to get Terry up, give him his 
breakfast, and see him off to school. But 1 
don’t have a mad dash out the door. 

Also I don’t have a boss or foreman standing 
over me. 

Question: What don’t you like about it? 

Answer: Not bringing in a wage. 

Isolation from adult contact, particularly 
contact with other men I suppose, as I do meet 
a few women. 


Although l*m isolated I’ve got no privacy. 
There’s hardly ever peace and quiet. Some¬ 
times when things go wrong, and both kids_ 
start yelling, it drives me frantic. Oncel kicked 
Bobby’s rocking horse so hard it went right 
across the room and broke in two. 

When I was the breadwinner I worked hard, 
but at break times I sat down, drank tea. and 
lit a cigarette. I suppose I could make myself 
a cup of tea at home but I couldn t relax. 
Interruption guaranteed. 

Housework isn’t hard physically, but it s 

Question: What are the reactions of other 

people, and do you ever find these reactions 

Answer: Well I’ve got a hide like a 

rhinoceros so maybe there have been things 
which would have upset somebody else that 
I haven’t even noticed. But as far as 1 know 
reaction has been okay. 


Some building workers once made a funny 
remark as I went past which I didn’t quite 
catch, But that didn’t bother me. Anyway I’m 
in no position to blame them as I’ve done 
exactly the same thing when I was working as 
a carpenter. 

Some men seem quite impressed to see a 
man coping, apparently successfully, with two 
very young children. Perhaps others lind it 
odd but take a good look at me and decide 
not to say so. I don’t want to exaggerate but I 
can seem the sort you might hesitate to upset. 

As for the reaction of women. ... I’d better 
be careful what I say. The woman next door 

once asked me if I felt “emasculated”. But 

she had a twinkle in her eye at the time. She 
knew perfectly well I didn t. She was indulging 
in a bit of sexual teasing. 

Women shop assistants smile warmly and 
are more than polite. Women generally seem 
glad to see me with the kids. 

The only thing which upsets me a bit is the 
attitude of “revolutionaries . Some middle 
class “feminists” and “libertarians” show less 
understanding than ordinary working class 

Question: How does it work out econ¬ 


Answer: Joanne brings home about £5o 

a week clear from her audio-typing. Then 
we’ve got family allowance. I’ve had a couple 
of tax "rebates which have helped, but each is 
smaller than the last, and they don’t continue 
indefinitely. I've been looking for part time 
work for a while but it ain’t easy. If I have to 
pay too much for child-care I could end up 
working for nothing. And I need to be sure 
the kids are properly looked after. 


Question: How has it affected your rela¬ 

tionship with your partner? 

Answer: Our sex life is much the same 

as it was, which is pretty good when we’re 
not too tired to enjoy it. There hasn’t been 
any change of position in bed, well no more 
than the usual variation anyway and she 
doesn’t say to me “come on, get your 
knickers down” or anything like that. Actually 
I don’t think I would mind if the change had 
placed new demands on me. 

Did you know the Wages For Housework 
Campaign counts sex with the breadwinner 
as work which should be paid? Wonder how 
much I’m owed? It’s nice work it you can gel 

happier. She’d had enough of being stuck at 
home. Her employer is a pig, but aren’t they 
all. She’s made friends with her workmates, 
and they’ve even won a small victory against 
the boss. 

I get the housewives’ blues. But I don’t 
blame Joanne when I’m upset, I know it’s 
just something inherent in the nature of house¬ 
work in this soceity. 

Question: H^w does this arrangement 

compare with the usiujl one? Better, worse, 
or the same? 

Answer: Well it’s better in the sense 

that at least we discussed how to arrange 
things and made a joint decision. (For prac¬ 
tical reasons mind you. not ideological ones.) 
Apart from that I think it’s much the same. 
Question: How does it compare with 

both parents going out to work? Do you in¬ 
tend to go out to work again when the kids 

arc all in school? 

Answer: We did both go out to work 

for a time and it was hell. Joanne had to get 
the kids to the minder, because of her later 
starting time. We were really lucky because it 
was Sally next door who looked after them, 
which was both convenient and much nicer 

still hell. And it"was embarrassing money 
changing hands between friends, we weren t 
sure if we were paying Sally enough. I do in¬ 
tend to go out to work again. But it will be 
more than three years before all the kids are 
in school. 

Question: Do you think the children 

are as happy with you as they would be if 
their mother was staying home with them? 
Answer: Yes. In fact Esther (nearly 

four) says she prefers it this way. Bobby is 
too young to express a preference, but 
Terry is quite happy about it. Of course we 
sometimes make each other miserable, but 
that really is the fault of the kind of 
society we live in, and nothing to do with 
who’s holding the baby. I like most child¬ 
ren. and particularly love my own. They 
know Daddy isn’t perfect but they love me 


Question: Do you draw any general 

conclusions from your experience? 

Answer: I’ve confirmed the conclusions 

I came to much earlier in life. 

The working class must seize power. That 
is the only way we’ll put an end to the quiet 
desperation which is the lot of most people. 

I don’t mean we need a “workers’ govern¬ 
ment”. There’s no such thing. We must 
change things directly, at work and in the 

The isolated family living in a flat in the 
big city is a modern abberation. a temporary 
abberation in human society. Most human 
beings throughout history have lived in 
“extended family” systems. 

There was a lot wrong with it, but at least 
people did try to help. You didn’t get old 
folk becoming sick and dying without any¬ 
body even knowing, for instance. 

My own childhood in a Scottish village was 
spent surrounded by the clan, so many rela¬ 
tionships I never did wprk them all out. 

We’ve got to begin to break down the 
barriers that separate us. Even though it’s a 
process that won’t be completed this side of 
^ revolution. This is the best hope for us all, 
parents, children, the old, the sick, everybody. 

4 Bread and Roses 


BREAD & ROSES is the ’’paper of the Anarchist 
'Communist Association.” But that doesn’t mean that 
everything printed in it has to fit an ACA "line" . We 
will print things by members of the ACA which don't 
have the official stamp of approval, and we will print 
things by readers who aren't in the ACA which don't 
fit in with ACA policy. 

CENSORSHIP - we probably wouldn't print anything 
racist, except perhaps in order to give an editorial 
reply to it. Otherwise, the only censorship is one of 
style. We like things to be written so that we can 
understand them. (If we can, anybody can). 


We would particularly like to hear from you about 
things which have happened to you, things you have 
done, things which you have been involved in along with 
others, and the lessons you draw from experience . 

Subscribe f! 

FREEDOM and equality 

The Anarchist Communist Association exists to fight 
for a free and equal society in which people control 
their own lives. 

Society would be planned so that people give what 
they can and get what they need. In place of govern¬ 
ment there would be a network of workplace and 
community councils. 

Anarchism is not an abstract theory or a utopian 
dream. It gets its ideas from the practice of working 
people struggling against their exploitation. In Spain 
during the 1930s thousands of ordinary people con¬ 
trolled their own lives in this way through factory, 
street, and village councils. 


The courts and parliament, police and army, exist to 
protect the interests of the rich and powerful. 

We know from experience that it is useless to try 
and reform these institutions by electing representa¬ 
tives to parliament. Neither can they be captured and 
used in our interests after a revolution. Both simply 
lead to swapping one form of exploitation for another. 

They need to be destroyed completely and immedi¬ 
ately replaced with workers' and community councils. 
If this is to be achieved, we will need to take up arms 
to defend ourselves. 


British Subscription Rate £2.50 for 10 issues 

Relationships now are based on domination and submis 
sion: bosses over workers, men over women, adults 
over children. 

International Rate £4.00 for 10 issues 
Box 2, 136 Kingsland High Street, LondonE8. 

We seek to change all of this. We seek not just an 

economic revolution but one that also frees us in our 
social and personal relationships. 


We in the Anarchist Communist Association have been 
developing our contacts with like minded organisations 
in other countries, including the Organisation Commun- 
iste Libertaire of France, the Anarchist Communist 
Federation of North America, and the Libertarian 
Socialist Organisation of Australia. 

Amonst the fruits of this contact will be news of the 
struggle in other countries, and we can probably all 
learn quite a bit from each others' experiences. 

We expect this development to be reflected in future 
issues of Bread & Roses. 

All letters, articles, cartoons, illustrations, photos, 
etc. , for Bread & Roses, should be sent to Box 2, 

136 Kingsland High Street, London E8 2NS. Same 
goes for all communications to the ACA. Cheques etc. 
should be made payable to the Anarchist Communist 


The way to build for revolution is through direct 
action. This means ignoring official ways of protest¬ 
ing such as general elections. Instead, tactics such 
as occupying factories and squatting empty houses 
should be used. 

It also means making sure that every struggle is 
controlled by the people concerned and not, for 
example, by full time party or union officials. 


• Exploitation not only happens in this country. Ordi¬ 
nary people are exploited throughout the world. In the 
"communist" world as much as in the "free" world. 

The experience of every previous revolution shows 
that there can be no successful revolution in one coun¬ 
try alone and that we need to unite with ordinary 
people everywhere if we are to be free. 


If we want to achieve a free classless society, we 
must organise in the same way. 

The A.C.A. rejects equally the idea of creating a 
party in which a central committee hands down orders 
to the members and also the dis-organisation of other 
anarchist groups. Our organisation aims to provide 
an alternative to both. 

Organisation is necessary because it breaks down 
our individual isolation, helps us to share our experi¬ 
ences,’ and to co-ordinate our activities. In this way, 
each thread of resistance can be gradually woven into 
a tapestry of revolution and freedom. 

Bread and Roses 9 



For years Quentin Hogg ( Lord Hailsham) made noises 
about how unfair our "democratic" system was. 

He described it as "elective dictatorship". 

In 1976 he said the power of parliament to push people 
around was "quite unacceptable" . 

He severely critisised the patronage powers of the 
Prime Minister "who sits like a spider at the centre of 
its web." 

But all that was before a Tory prime minister made 
Lord Sham a member of the government. 

The new spider, elected with the support of just ONE 
THIRD of the electorate (and a lot of them have had 
second thoughts since) exercised her power of patron¬ 
age . And greedy Pigg lapped it up. 

They are all hypocrites, all of them. They wouldn't 
know a principle if it sat up and bit them. 


Well that may be a slight exag¬ 

We don’t want you to send 
letter bombs. 

If you call us nasty names we 
might respond in the same way. 
We don’t believe in turning the 
other cheek. 

And of course we would really 
much prefer constructive 
criticism of our paper and the 

But it’s a matter of opinion what 
constitutes “constructive” criti¬ 
cism, and your opinion may be 
different from ours. 

Every authoritarian outfit from 
the Russian government to the 
International Marxist Group 
will tell you that they welcome 
constructive criticism. 

So-help keep Bread and Roses 
lively, interesting, and different. 
Send us your destructive 


At the beginning of last year 
members of the A.C.A. took 
part in a demonstration of pro- 


A FEW READERS may have 
heard a rumour that Bread and 
Roses has been banned by an 
“anarchist” bookshop. Could 
there possibly be any truth in 

Unfortunately there could. 
Rising Free bookshop in North 
London, run by people who call 
themselves anarchists or liber¬ 
tarians, has sunk to censoring 
class struggle anarchism. 

They sold the first issue of 
Bread and Roses (or rather they 
had it available in their shop 
and it sold itself). And they 
were also apparently quite 
happy about selling the second 

They took the third issue, 
but, having their free read, 
they returned the bundle to 
Us saying that they didn’t want 
to sell it because of the paper’s 

, They didn’t specify any parti¬ 
cular thing they objected to in 
the third issue, but they haven’t 
sold Bread and Roses since. 
Don’t ask us why. 

Still, Bread and Roses was 
never intended as a paper to 
be sold mainly through book¬ 



Five thousand people, “gay” 
and “straight”, marched in 
Trafalgar Square. But the best 
bit about the demonstration 
came at the end of it. 

W. H. Smiths bookshop had 
stopped selling Gay News. So 
over a hundred of those who 
had been on the march went to 
the Smiths bookshop at nearby 
Charing Cross and wrecked it. 
Absolutely tore it apart. 

Now that’s how to deal with 

In some areas third childre 
are treated as “non-persons”- 
for instance, by being deneid a 
ration book. There are persistent 
rumours of forced sterilisation. 

This programme is about as 

o t* day* poptH a r Trfrf? Chinese^counfry^ 

side as Indira Gandhi’s was in 


Our attitude towards “the popu¬ 
lation question” is that there 
isn’t one. We reject equally 
pressure to increase population 
and pressure to decrease it. 

In contrast to state “com¬ 
munism”, we trust in the good 
sense of ordinary people to 
have or not to have children as 
they choose—given the choices 
are known. 

However it has to be said that 
there are some people calling 
themselves “anarchist” ( not 
members of the Anarchist Com¬ 
munist Associaton) who share k 
the totalitarian attitude that 
“that which isn’t forbidden 
should be compulsory”. 

An example of this can be 
found in the “anarchist” paper 
Freedom, which had a front 
page article welcoming China’s 
population programme with the 
words “three cheers for care¬ 
free Chinese fucking! ” 

Silly fuckers. That isn’t 
OUR idea of freedom. 


which used to have a total ban 
on birth control, has reversed 
its policy with a vengeance. 

According fo the ‘Observer’ 
there is now massive social pres¬ 
sure on workers and peasants to 
practice birth control. The child¬ 
less are rewarded with status 
symbols and anyone who has 
more than one child is consider¬ 
ed “irresponsible”. 

I mmiwZ 

INTERESTED ? There are ACA contact addresses 
in Birmingham, Burnley, East Anglia, Glasgow, and 
London. For more details write - or fill in the thing 
below - and send to ACA, Box 2, 136 Kingsland High 
Street, London E8 2NS. 

I want to join the ACA.C—I 

I’d like more information about ACA. [~~j 

(tick whichever is appropriate) 



10 Bread and Roses 





When I first went to school, in 
the infants, I liked it, but now 
"Tm in tne-joni'ors. I hate it. 
Mum often tells me that 
things are better in college. 

The point I’m trying to make 
is the adult-child relationship 
in this society. When you're 
five or six. what teachers think 
is you’re very young, you must 
have a lot of freedom. What 
they think of you when you’re 
17 or 18 is you're growing up. 
you're human now. your 
school life should be interest¬ 
ing. But when you’re 7-16, the 
teachers think hmph you’re 
not too young to be treated 
how we want to treat you and" 
you’re not human yet so we 
may still treat you like shit. 

you didn’t know you could do. 
before. She also said we could¬ 
n’t have a bigger choice of 
games > because we didn’t have 
the equipment. 

My answer to that would be: 
there are two games periods a 
week, so one of them could be 
a free period. (That would be 
an answer to the “games is a 
kind of lesson thing.) 

To the “not enough equip¬ 
ment” thing I’d say the school 
doesn’t make full use of the 
equipment it’s got. 

A few days after that. I. 
started a school kids union, 
which broke down the same 
day cause of football. 

Then I wrote a draft of a 
leaflet expressing my ideas 
about school, which 

I wanted to show to my friend 
Leith to see what he thought of 
it. I didn't get the chance, a 
grassy girl told Miss, who confis 
cated if and said it was a nice 
joke. But if it was a nice joke, 
she was saying it wouldn't 
make any difference and she’s 
not scared of it. but if she con^ 
fiscated it, it means she doesn’t 
want anyone to see it and she’s 


What I’ve done has done 
some good. There are two doors 
to the school corridor, and one 
of them you’re not allowed to 
go through, andonce.I was in¬ 
side, by that door, when some 
children wanted to come in, 
but instead of telling them to 
go to the other door, 1 unbol¬ 
ted the door they were at and 
let them in. One girls tried to 

petty rues 

How I think school could 
be improved is by being able 
to choose which subject you 
want to do, and also not having 
to go to assembly. Petty rules 
really get you down too. On 
Monday 1 was on detention 
(staying 15 minutes longer than 
normal just for moving out of 
my seat in class and talking to 

Once I drew up a petition ask¬ 
ing for games time to be free 
time. 1 got about 18 people on 
my side, took the petition up 
to the head who said I should 
come back with more people on 
the list. So 1 got more ftames 
.on the petition, in fact a majo¬ 
rity of the children in my class 
agreed, until teacher put every¬ 
one off by saying that they had 
enough freedom already, and 
that in games you can find out 
that you can do something that 

stop me, but I said I don’t 
see why we can’t go through 
this door, to which a boy in my 
class said “not you and your 
rights again”. I know this 
doesn’t sound very good, but at 
least he knows what rights are. 
Before, he didn’t. 

By a Primary School Student. 


National Union 
of School Students 
302 Pentonville Road 
London N1 
phone 01-278 3291 

Dear Bread & Roses, 

I can understand the bitter¬ 
ness of the writer of ‘Workers 
United’ towards Socialist 
Challenge, or should we say 
Scabist Challenge. 

The way the “International 
Marxist” paper reported the 
Malvern dispute could have dam¬ 
pened potential support for the 
strikers, and provided very wel¬ 
come reading for Managing Dir¬ 
ector Howe in his last-word-of- 
luxury office. 

They did print a letter of pro¬ 
test from the Strike Committee 
a week later—but cut the bit 
which showed it wasn’t just a 
case of sloppy reporting, but 
sectarian vindictiveness. 

Meanwhile an ever increasing 
number of capitalists are pub¬ 
lishing “employee reports”— 
that is, propaganda aimed at 
those they exploit. 

And according to a survey 
done by R. Hussey of the St. 
Edmund Hall Industrial Rela¬ 
tions Unit. Oxford, most em¬ 
ployees both read and believe 
these reports. 

Which surely makes it even 
more vital to have papers con¬ 
trolled by the workers in which 
a more sceptical view can be 
put forward! 

Ron Jackson 

Dear Friends & Comrades, 

On May 9, 1979 

there was a take over of the Washington 
State Penitentiary at Walla Walla, Wash, 
over the inhuman and illegal treatment 
and conditions. The Penitentiary was 
held for twelve hours non-violently 
before a surrender occurred. The entire 
prison population supported this take¬ 
over, and a member of the Anarchist 
Black Dragon Collective, Carl L. Harp 
was involved. Many other ABDC members 
stood up in support of the take-over 
and Carl's courageous involvement. 

Now Carl is 

buried in segregation facing a major 
political trial this year. If he loses 
he faces 10 years plus "Habitual Crim¬ 
inal" charges along with his four con¬ 
secutive life terms. 

Right now the 

situation is bad. On June 15th a guard 
was killed and the prison has been locked 
down ever since with a massive right wing 
reactionary attack against all prisoners 
here by the guards. We do not know when 
it will let up or what will happen from 

Carl Harp, Robert 
So Green Jr and Robert C. Washburn, all 
involved in the May 9th take-over, have 
been threatened with burial in the seg¬ 
regation unit....literally! We urge your 
support for these three by writing 
protest letters to every official 
possible in the world to keep them safe 
and allow them a fair trial. We urge you 
to send letters of solidarity to these 
three brave prisoners who faced and still 
face death for Justice and Human rights 
in prison. They need our support to give 
them strength and courage. Please help 
them with literature and funds for 
stamps. Please don't let them die or be 
railroaded by the state. They especially 
want to get Carl Harp because he is an 
Anarchist, a revolutionary who has 
fought the state for six years to prove 
his innocence and for Human Rights and 
Justice in prison. Please send money for 
Carl's legal needs to the defence fund:- 

Hennie Mulder 
Hapotoc International 
P.0. Box 10638 
Amsterdam, Holland 

Our love to all of 

you out there. 


Washington State Prison 

Write to Carl as follows:- 

Carl n. Harp 126516 
P.0. Box 520 
Walla Walla WA 99362 


We've decided to have an “Awkward Ques¬ 
tions" feature in Bread & Roses. 

The idea is that you readers spnd us tricky 
questions and we come up with brilliant 
answers and that way convince a lot more 
people our ideas make sense. 

Don't ask us to explain the theory of rela¬ 
tivity though. We could, but that's not what 
this paper's for. 

We mean awkward political questions. If 
you've got any, let's be having them! 

Bread and Roses 




Trouble in the 
goal industry 

DESPITE the very high wages some footballers receive, foot¬ 
ballers generally have to put up with feudal conditions of 
employment. Not only in this country but whereever the game 

is played. 

Now things are beginning to change. The players are organis¬ 
ing and fighting back. In Britain, players are to achieve ‘freedom 
of contract’ this summer. But even this limited success was only 
achieved when the players threatened strike action last year. In 
Spain and the USA the players have gone one step further and 
actually gone on strike. 

The following article on the Spanish footballers’ strike has 
been translated from the newspaper of the CNT, the anarchist 
inspired trade union in Spain, which has a membership 

approaching 500,000. 


Spanish football fans could 
not watch any game on Sun¬ 
day March 4th. For the very 
first time, all the country’s 
professional football players 
were on strike. Every player 
took part from the highest to 
the lowest paid. 

They were striking in sup¬ 
port of the following damands: 
Abolition of the right of clubs 
to retain players. 

No compulsory retirement age. 
Clubs to pay the players ’ 
national insurance contribu¬ 
tions, etc. 

An earlier strike called by 
the players union (the AFE) 
for September 1978 had been 
called off after the Spanish 
Football Federation had pro¬ 
mised to publicise the players’ 
demands by December 31 st 
1978. When they failed to do 
this, the players were left with 
no alternative but strike action. 

However, the players reasons 
for striking were totally distor¬ 
ted by the mass media and 
particularly by Miguel Ors, the 

sports commentator of RTVE 
television, who always took 
the side of the clubs and the 
Federation and never presented 
the players case. 

Despite these attempts to 
make the strike unpopular, the 
strike was a success and no 
football game was played even 
though the Ministry of Works 
declared the strike illegal. 

Faced with this solidarity 
the clubs and the Federation 
reacted in the best Francoist 
tradition by fining the players 
10 per cent of their wages. 

Now it is up to the football 
players to have the last word. 
Are they going to declare inde¬ 
finite strike? 


des jeux olympiques 
moscou 1980 

“The Soviet authorities regard the forthcoming Olympic Games as an event of great significance 
for their propaganda. . . The operation of clearing Moscow of dissidents has already been 
launched and we expect the escalation of this campaign. We implore you to prevent it.” 

So appealed the Moscow Helsinki Moni¬ 
toring Group to the International Olympic 
Committee (IOC). IOC have listened keenly 
with a deaf ear and made it clear they’ll dis¬ 
qualify any sportsman to make a ‘political 
gesture’ (protest). 

Meanwhile the KGB is taking steps to keep 
all dissidents from seeing foreign Games 
visitors. It has two men on the Moscow 
Games organising committee, A. Gresko and 
S. Nikitin. To rub salt in the wound, prisoners 
in labour camps are off normal chores to 
make souvenirs for the Games. 


The mentality of all dictatorships loves 
ceremony and spectacle. Hitler also used the 
1936 Berlin Olympic Games to show the 
‘success’ of Nazism! 

The 1980 Olympic spectacle will show the 
triumph of Soviet bureaucracy which holds 
the Russian and other peoples of the USSR in 
its iron grip. 

. Olympic Games were aimed to foster free¬ 
dom and brotherhood. Yet what freedom is 
there when thousands of people whose only 
‘crime’ is questioning Stalin’s ideology now 
rot behind barbed wire in labour camps. 

And what freedom is there when perfectly 
sane dissidents are locked up and tortured in 
prisons disguised as psychiatric hospitals? 

Algirdas Zipre, an anti-Communist partisan 
of Lithuania, gave himself up under an 
amnesty in 1956. Two years later he got 25 
years gaol. A more recent decree said the 
maximum was 15 years. So in 1973, when he 
thought his release was due, he was surprised 
with another 10 years. He wrote protesting 
letters, this convinced the authorities he was 
‘insane’ and he’s now in the psychiatric sec¬ 
tion of the camp. 

There are thousands of others. 


Vladimir Klebanov, N. Nikolaev and G. Ivan¬ 
kov are in ‘psychiatric care’ for attempting 
to form a trade union independent of the 

Valentin Poplavski is fired and beaten up 
for not reprimanding a woman who com¬ 
plained about the misuse of company funds 
for drinking funds. 

That’s brotherhood for you. Like the 
shooting or gaoling of strikers. It’s freedom 
for you. Like the freedom of dissidents to be 
fired and then branded as parasites in prison! 

Grouge Sacco-Vanzetti Federation Anarchist 


The USSR contains all the empire of the old 
Tsars and a few others thrown in. The Red 
Army is always ready to support brother 
tyrants in Hungary or Czechoslovakia -with 
tanks—if the workers there get any freedom. 

South African Rugby and Cricket teams in 
1970 met with determined opposition from 
the Left. This was the best thing to do with a 
spectacle for the brutal and oppressive regime 
of that country, but have you heard the noisy 
silence, over the Moscow Olympics? 

Stalin’s regime-it’s not much changed in 
the 24-odd years since his death-is no better 
than Vorster’s. The only opposition seems to 
be Right-winger Norris McWhirter (Guiness 
book of records) and Frank Chappie (Elec¬ 
tricians’ and Plumbers’ Union), who will make 
their own propaganda for the alternative 
tyranny of the likes of the National Associa¬ 
tion for ‘Freedom’ (NAFF) or whatever. 

As Libertarians, we champion liberty 
against all tyrannies, regardless of form or 
colour. Freedom would have a set-back with 
the Moscow Olympics, we must campaign to ' 
stop them. 

Terry Liddle 

REFIENEER last year's 
crossword? Well, this 
is the solution. 

M A K I K L T 



Nothing short of an earthquake is going to 
stop the games. What we should be doing is 
using the games as a springboard in a cam¬ 
paign to publicise the plight of workers in 
the Soviet Union. The soviet authorities 
are sensitive to pressure and criticism, especi¬ 
ally from the labour movement. Anyone 
interested in getting a campaign together 
should write to the ACA. 

East End (Offset) Ltd. PO Box 82. London, E2 


FEB/MAR 1980 







Other cuts seem not only cruel 
but petty; cutting back on 
services which mean a lot <o a 
few people, but which cost very 
little. Tobacco and sweets 
allowances worth £1 a week will 
be cut from old people’s homes. 
A playgroup in a polytechnic in 
London which would give single 
parents a chance to study, is to 
be axed when the cost to keep 
it going is a meagre £132 a year. 


The Conservative party have forced local councils to cut Dacx on 
social services. The Labour party warned us that this would happen, 
However, Labour councils are not only making the full cuts, but, 
like the Tories are doing so in areas where they hope to meet the 
least resistance: attacking the unemployed, the old, the sick (see 
inside), and the young, 

Unemployment figures are 
already rising, and the closures 
of schools and hospitals will 
certainly make sure that trend 
continues, and leaye fewer 
vacancies for those already 


Old people in council run accom¬ 
modation are to have their heat¬ 
ing turned down - a measure 
which illustrates the control the 
council can exercise over people's 
lives, and a measure which 
could easily lead to tragedy. 

• Paraffin heaters will be used 
again to make up for the drop in 
temperature after they have been 
phased out due to the accidents, 
particularly with old folk, para¬ 
ffin and its fumes have caused. 

day to day responsibilities for 
young children, have won a re¬ 
prieve for cuts against the 
underfives. They did this by 
demonstrating outside the Town 
Hall and social service meetings; 
by petitioning the area where 
playgroups, schools, and mother 
and toddler groups were to be 
closed; by making phone calls, 

writing to and visiting ward 
councillors telling them how 
their patch was going to be 



Hearing that millions of pounds 
are being cut from the health 
service, or from education, only 
implies that services already 
inadequate are going to be more 
so. You cannot feel the "cutting 
millions of pounds" causing 
hardship - that's why politicians 
use such phrases - but losing 
your job, having the local hos¬ 

pital or nursery closing down 
brings this hardship directly to 
you. It was by localising the 
campaign in Islington that they across that cuts are real.' 
Sir Keith Joseph, who is rich 
and priveleged, clearly has not 
grasped the reality. The disabl¬ 
ed, he admits, do not have 
sufficient care facilities. Why? 
Because we do not work hard 
enough to improve our balance 
of payments. So work hard and 
then the Tories will recommend 

In Islington, North London, 
local parents and others with 

increased care. Labour give us 
a similar message when they, 
hold the whip. 


Who are they trying to kid? The 
millions of small children, sick 
or disabled people, and old age 
pensioners who need constant or 
near constant care, need that 
care now. Pain doesn't wait for 
profits. The government, with 
all its power, knowingly inflicts 
pain for the sake of that few who 
gain the profit. Jndeed profits 
have increased so much (400% 
from 1973 to 1978) in a time that 
public spending has decreased 
so much (except on -the military, 
and on the increasingly military 
police force), that it is clear 
that no government has any 
intention of easing suffering. 
They mention the misery caused 
by the lack of necessary facili¬ 
ties only to make us feel guilty 
about it. 




• -L; .A. 


The Engineering Dispute: 


TERRY DUFFY hailed last autumn's engineering strike 
as a great success - thanks of course to his "tough 

But was it such a great success? And who really • 
was the driving force behind the strike? 

What follows is the view of an A.C.A. member who 
was active in the strike. 

To begin with the strike 
was called for one day a 
week, Monday, for three 
weeks. The response of 
the Engineering Employ¬ 
ers Federation (EEF) was 
so vicious that it provoked 
the CSEU into expanding 
the action to two days a 

Balls U| j 

At first I opposed the 
action, pointing out that 
at no time had I, or any¬ 
one else, been consulted. 
If head office was so keen 
on the strike they were 
welcome to it. However 
you can't preach solidari¬ 
ty and not practice itr. So 
I joined the ranks of the 
faithful. A com¬ 

mittee had been set up 
for the area consisting of 
paid officials of the CSEU 
unions and some shop 
stewards. This dealt 
with exemptions from 
strike action, safety -men 
and security people and 
so on. They even made 

a balls-up of that. 


The real direction came 
from the group of mili¬ 
tants I am active in. We 
took the name "The Liai¬ 
son Committee for the 
Defence of the CSEU 
claim”. We undertook a 
constant picket of the two 
or three scab places where 
help was needed. It was 
not without its risks: two 
people were knocked down, 
or hit by a coach driven 
at speed through the pick¬ 
et line. In one case a 
scab drove his car through 
the line at a fantastic 
speed, carrying one per¬ 
son about 20 feet on his 
bonnet. The driver 
stopped and then com¬ 
plained about damage to 
his car. The hitherto 
peaceful picket degener¬ 
ated into something very 
near a riot and the man¬ 
agement called the 
police. However they sent 

the scabs home without 

Assaulting a bus 

Though the police were 
informed about the two 
incidents they declined to 
take any action. One ser¬ 
geant said quite openly 
that his job was to get the 
coach through, and if any¬ 
one got hurt trying- to stop 
it that was their fault. If 
he caught them he would 
have them down the road. 
Another policeman com¬ 
plained about damage 
being done to a coach. 
When he heard that the 
blinker was busted be¬ 
cause it had caught my 
shoulder when the driver 
broke through, he walked 
away. But the point was 
understood by all. The 
police had been bought. 
Maggie's 60% had been 
money well spent. 

Fighting the state 

Halfway through the 
strike it seemed like 
stalemate. The EEF 
wouldn't bend and the 
Union couldn't, or so 
we thought. The chief 
spokesman for the CSEU, 
Duffy of the AUEW, put us 
right. He went on record 
as saying that 
he would 
concede points 
three and four, 
as well as 
dropping the 
£80 ceiling 
called for in 
point one. 

This is when 

the strike was 
solid! God 
knows what 
would have 
happened if 
there had been 
a collapse of 

The EEF 
tried to esca¬ 
late the trouble 
by talking 
about a lock 
out. That*this 
was taken up by 
a firm owned 
by the National 

Ithe visif 




The engineering claim consisted originally of 13 
points, but the executive of the Confederation of 
Shipbuilding and Engineering Unions (CSEU) cut 
this down to 4 points. 

1. £80 minimum for skilled and pro rata for semi 
and unskilled. 

2. Two extra days holiday a year. 

3. A reduction in the working week to 35 hours by 

4. A common implementation date. 



C>NE HOUR off the working week in 1982; 

ONE DAY'S extra holiday for the next 5 years. 

Enterprise Board was of 
great significance. To me 
at least it meant that we 
were clearly fighting the 
Government, not just the 
bosses. When Rolls Royce 
locked out its employees 
they asked workers at 
firms doing sub-contract 
work to black Rolls Royce 
jobs. Every firm asked 
did so. But there was a 
problem. About 20 firms, 
small ones, had conceded 
the unions' claim. Several 
of these were on sub¬ 
contract to Rolls Royce, 
whose shop stewards com? 
mittee wanted them to 
black the work. But the 
District Committee of the 
AUEW, the biggest union 
in the Confed., said no. 
The unions having given 
their word must keep it; 
if these firms had conce¬ 
ded the claim they were 
entitled to work. They 
couldn'J; understand that 
the struggle had widened: 
Maggie Thatcher and her 
friends hadn't conceded. 

Worth it? 

Why was the strike 
called in the first place? 
Duffy being in the AUEW 
was up for election next 
year and had to try to 
prove himself. Also his 
pride was hurt by the cav¬ 
alier way the EEF treated 
the original four point 


Was it worth it ? No. 
The C onfed. negotiate on 

two levels, the important 

one being the local one. 
The national claim made 
the fight for the local wage 
deals so much harder. 
Indeed the executive of the 
AUEW told the EEF that 
'if they accepted the natio¬ 
nal claim they would see 
that the local wage claims 
were kept to a minimum. 


What should we have done ? 
We should have politicised 
the strike. Easier said 
than done but at least we 
should have tried. 

It should have been 
pointed out that we were 
fighting the Government, 
not just the EEF, and that 
only widening the struggle 
to involve all sections of 
the class could bring them 

Other sections of the 
working class are going 
to find themselves in 
struggle with the Thatcher 
regime. The best way 
for the engineering work¬ 
ers to break out of a 
straitjacket settlement 
is to side with them in 
their fight to defend 
living standards and 
shorten hours. 

2 Bread a, d Roses 


When Maggie Thatcher * ‘emerg¬ 
ed" as Tory leader, and then 
went on to win the support of 
advertising agencies, media 
pundits, and one third of the 
electorate as prime minister, 
much was made of the fact that 
she is a woman. She herself 
would have ndhe of it - she 
attached much greater signifi¬ 
cance to the fact that she was 
the first science graduate prime 

This was bad news for those 
of us who love science - it’s 
people like Thatcher who get 
science associated with soul¬ 
less automatons. Oh, she smiles 
more than Spock of Star Trek 
does, but her smile looks like a 
programmed reaction. And at 
least Spock is half human. 

But the truth of the matter is 
that Thatcher’s policies owe a 
lot more to the darkest kind of 
Tory tribal mumbo jumbo than to 
reason and scientific method. 

And her typical reaction when 
things go wrong (which, given 
false initial assumptions, they 
are bound to) is to blame workers 
outside agitators, reds, commun¬ 
ists, anarchists. 

We can be sure of hearing 
plenty of this in the months 


Industry has drawn up plans for 
bosses' solidarity. The "free 
market” is to be cast aside, and 
strong firms are to help weaker 
ones to resist workers’ demands. 

This policy had a certain 
amount of success during the 
engineering dispute. The bosses 
successfully resisted demands 
for a shorter working week - they 
were very glad to get away with 

The supplementary benefit 
scheme works to ensure that no 
one is too poor to survive. The 
D.H.S.S. Department of Health 
and Social Security realise that 
it does not work too well, and 
have produced a document - 
“Social Assistance” - which 
shows how they want things 

•new claims 

For the first eight weeks of 
their claim, unemployed or 
disabled people, people caring 
for elderly or sick relatives at 
home, widows and single parents 
would be put on a standard pay¬ 
ment regardless of rent - with 
no back payments to help with 
arrears. Those who resigned 
from, or were sacked from their 
last job, would still have 40% 
deducted from this basic rate 
for that period. 


The scheme would be generally 
removed from judicial review. 
Lump sum payments needed for 
furniture, clothing etc., have in 
fact, often been increased when 

an appeal has been made against 
an inadequate offer. This right 
of appeal is to be completely 
taken away. 

exceptional needs 

People with exceptional needs - 
diabetics, those particularly 
sensitive to the cold, those who 
need regular transport to and 
from hospital for example - will 
no longer get any “exceptional 
circumstances additions” but 
will have to rely upon a derisory 
6 monthly payment of £6.50 per 
single person - top whack! 


Over 2 million pensioners need 
to claim supplementary benefits 
due to inadequate pensions. The 
Supplementary Benefits Review 
recommends that the rate of 
benefit for pensioners be red¬ 
uced by 40p 

sponsors & 
school leavers 

Sponsors would be ’unlikely to 
offer sponsorship to immigrants 
in the future. If a sponsored 
settler needed to claim, the 

sposor would be expected to 
support them! 

School leavers will no longer 
be able to recieve any benefits 
at all until the next term begins. 
This leaves them dependent 
upon their perents and more 
likely to take the first job they 
can get. 


When two people of the opposite 
sex live together, one would be 
identified as “the breadwinner" 
and the other as “the dependant” 
All women would be initially 
regarded as dependents, having 
to challenge the mans status 
with her own employment record. 
Three-quarters of all women 
would in this way never be 
treated as “breadwinners”, 

equal treatment 

The ‘ ‘nominated breadwinner" 
scheme would not bring equal 
treatment for men and women 
claiming supplementary benefit. 

A system which defines certain 
claimants as dependent on other 
people and refuse to provide 
them with an independent income 


snouia oe cut—so we can spend more on 
arms. This is known in politics as being 



Most workers have claims pend¬ 
ing for a shorter working week. 
But nobody has really made the 
breakthrough yet. It is vital that 
it should be made - apart from 
benefitting the workers directly 
concerned, it could cut unempl¬ 
oyment “at a stroke”. 

The print union, NGA, 
is making a top-priority 
push for the 35-hour week. 
And even traditionally more 
backward" sections of workers 
are realising how far their con¬ 
ditions fall behind their counter¬ 
parts in the Common Market and 
other countries - for instance, 
the farm workers have a claim 
CO NT. P 6 - 4 . 

one hour oTthe week in 1981. 

Of course, if all sections of 
the working class stand together, 
demonstrate solidarity, and help 
each others’ struggles, bosses 
may rediscover that they are 


The dispute at Times News¬ 
papers ended in defeat for the 
management's offensive. The 
workers went back to increases 
of 50 to 60 percent (thinly dis¬ 
guised as productivity deals in 
some cases) with little conces¬ 
sion to the bosses' original 
list of demands. 

The other Fleet Street bosses 
“welcomed” the return of Times 
Newspapers, but expressed 
horror at the implications for 

would put them in a position of 
having their personal relation¬ 
ships and control of their'own 
lives dictated by the state, 

minimum incomes 

The review team did consider 
treating all claiments individ¬ 
ually but dismissed the idea as 
too expensive! However, if a 
basic minimum income was paid 
to those out of work - consider¬ 
ably higher than the current 
level of supplementary benefit - 
a vast proportion of todays 
claiments would no longer need 
to claim. 

The biggest problem with 
supplementary benefits is that 
the money is simply not enough 
to live on. The review team 
admit that benefits are too low, 
but they do not recommened any 

more money to the scheme. Their 
answer is to admit that some 
claimants will recieve ‘‘rough 
justice’’ - as if they didn’t 

national campaign 

By happily dishing out their 
rough justice for people already 
in poverty they do no less than 
gamble with lives, and make 
whole sections of the community 
even poorer. If you 
would like more informa¬ 
tion about the review, or 
would like to join the 
"National Campaign against 
Social Security Cuts" you 
can contact them at- 
Flat C, 

20, Colville Square, 

London WU 
Tel. 01-221-6877. 

Bread and Roses 3 


A GROWING number of 
groups and individuals on 
the libertarian left are 
becoming involved in the 
Campaign for Solidarity 
with the Soviet Working 
Class, following the initia¬ 
tive taken by members of 
the A. C. A . and Solidarity . 

The Campaign is also 
spreading overseas — the 
Spanish Anarcho-Commun- 
ist group La Cecilia are 
organising a similar cam¬ 
paign concentrating on the 
defence of the comrades 
who have been interned in 
the infamous Serbsky 
Institute, a psychiatric 
institution for the impris¬ 
onment of dissidents. The 
article announcing the for¬ 
mation of the campaign 
which was published in 
"Bread and Roses" has 
been republished in the 
Portuguese libertarian 
journal "A Batalha". 

The British campaign 
held a meeting on 
December 9 to discuss 
the initiation of a continu¬ 
ing campaign of direct 
action (we have several 
potential targets in mind) 

Cortt. -from page 3 

in for £100 a week for a 35 hour 
week. This represents more 
than 100% on their present wage. 

Of course farmers will say 
they can't afford it. As a country 
boy myself, with plenty of ex¬ 
perience of gathering tatties and 
so on as a “casual". I know 
what farmers are like. They 
moan all the way to the bank. 

The bosses have a crisis on 
their hands. They are trying to 
make the workers pay for it. In 
these circumstances there can . 
be no standing still for the 
working class. We either go 
forward - or back. 

We cannot afford to be defeat¬ 
ed. It was the defeats of the 
Twenties which led directly to 
the terrible experience of the 

We mustn't fall for the bosses 
line about "one man's wage 
rise is another man's price rise”. 
The bosses are rich. They can 
afford wage rises without put¬ 
ting prices up. 

And if they won 't bloody well 
do it, then it's higli time we got 
rid of the boss class once and 
for all. 

The workers - UNITED - 
really con’t be defeated. 



y In fact, you don't have anarchy anywhere in the f y 
/world today — though here and there you can find prom-/ 
Rising glimpses of what could be. y 

/ Just occasionally you find something which the pow- ^ 
/ers that be would condemn as "anarchy", which we / 
^anarchists would hail as such. ^ 

/ So, to answer this question about the 80's, they look / 
^like being a time of increasing chaos (not exactly / 

/sticking our necks out very far saying that) in which / 
^the advancing decay of class society will nfhke the story^ 

aimed at winning further 
support (in particular 
from the organised work¬ 
ing class movement), 
gaining publicity in the 
mass-media, making 
more widely known the 
struggle c£ the Soviet 
working class against the 
parasitic bureaucracy and 
the terrible plight of those 
who have suffered impris¬ 
onment and victimization 
at the hands of the K. G. B. 
for their participation in 
the struggle. 

Unless militants in the 
West speak out on their 
behalf many of them, their 
health undermined by the 
harsh conditions ctf their 

/ so far look fairly rational 


/ A lot of people, disturbed at being in the grip of 
/forces they can't control, frightened by a world gone 
^mad, will seek irrational "solutions" in a form of 
/madness themselves. Apocatyptic religious sects 
/will be on fertile ground. 

y But others will look for a more sensible way out of 
/ the mess by seeking to take control of their own lives, 
y the places where they work, their communities, their 
/environment, in free and equal co-operation with their / 
.imprisonment, face death / fellow human beings. So yes, we do expect the 80's to Z 

behind the barbed wire of / se e an increase in anarchy, 
the Gulag. / 

... . , y We are of course going to do our little bit to try to 

Future activities include a / r , , 

.. ,, / undermine the power of every government and would- 

meetmg on the anniversary/ ^ governmenti and to try t „ ensure that libertarian 

e a ° ns a f e J° an ^ communism prevails throughout the world. We are 
the repudiation of Petro- <y , a , . aI 

. ., f. happy to work with other libertarians and anarchists 
chenko's (chairman of the / . ...... * . ... 

y in this — on a clearly thought out and agreed basis. 


Help us make it the anarchic eighties! 

Kronstadt Commune) 

pamplet "The Truth About r y We think this paper has a role to play in making the / 
Kronstadt" A briefing / world a better place. If you agree (or even if you're / 
document about the current / a bit sceptical) we'd like to hear from you. 
struggles of the Soviet y 
Working class, which will / 
be circulated to the trade y 

union movement, is being / All letters, articles, cartoons, illustrations, photos, 
prepared. / etc. , for Bread & Roses, should be sent to Box 2, 

All donations to T. Liddle, / 136 Kingsland High Street, London E8 2NS. Same 
83 Gregory Crescent, /’goes for all commUmications to the ACA. Cheques etc. 
Eltham, London SE9 5RZ.. y should be made payable to the Anarchist Communist 
A Association. 


will it be the 
A^alfchic 80 s? 

At the start of-a new year, indeed, in this case, 
a new decade, it is customary for newspapers to 
print some waffle about the significance of this. 

We have decided to follow the custom - though, of 
course, ours will be better waffle. 

What are the prospects for anarchy in the 
eighties, then? 

At the risk of sounding pedantic, it depends 
what you mean by "anarchy". 

Politicians, television pundits, and hack journal¬ 
ists, use "anarchy" to mean "chaos", which includes 
just about anything they disapprove of. 

Self-proclaimed anarchists, like us, us£ it differ¬ 
ently. Use it properly. 

"Anarchy" means a condition of society in which 
there is no government. 

It does not. mean a condition of society in which 
there are competing governments or would-be govern¬ 
ments. It does not mean a condition of society in 
which a government is behaving even worse than usual. 

So you don't have "anarchy" in Ulster. What you've 
got there is too many governments. 

And you don't have "anarchy” in Iran. What you've 
got there is a fanatically Muslim government 

We have a pamphlet "Introduction to the 
Anarchist Communist Association" which 
is available from us for 20p inc. p&p. 


British Subscription Rate £2.50 for 10 issues 

International Rate £4.00 for 10 issues 
Box 2, 136 Kingsland High Street, LondonE8. 

4 d, eeJ and Roses 


No, I'm not against voluntary contraception. I’Ve 
practised it myself. But all over the world pressures 
on people are overwhelmingly against the right to have 

So far there's been no need for population controllers 
to force their policies on Western women and men; the 
conditions of industrial capitalism have done it for them, 
as any "liberated" woman trying to do two jobs could 
explain to you. According to the New Internationalist, 
a publication concerned with world development and in 
favour of family planning, "All over the world people 
are deciding to have fewer babies. ... It is in the 
industrialised world that family size has dwindled 
most. ... Economic receive only £1 per week 

pressure is the main token maintenance from 

brake. ... For uniike the the father because she 

children of the developing 
world, who cost little 
extra and can be economic 
assets by the age of ten, 
children in the affluent 
world remain expensive 
financial liabilities at least 
until their education is 


Long, fixed hours of 
wage-labour a long jour¬ 
ney from home mean that 
children must be excluded 
from economic life, and 
women or men looking 
after children at home 
become financially depen¬ 
dent (on their partner 
or the state) and looked 
down on. There's no 
halfway; you're a full¬ 
time employee or a non- 
person staying at home, 
perhaps with a low-paid 
dead-end part-time job. 
And the unions, with their 
rigid ideas, like it that 


But the population - 
controllers are taking no 

The National Health is 
pushing birth-control 
on women at ante-natal 
clinics, with loaded ques¬ 
tions and snide remarks 
about their contraceptive 
methods. An obstetrician 
to whom I protested about 
this said, "Obviously, 
small families are better 
from every point of view." 
Full stop. 

will the pill be 
compulsory by 1984 

In August the Scottish 
Sheriff ruled that an un¬ 
married mother should 

hadn't used the Pill. The 
Secretary of State for 
Scotland, George Younger, 
refused to intervene, giv¬ 
ing constitutional reasons 

* 9 “ 

nurseries, lie decides 
that he wants Mother to 
have a disincentive to 
work because the family 
needs her care. 

'Child Benefit has the 
disadvantage (compared 
with tax allowances) of 


why he should keep out of 
it. Labour MP Judith 
Hart had planned to ask 
the Lord Advocate to do 
something, since accord¬ 
ing to the Guardian "the 
decision would seem to 
introduce a new principle 
into the law". 

How long before single 
mothers are denied sup¬ 
plementary benefit on the 
same principle ? 

anti-family policy 

To look at the record of 
governments in recent 
years on matters affect¬ 
ing families is to have the 
impression leap out at you 
that the ruling class wants 
to keep the population 

The tax position of fam¬ 
ilies has steadily declined. 
Child tax allowances were 
completely abolished, to be 
replaced by Child Benefit, 
which the Tories have fro¬ 
zen because Thatcher 
thinks they are a disincen¬ 
tive to work. 

Yet when Mr Jenkin is 
considering paying for day 

seeming like a handout. 
You have to queue up for 
it and it's not linked to 
(or called) earnings. 

And since it's deducted 
from dole or supplemen¬ 
tary benefit, it doesn't 
even help those who 
aren't paying taxes. 

It's all the more out¬ 
rageous that the public 
service cuts, which are 
supposed to balance the 
loss to the state caused 
by Tory tax reductions, 
are so overwhelmingly 
aimed at the people whom 
the tax cuts benefit least 
- children, the old and 

On the level of indi¬ 
vidual families in the 
West, it's like the ruling 
class telling us we have a 
duty to support our own 
families and labelling as 
inadequate families who 
want tax benefits or pub¬ 
lic services — when, as 
employees and housewives, 
we are already supporting 
the "self-reliant" upper 
classes who live on our 

plenty to go round- 

but who gets it? 

The N.I. tells us, "... it 
is estimated that only 
half of the world's poten¬ 
tial agricultural land is 
now being cultivated. ... 
it has been estimated by 
W.H. Pawney of the UN 
Food and Agriculture Or¬ 
ganisation that the earth's 
resources could feed ten 
times its present popula¬ 

A UN conference last 
spring reported that "Eight 
hundred million people are 
destitute ... Other reports I 
show they are getting 
hungrier, although food 
production is growing 
faster than population in 
the Third World, because 
they are too poor to buy 
enough to eat." (Geoffrey 
Lean, Observer) 

what do you want? 

But what it boils down to 
is not one person's statis-* 
-tics or the other person's 
forecasts, but whether you 
think human life is a good 
thing. If you think birth 
should be welcomed and 
old age cherished, you'll 
see any problems of re¬ 
sources or of space as 
just that: not as problems 
of too many people. 

The population-control 
enthusiasts have a capital¬ 
ist outlook - all they care 
about is technology and 
money for the benefit of 
a superhuman elite. 

Ideally they'd like the 
proles to be born at 16 
and die at 50, or better 
yet have all the work 
done by robots. 

So they tell women 
that being well-groomed, 
child-free and steadily em¬ 
ployed in some nice clean 
air-conditioned office is 
”liberation" and "fulfil- 

___ ^ 

ment", while raising chil¬ 
dren is dirty and plebeian. 
Women and men are taught 
to worship free-spending, 
loveless and of course 
childless fucking. That's 

Is that the kind oi 
world that working- 
class.people want ? 

Bread and Roses 9 

Friends & neighbours.. 


paper of the Anarchist Workers Alliance of Ireland 

’DUBLIN c/o Alan MacSimoin, 49a Leinster Road, 

Dublin 6. 

BELFAST Box AWA, 7 Winetavern Street, Belfast 1. 

The North American 

published by the Anarchist- POB 2, Station O, 
Ccfrnmunist Federation of North Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
America (ACF-N'A). M4B2B0 


cloud set off down the 
river Thames and across 
to Chelsea. A fitting 
passing gesture from a 
factory that crippled a few 
generations with lung 
silicosis (carbon dust). 

But Brian Barnes has 
since been in dock. After 
hearing the case, the fact 
that the local authority will 
not necessarily allow the 
office block by Battersea 
Bridge Road (making the 
demolition totally spiteful), 
■and the time it took the 
pointers to do the mural — 
18 months, the magistrate 
gave Brian an absolute 

And the fight continues. 
The luxury flats and 
offices will do nothing for 

= ■" f OR .' 

Morgans factory crumbling 
before the broom. ‘ 



The Anarchist Communist Association exists to fight 
for a free and equal society in which people control 
their own lives. 

Society would be planned so that people give what 
they can and get what they need. In place of govern¬ 
ment there would be a network of workplace and 
community councils. 

Anarchism is not an abstract theory or a utopian 
dream. It gets its ideas from the practice of working 
people struggling against their exploitation. In Spain 
during the 1930s thousands of ordinary people con¬ 
trolled their own lives in this way through factory, 
street, and village councils. 


The courts and parliament, police and army, exist to 
protect the interests of the rich and powerful. 

We know from experience that it is useless to try 
and reform these institutions by electing representa¬ 
tives to parliament. Neither can they be captured and 
used in our interests after a revolution. Both simply 
lead to swapping one form of exploitation for another. 

They need to be destroyed completely and immedi¬ 
ately replaced with workers' and community councils. 

If this is to be achieved, we will need to take up arms 
to defend ourselves. 


Relationships now are based on domination and submis¬ 
sion: bosses over workers, men over women, adults 
over children. 

We seek to change all of this. We seek not just an 
economic revolution but one that also frees us in our 
social and personal relationships. 


The way to build for revolution is through direct 
action. This means ignoring official ways of protest¬ 
ing such as general elections. Instead, tactics such 
as occupying factories and squatting empty houses 
should be used. 

** It also means making sure that every struggle is 

controlled by the people concerned and not, for 
example, by full time party or union officials. 


Exploitation not only happens in this country. Ordi¬ 
nary people are exploited throughout the world. In the 
"communist" world as much as in the "free" world. 

The experience of every previous revolution shows 

that there can be no successful revolution in one coun¬ 
try alone and that we need to unite with ordinary 
people everywhere if we are to be free. 


If we want to achieve a free classless society, we 
must organise in the same way. 

The A.C.A. rejects equally the idea of creating a 
party in which a central committee hands down orders 
to the members and also the dis-organisation of other 
anarchist groups. Our organisation aims to provide 
an alternative to both. 

Organisation is necessary because it breaks down 
our individual isolation, helps us to share our experi¬ 
ences, and to co-ordinate our activities. In this way, 
each thread of resistance can be gradually woven into 
a tapestry of revolution and freedom. 

/'the people of Battersea. 

/ No-one disputes that the 
y needs are low-cost housing, 
/'unskilled and semi-skilled 
industrial work, nurseries 
y and public services. 

/. Morgans can't make money 
^>out of that, needless to 
/ say, so they will not give 
^ up without a fight. 

INTERESTED ? There are ACA contact addresses 

in Birmingham, Burnley, East Anglia, Glasgow, and 

London. For more details write - or fill in the thing 

below - and send to ACA, Box 2, 136 Kingsland High 

Street, London : E8 2NS. 


I want to join the ACA. 

I'd like more information about ACA . . . 


(tick whichever is appropriate) 



Mickey Mouse's arse in 
flames — Battersea's 
answer to a scheme for 
i tourists' Disneyland in 

Battersea Park._ 

'•DURING the protest on 
\ the wall on June 6th, no 
" end of supporters turned 

* up and so did lots of 

t police. Even the much 
' loved SPG of Sou: hall fame 
\ fame came with guns .' 

* Some folks hgd to be 

* nicked: they were. 

t The Muralists Defence 
' Fund is being supported 
\ by the sale of sets of 

* colour photos of the 

' mural at 7Op. Write to 
\ Bread & Roses for a 
f set. 


Bread and Roses 

from carl harp 

Dear Friends, 

I was very pleased to receive the little package with 
your paper, and the pamphlet introducing your 
association coupled with the note of solidarity. I 
too am an A.C., and was excited to receive your 
literature; what a fine little paper you have, and 
your pamphlet is great. I salute your efforts. 

I also thank you very much for your support of me 
in your paper. 

Enclosed is a newspaper clipping updating my 
situation — as you can see I went through a rough 
go, nearly didn't make it, and am now in the California 
State Prison known as San Quentin. Robert Shane 
Green'and Robert C. Washburn are still at the Wash¬ 
ington State Penitentiary, and so far are well. I too 
now am well and doing o.k. They could use mail for 
the spirits (P.O. Box 520 Walla Walla, Wn. 99362). 

My new address for awhile is now P.O. Box C-7100 
Tamal, Calif. 94964. Please keep me on your mailing 
list and I shall try to contribute articles now and then. 

I wish to fchank all of you who helped with my 
defense fund — it is important that I have that help to 
get any justice at all, every dollar? helps even if that 
is all anyone can send. Letters of protest and support 
are also vital and appreciated; they keep me safe and 
give me strength. I have been struggling for six years 
in prison now, it gets harder and harder as I go along 
cause they hate me more and more, but I can take 
their hate and more if I know I have your love my 
friends and your support. I have no idea how long I 
will be in this prison, but wherever I go you will even¬ 
tually know it — always know you are in my thoughts. 

I send mv love to y ou all*. 

I trust you all know the importance and value of 
study? The best two books on A.C. are Malatesta's 
"Anarchy" and Alexander Berkman's "The ABC of 
Anarchist Communism". Study helps both theory and 
practise. Know what you're about I And remember 
unity is the main weapon of struggle... 

Love and Rage, 

Carl Harp 

Please send money for Carl's legal needs 
to the defence fund;- 

Hennie Mulder 
Hapotoc International 
P.O. Box 10638 
Amsterdam, Holland 

Dear Bread & Roses, 

I welcome the articles you published in the last "Bread 
& Roses", and hope your readers will join or form 
anti-nuclear groups to work with an "organisation" to 
stop nuclear madness. 


Dear A.C.A. 


Thanks for your (Statement of 
aims and principles, constitu¬ 
tion etc. 

Having read through this I 
would like to make one or two 
comments (if I may be so bold). 

I gather that members are ex¬ 
pected to agree with the gist of 
what is stated, although party 
liners is not what you are look¬ 
ing for. To me the main gist 
seems to be the usual (not using 
the word derogatorily), workers 
control, direct action, particip¬ 
atory democracy etc. As I said 
in my letter (to the ACA) I do 
consider myself a communist 
and thus logically agree with 
these aspirations. However 
there is another aspect of your 
ideas which I find harder to 
swallow and I want to know a 
little more about this. This is 
the class sruggle aspect. 

Before I am accused of reac¬ 

tionary middle-class elitism/ 
enemy of the working class I 
will repeat that I am in favour 
of workers control and the 
elimination of non-productive 
social classes etc. But I must 
say that generally when I am 
lectured about the class struggle 
/war etc., I feel I am stuck with 
someone in a 19th centuary time 

L myself, find myself more 
inclined to agree with the 
Anarchist Communism of the 
Murray Bookchin’s of this world 
as opposed to the Alex Berkman’s 
although I recognise (I hope) the 
weaknesses and stmgths of 
both. If you have read Bookchin 
1 am sure you will understand me 
if you haven’t I shall try to 
summarise him. 

Bookchin in my way of think¬ 
ing feels that the traditional 
view that the liberation of the 
working classes is the job sole- 

Dear Bread & Roses, 

Your flat ‘NO’ to the question 
of whether the setting up of 
workers co-operatives is a con¬ 
tribution to the formation of an 
Anarchist society is perplexing. 
You rightly point out that all 
co-op’s, communes, and collec¬ 
tives operate in the very society 
they are trying to change, and 
list their other widely recognised 

But I should have thought 
that the construction of an exp¬ 
anding network of such groups 
which could eventually support 

and supply each other, and 
ultimately become independent 
enough to say “piss off’ to the 
husle'of the old regime, was 
vital If Anarchism is ever going 
to be achieved, can it be brought 
about by a sudden vague, distant 
- future event labelled a 
“Revolution" - however uncom¬ 

The real revolution is going 
on now, and the contribution of 
people setting up devices for 
alternative living should not be 
ignored. They are also at the 
sharp end, doing the hard bits, 
in providing the rest of us with 
somewhere to go when the last 
copper has been gently but 
firmly relieved of his bit of lead 
pipe. It’s down to us, who 
profess some belief in Anarchism 
to learn from their mistakes, and 
give them what support we can. 
Bob Lann, 

Nottingham Anarchist Group. 

Right now they can help by reporting all movements 
of contaminated fuel in Britain — the atomic reactors 
produce no end of waste — three tons of radio isotopes 
frequently pass through our area. I enclose a diagram 
of one of the transport "flasks" with this letter. 

The only safety tests have been done with scale 
models — what if an 80 mph passenger train hits one? 

My group fights the atomic madness with direct 
action and other means and welcomes new fighters. 
Will you publish our contact address?: 9 Combermere 
Rd, London SW2. 


J. Turner 

South London Anti-Nuclear 
Affinity Group 

ly of the working classes is not 
so sacred as many on the left 
would appear to believe. He 
argues that the dialectic (prim¬ 
arily Marxist) which explains 
the change from one class 
society to another, cannot be 
applied to the transformation of 
a class society into a non-class 
society. For a non-class society 
to be reached, a non-class must 
be wrought within the old 
structure who will act as cata¬ 
lysts for change (I myself feel 
that these ideas are not so new 
as they appear. Certain elements 
"can be found in Bakunin’s 

The big question then for me 
is what is the ACA’s view of 
the class struggle? How * ‘ sacred*' 
are the older views to you? and 
to what extent may people join 
theACA who do not hold tradi¬ 
tional views but perhaps have 
sympathy with the type of theory 
I have outlined? 

I look forward to hearing from 
you on this question. I hope I 
don’t sound too theoretical and 
anarehologistic but I am still 
interested in joining the ACA 
but as I am sure you will agree 
the aim of the ACA is to bring 
people together with the same/ 
similar ideas; for this to be 
done people must air their ideas. 
All the best, 


«» «» 


Bread and Roses H 

deserve anything they get. 

and the keepers have a good 
reason for wanting to kill 

Harp. He is a political pris¬ 
oner and a consistent fighter 
for the rights and the lives of 
prisoners He played an im¬ 
portant role in the 1977 strike 
at Walla Walla, one of the 
longest prisoner strikes in 
US. history. He was a 

hide the fact that Spaulding 
and Ray are personally re¬ 
sponsible for the rape and 
the beatings. 

Walla Walla has been 
deadlocked since June 15 
when a guard was killed. 
This death is also the re- 

Carl Harp 


THREE in the morning, floodlights put up, the ball and 
chain demolition man starts work. The target — a 
mural of over 200 feet in length and up to 18 feet high.' 

It took about five hours to knock down the most 
valuable section. McGee's demolition cowboys took 
just that long to smash thousands of hours of painting 
work by over 60 local people . 

It was recognised by the busmen’s garage as 
"about the only good thing threw bricks at him. Some 
in the area", and they 
should know — it was 

Walla Walla Guards Riot, 
Rape Carl Harp 

On the night of July 8, 
prison guards at the Wash¬ 
ington State Penitentiary at 
Walla Walla went on the 
rampage. They began by 
severely beating five prison¬ 
ers—Danny Atteberry, Ma¬ 
nuel Rampola, Danny Clark, 
Lynn Brooks and Gary 
Isaacs. One ' brother, Carl 
Harp, who was in the same- 
ceilblock, began screaming 
at the pigs. They then started 
on Harp. They maced him 
and beat him. They stripped 
his clothes off and torture- 
raped him: a guards' night¬ 
stick was forced up his 
rectum. Then they left him, 
hoping that he would bleed 
to death, and took the other 
prisoners they'd beaten to 
the "third floor" (Walla 
Walla's Behavior Modifica¬ 
tion Unit). 

But Harp didn't die. He 
spent a week in the hospital 
recovering from this sadistic 

Iri response to this latest 
murder attempt, prisoners 
are demanding the firing of 
Warden James "Get-tough" 
Spaulding. For their part, old 
"Get-tough" and Governor 
Dixy Lee Ray are trying to 
blame the assault on 13 
guards. The guards certainly 

sponsibility of Spaulding, 
Ray, and the state of Wash¬ 
ington. For years conditions 
at Walla Walla have had all 
the makings of a torture 
chamber. The Intensive Se¬ 
curity Unit where prisoners 
are kept all day long in cells 
no bigger than the average 
bathroom; the Behavior 
Modification Unit where pris¬ 
oners are beaten with straps, 
tied down to beds until they 
piss on themselves, and 
drugged until they are zom¬ 
bies; the “parole hearings" 
where the fact that you 
looked at a guard cross-eyed 
means continued imprison¬ 
ment. This kind of treatment 
inevitably means that some¬ 
thing is going to blow up. 

Since the mid-June dead¬ 
lock began, there has been a 
war going on in the prison. 
Prisoners weren't even al¬ 
lowed showers. On July 7, 
guards took several prison¬ 
ers out to the yard and beat 
them. The prisoners re¬ 
sponded to these attacks. 
On July 8. 200 prisoners 
smashed up a ceilblock. 
That night, the guards went 
orv their vicious attack. 

Carl Harp was a special 
target; he was number one 
on their hit list* The state 

across the road from 
them. Generally, affec¬ 
tion was not just from 
the painters themselves. 

At 8 that same morning, 
artist Brian Barnes got a 
phone call from a friend. 
That was the first he knew 
about the demolition. He 
rushed down, scaled a re¬ 
maining bit of wall, 
and then the trouble began. 

The McGee firm em¬ 
ployed "cowboys", workers 
not unlike Western cowboys, 
who would be offered good 

crashing through a 
- mainin ^bjL-o Livall. 

ey to sneak the work 
at. This bearded 
• st stood between them 
‘>verLime pay, so they 

Mr Cube — not always 
just Tate & Lyle's (they 
have a smelly factory in 
Battersea) — originally 
thought up as the ruling 
class symbol of opposition 
to post-war nationalisation 

of these went much further 
and rattled down into the 

Thi s was taken over by 
the angry and protesting 
painter, the police closed 
road to traffic .... 
June 6th, Derby Day, it 
stayed that way and HM 
the Queen had to take 
another route to the races 
at Epsom. 

Eventually the police 
managed an arrest, then 
Brian suffered the fate of 
all those "helping the 
police with their enquiries,' 
but not until evening. 

So why did McGee's start 
demolishing the wall? Well, 
they do not work for free'. 
Their paymasters were 
multinational firm Morgan 
Crucible. Morgans gave 

Sir Charles Forte of Trust 
Houses Forte on the dan¬ 
gerous old dipper in the 
old funfair. They never 
got their greasy palms on 
the park. _ 

founding member of Men 
Against Sexism, a multi¬ 
national prisoners' organiza¬ 
tion that fought for the rights 
of gay prisoners. Harp was 
one of three prisoners who 
took 10 hostages in May, 
demanding a federal investi¬ 
gation of the prison. Harp’s 
life has been threatened 
before, but this time the 
guards felt they had the 
ability to carry it out. The 
politics of the attack were 
clear. Harp says: “I was 
shocked when they raped me 
—I couldn't believe it. The 
pain was beyond words and 
then they beat me until I was 
in a daze and could feel no 
pain, calling me a political 
prisoner and a jailhouse 

They will' still be trying to 
kill Carl Harp. He has been 
transferred to San Quentin. 
This is where George Jack- 
son was assassinated. Harp 
needs sunnnrt 

permission fo>- the painting 
with no suggestion of it 
being so short lived. 

They did not like what 
the mural showed.... Its 
design was done after 
consultation with local 
people and as it got under 
way, the office blocks, 
concrete high rise flats 
and old factories were 
shown being swept away 

— including Morgan's 

What replaced^hem 
was houses with gardens, 
small industry, leisure 
playgrounds and a swim¬ 
ming pool — oh, and a 
routemaster bus. 

With plenty of locals 
ready to defend that 
message, Morgans had to 
sneak-attack at night. 

Spite was, however, 
second to profit and the 
wall separated the com¬ 
pany from a large GLC- 
owned site, which to¬ 
gether with their factory 
site they intended to 
develop speculatively for 
offices and luxury flats 

— just what the broom 
was sweeping away. 

At present the demo¬ 
lition continues. The 
cowboys are setting up 
such a dust that downwind 
the houses and flower 
borders are thick with 
it. When dynamiting a 
chimney, which had as¬ 
bestos lining, there was a 


A London Transport route- 
master with busmen's 
portraits _ 

the only person to enter parliament 
with honest intentions 


★ No Postage ★ No Inconvenience ★ No Postal Orders 

Page Two. 



Freedom And Equality 

The Anarchist Communist Association exists to fight for a free 
and equal society in which people control their own lives. 

Society would be planned so that people give what they can 
and get what they need. In place of government there would be 
a network of workplace and community councils. 

Revolution Not Reform 

The courts and parliament, police and army, exist to protect 
the interests of the rich and powerful. 

We know from experience that it is useless to try and reform 
these institutions by electing representatives to parliament. 
Neither can they be captured and used in our interests after a 
revolution. Both simply lead to swapping one form of exploita¬ 
tion for another. 


TThe title of our paper was taken 
from a slogan used by woiaea 
textile workers during a long 
and bitter strike. They said, 

"We don't just want more bread, 
we want roses too." 

Poverty and starvation are still 
are still the evilest crimes of 
the rich and powerful, but our 
glimpse of the 'affluent society' 
has shown us that the food is dry 
and tasteless without freedom to 
enjoy it. 

So the slogan is a call to end 
economic inequality and political 
control from above. 

A Revolution Of Everyday Life 


Relationships now are based on domination and submission: 
bosses over workers, men over women, adults over children. 

We seek to change all of this. We seek not just an economic 
revolution but one that also frees us in our social and personal 

BREAD *t ^QS^ used to be called 
"the paper of the Anarchist 
Communist Association. They’ 
now feel it should be the paper 
of the wider anarchist- communist 
movement and accountable to them. 

Direct Action 

The way to build for revolution is through direct action. This 
means ignoring official ways of protesting such as general elec¬ 
tions. Instead, tactics such as occupying factories and squatting 
empty houses should be used. 

It also means making sure that every struggle is controlled 
by the people concerned and not, for example, by full-time 
party or union officials. 

The aim of the paper is still to 
get anarchist ideas across to 
ordinary working people (whoever 
they may be) rather than other 
anarchists and lefties 

c o any individual or group who 
shares this aim, can 'adopt' the 
oaoer as their own. Contact us 
and we will work out how to share 
the pwoer and responsibility. 


Organisation is necessary because it breaks down our indi¬ 
vidual isolation, helps us to share our experiences, and to 
co-ordinate our activities. In this way, each thread of resis¬ 
tance can be gradually woven into a tapestry of revolution and 

The above is an extract from the Anarchist Communist 
Association's 'Aims And Principles’. We are a group of 
people who are drawn together by the belief that 
anarchists have something to gain by working together 
on a national and international scale. Tie also think 
it important to get away from the idea that anarchists 
are all extreme individualists who reiect the 
ideas of organisation and class struggle. 

The ACA has also started an open 
discussion bulletin which aims to 
discuss practical ways of sharing 
our experiences and making our 
action more effective. 

It is definately not an abstract 
theoretical waffle sheet. 

All individuals and groups should 
at least discuss the need for a 
paper and the bulletin. 

Write to Box 2, 136 Kingsland High Street 
London E8 

'age Three. 

Children are a 

revolutionary -force 

Children are the enemies of alienation. 
They don’t fit into schedules. Doctors and 
nurses draw up timetables for looking after 
babies and then parents feel inadequate 
because the babies don’t conform. Childcare 
is a drag on women not only because it’s done 
in isolation but because it always has to be 
done against the clock, to fit in with shop 
hours, men’s or their own job hours, school 
hours, clinic hours, bank hours, post office 
hours, welfare hours, and its impossible. 

No matter how many day cares they set up 
and how much maternity leave they intro¬ 
duce, children’s needs will always be in con¬ 
flict with bureaucrats’ and bosses’ needs: 
children will always be an obstacle to 
achieving those things which are so highly 
valued, and often economically necessary, in 
this society. 

Whatever we think in principle, the left 
joins with capitalism in rewarding childless¬ 
ness. Its politics are recreational, based on 
the male employee’s schedule, since it was 
men who started the left, and we follow the 
same patterns today despite women’s liber¬ 
ation — you go to meetings after hours and 
on weekends and you do things that cost 
quite a lot of money, like printing leaflets, 
because your money is yours to dispose of. 

The issues concentrated on are mostly 
concerned with jobs or with comparatively 
remote things like frame-ups or foreign 
wars, seldom with the needs of families 
except as they relate to the wage-earner. 
Parents who can’t get to meetings or who 
can’t do their share of the leaflet producing, 
etc., or contribute money to the cause are 
made to feel like passengers. 

Instead of the left seeing its childlessness 
as a weakness, it sees parents as insuffi¬ 
ciently revolutionary or it just ignores them 
altogether. One woman writes (in support of 
abortion): “I don’t think a single woman with 
kids is in a good position to be fighting the 
State.” She offers revolutionary women the 
same choice as does capitalism: marriage/ 
cohabitation or childlessness (dismissing 
communal childcare as something we 
haven’t got yet) — only now it’s imposed in 
the name of the revolution. She, like the rest 
of the left, doesn’t know what fighting is. A 
single woman with kids is fighting the State 
with her very existence. The State hates her 
like poison. It stigmatizes her children, 
degrades her at the welfare office, labels her 
a social problem, and blames homelessness 
on "marriage breakdown" (society can’t 
afford for women to have their own 

Staying Childless 

The State can afford to liberate childless 
women as they’ll always be the minority. 
You don’t fight women’s oppression by 
staying childless, you just lessen it. Of 
course a woman who doesn’t want kids 
shouldn’t have them just for political 
reasons, but neither should she tell those 
who do want them that it’s unrevolutionary 
to have them. 

The real reason why housewives (iftafod- 

ing single parents on welfare or men who 
stay home while their wives have jobs) are 
dismissed by the left is that we are outside 
the power strucutre. No one in authority had 
to approve us for the job, we require no 
licence to do it (though plenty would like to 
introduce it, and the State’s power to steal 
children is a negative kind of licence), we can 
organize our own work without a supervisor. 

I think we should organize more private 
communal child care instead of pressuring 
for more State or industrial day care, which 
are not the same as “community child care," 
although some leftists talk as though they 
were. Institutionalized day care that frees 
parents to join the alienated work force 
really isn’t freedom for women, men or our 
children. It’s freedom for robots. 

What we should do is try to bring work 
patterns into harmony with child care. That 
•means more self-employment, job-sharing, 
part-time and casual work, growing your 
own and doing it yourself to cut down or 
wages needed, going to the land — squatting 
if it’s necessary; everything, in fact, which is 

Power Politicos 

The hard left considers all these things 
irrelevant, and self-employment down right 
reactionary. In this, as in the matter of 
children, it shares the values of capitalism 
which. weights everything—respectable 
status, benefits, opportunities—in favour of 
the long-term, full-time employee and makes 
others feel almost like criminals (which they 
literally are in Communist countries). The 
hard left is composed of power-oriented 
people who identify with union leaders and 

commissars even when they theoretically 
disapprove of them; after their sort of revo¬ 
lution they would just be union leaders 
under a different name and they don’t like 
intractable human material. 

Whatever their politics, most low-grade 
workers hate work and you’re much more 
likely to encourage this natural source of 
revolutionary energy by offering the. hope ft 
some life and freedom now than by fantasi¬ 
zing about mass occupations, general strikes 
and revolutions 20 years in the fyture. 

Communes and the like are justly derided 
when they consist of rich, leisured people 
who have no trouble buying houses and land, 
and imagine that their example will inspire 
the State to dissolve itself and the ruling 
class to give up their excess property 
without a fight. It’s much harder for poor 
people to form communes—the State’s 
housing policy shows that it’s aware of the 
revolutionary potential of communes and 
the repressive power of marriage. But we 
must start and are starting to do it, by 
squatting and treating council estates as 
communes. This makes it easier to survive 
on less wages and without child care which is 
alienated, inconvenient and inadequate (no 
evening and weekend care). 

We should make our politics revolve 
around our daily lives, not restricted to 
after-job hours. (Every couple knows that 
when a meeting or demonstration is on, it’s 
the person who stays home with the kids 
who’s working, making a sacrifice, and the 
person who participates in the so-called 
struggle who’s having a good time.) We 
should reject the bureaucratic politics taken 
up most typically by those who don't mess up 
their lives with anything so untidy and un¬ 
controllable as children. 

(This is a condensed version of an article 
written by Mme de Stael in the British 
magazine Anarchy, "Children are a Bloody 
Nuisance/Revolutionary Force" 



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’age Four 


Whenever unemployment is 
discussed two things are 
certain. One that numbers 
will be quoted. Two tliat 
the discussion will end 
with a call to the gover¬ 
nment to do something. Like 
injecting several thousand 
million pounds to help 
"reflate the economy." 

The number of people 
unemployed quoted offici¬ 
ally is a considerable 
underestimate. It's really 
the number of people 
registered as unemployed. 

For example, because they 
are not entitled to 
benefit many women do not 
register. The true number 
of unemployed could easily 
be 2 \ million. 

If the government do 
reflate the economy later 
this year, they will be 
trying to make British 
industry as 'efficient' 
and profitable as possible. 

As they are running an eco¬ 
nomic system based on fina¬ 
ncial profit and the kind 
of 'efficiency'- that goes 
with it, they have no 
chpice about their priorities. 
If anyone is being made 
redundant as a result of 
new manufacturing methods 
being introduced to 'rati¬ 
onalise' production thev have 

first hand proof that 
'efficiency' and jobs do 
not always go together. 

When unemployment start¬ 
ed to rise the Trade Union 
leaders issued grave warn¬ 
ings about what would 
happen if the number of 
unemployed reached \ million 
...1 million...l%million. 

The government pledged it 
would do everything in its 
power to keep the jobless 
total down. The opposition 
attacked the government for 
its position on unemploy¬ 
ment. Those out of work ate 
used as a political football 
to be kicked around by 
government, opposition, 

TU leaders, and assorted 
political factions. 

A reduction in the 
working week with no 
reduction in pay could make 
a real impact on unemploy¬ 
ment. It would give us 
more leisure time as well. 

The advantages to us are 
obvious. But most employers 
would feel that such a 
socially desirable proposal 
was against their interests, 

- some'persuasion'will be 

Proposals are put forward 
for import controls. The 
arguments for controls 
might sound attractive. 

Won't they save jobs, part¬ 
icularly in industries 
where there is fier^p for¬ 
eign competition? But wh|4 
happens when other govern¬ 
ments retaliate? 

But imagine we could have 
(literally) 'full employ- 
nent' or 'the right to work'. 
It would mean that from the 
time people left school or 
college to the time that 
they retired most people 
would be guaranteed a job 
that bored them, a job that 
they had no control over, 
often a job that was totally 
purposeless or even 
harmful - just to get 
enough money to allow them 
to live. 

Because of this society's 
artificial and unfair 
division of labour between 
the sexes, the experience 
of men and women when unem¬ 
ployed is usually very 
different. Women, when 
they are laid off, usually 
find they have plenty to 
do. Before,they had two 
jobs. One - called 'work' 

- which they got paid for. 

And one - called 'house¬ 
work' and 'looking after 
the family' - which they 
didn't get paid for. After 
being made redundant they 
still find themselves 'in 
work' at their second job. 

For men it's different. 

They find out how much 
work dominated their 
lives, they feel useless 
and even ashamed, as if it 
was their own fault. They 
are suffering from the 
results of a social system 
which has told them that 
their main purpose in life 
is to work - and then can't 
even guarantee work for 

If people can avoid 
being trapped by shame and 
depression there are many 
possibilities, from making 
use of free recreational 
facilities such as libraries 
to organising together with 
other unemployed people in 
Claimants Unions, which 
not only overcome the iso¬ 
lation of unemployed people 
but also help ensure they 
receive the benefits they 
are entitled to. 

When it comes down to 
it the only bad feature of 
unemployment you can't 
abolish by people uniting 
together is the lack of a 
reasonable standard of 
living. The profit domin¬ 
ated economy cannot 
guarantee satisfying work 
or a reasonable standard 
of living. We need to start 
thinking about how to 
break out of its restricti¬ 
ons. The work of the Lucas 
Aerospace Combine Shop 
Stewards Committee in pro¬ 
ducing their 'alternative.' 
plan for Lucas is one 
extremely worthwhile 
initiative. We need to cre¬ 
ate a whole economy where 
people can express themse¬ 
lves through creative work 
which is useful for them¬ 
selves and for people in 
general. We want more than 
a guaranteed SO years on 
the treadmill! 

Page Five 

Two ex-soldiers write about their experiences in the Army. These days the daily 
papers are full of adverts to lead an adventurous life and go places. Young 
workers are clutched out of the dole queues, to be sent over to Ireland to do the 
British government's dirty work. Day to day life in the Army is something quite 
different from the State propaganda, as these accounts show. 

/ like many other fools in recent years 

decided that the only way for me to be able 
to escape and see the world was to join the 
Army. Well in the next few lines / hope to be 
able to inform you of some of the class and 
social struggles encountered whilst in the 

Within the first few weeks from applying 
to join and finding out that you have been 
accepted you are treated courteously by all 
the staff at the recruiting office. Then 
suddenly you're in and bang! all the courtesy 
disappears: you are no longer called by your 
first name as had been the case up till then; 
instead there's a multitude of comments 
doubting the validity of the marital status of 
your parents. 


After having completed your basic training 
you are at last a soldier - or are you? On 
arriving at your regiment, you are given one 
of several jobs which last up to six months, 
one of which is Officer's Batman or should I 
say slave. Slave is what it is - cleaning the 
officer's boots, washing his dirty underwear 
and such like. 

Well that sort of thing went out with the 
end of slavery in the 19th century or so I 
thought, but then I was in the Army and not 
supposed to think for myself. I just had to 
do what my 'betters and superiors' told me, 
regardless of what it was. 


The 'betters and superiors' aspect of 
Army life didn't end there. Even at 
Regimental Dances and Buffets it was always 
Officers and their Ladies' and 'other ranks 
and their womenwith few exceptions In 
the authoritarian hierarchy of the place. 

On joining the Army or any other branch 
of the Armed Forces, you give up your right 
to freedom of choice and speech. Two 
examples of this are regular parades to attend 
Church, and the inability to say what you 
think of such things as Northern Ireland, the 
monarchy and so on. 

Most of the people who join in my opinion 
fit into two categories:- 

1 Those who lose the ability to think and 
act on their own. 

2 Those who rebel and are eventually dis¬ 
charged from the force. 

In closing may I say as an ex-squaddie that 
I avidly read the Soldiers' Supplement in 
'Wildcat' and was astounded by the blatant 
innacuracy of it. It appeared to have been 
written by an ex-Public Schoolboy who was 
in the Cadet Force or something. To take 
just one example. Thompson sub-machine 

Mayday: Origins 

MAY 1 1886 saw 340,000 

workers striking all over the 
United States demanding an 
8-hour day. 

In Chicago alone, 80,000 
came out and here a number of 
anarchist militants agitated 
inside the labour movement. 

The following Monday, the police 
fired on strikers at the McCormick 
Harvester works and six workers 
were killed. 

The next day a protest meeting 
was broken up by the police. In the 
ensuing melee, a bomb was thrown at 
the police, killing one outright and 
fatally wounding seven others. 

Evidence came to light later that 
the bomb had been thrown by a 
police agent. 

The bosses, however, used this 
incident to victimise leading working 
class militants and attempt to break 
the labour movement. 

After a farcical trial, with a jury 
made up of businessmen, their clerks, 
and a relative of a dead policeman, 
four anarchists were hanged, another 
committing suicide before sentence 
could be passed. 

In 1888, the American Federation 
of Labour continued the 8-hour day 
movement with May 1 as a day of 

The Paris conference of the 
Second International in 1890 fixed 
Mayday as an international day of 
solidarity for the 8-hour day. 

That yea?, demonstrations took, 
place all over Europe and America. 

Ninety years after the Chicago 
demonstration, where are we? 
the murder of five anarchist workers 

is conveniently forgotten. 

Just another institution, just 
another great yawn. 

Mayday, once a day on which the 
working class displayed its strength 
and organisation and its spirit 

In Moscow every year, hundreds 
of tanks and ballistic missiles are 
paraded through the streets to 
demonstrate the might of Russian 
imperialism and the power of the 
state bureaucracy over the workers 
and peasants of the USSR. 

In many countries of the West, 
Mayday has become just another 
public holiday. 

Trade union bureaucrats and the 
social democrats make the usual 
empty and meaningless speeches 
about 'socialism', while the 
revolutionary origins of Mayday and 
internationalism, is now just 

Page Six 

guns which the writer claimed he was using 
in the mid-sixties, went out after World War 

Ex-squaddie, Royal Engineers 

/ was 17 years old. A working class boy with 
a spirit of adventure and a healthy fear cf 
both the pit and the dole queue. Since thjse 
were the only alternatives open to someone 
with no 'O' levels, / allowed my relatives to 
talk me into joining the Army. After all, the 
Army offered me a chance to escape from 
home and enjoy a measure of freedom (or so 
/ thought). 


My illusions about Army life were soon 
shattered by the reality of basic training. 
This is a process which is at best degrading 
and at worst soul destroying. It seems to be 
designed to destroy a person's individuality 
and self respect. 

This is so that the previously free individual 
can be Brain Washed into becoming a Robot¬ 
like creature incapable of any thoughts 
which are not placed in his head by the 

The only saving graces of this process are 
that a) it is never 100% effective, and b) the 
training tends to develop the body (if not 
the brain). 

Out of a training platoon of 47 at one 
stage, only 20 of us 'passed out' as trained 
soldiers. This was a 'failure' rate of over 60%. 
Only stubborness and a determination to 
prove my instructors wrong, when they said 
7 would never make it', carried me through 
this period. 

So I became a 'Trained Soldier' and was 
posted to a rifle company in an Infantry 
Battallion. All through training I had been 
told that 'things would be better' when I 
joined my Battallion. The only obvious 
difference was that the Army's repressive 
discipline was more covert in operation. It 
tended to masquerade behind a light hearted 
cameraderie between Officers and Men (ie 
bourgeoisie and workers). 

The impression thus given to the outsider 
is one of good natured class collaboration. 
Nothing could be further from the truth. 
Many squaddies view with disgust the glaring 
inequalities which exist between the Officer 
class and themselves. 


Officers for instance use their positions of 
er to evade the more irksome and petty 
asvects of military discipline; haircutting etc. 
Their reaction to the same show of' 
individuality, in an O/R (other rank) is to 
crush him immediately witfr the full weight 
of Queens Rules and Regulations — a book, 
incidentally, from which it is an offence for 

a squaddie to quote in his cwn defence. 

In fact when I was 'in' I was even refused 
access to the copy of Q/R's kept in the 
Company office. So you can be charged with 
'Failing to Comply' with regulations which 
you are not supposed to know. Now that 
makes sense doesn't it! To them it does. 
After all, it is nonsensical, one-sided 
legalities such as this which preserve the 
bourgeois officer class in their privileged 

The ordinary squaddie rightly or wrongly, 
knowingly or otherwise, has signed away his 
right of free speech. In effect, all his 
'inalienable' civil liberties have been trans¬ 
formed into 'privileges' and as such can be 
instantly taken away in order to Oppress him 
and keep him in his 'place'. 

It is the duty of the working class to come 
out strongly in favour of the self-organisation 
of rank and file soldiers, and the building of 
links with strong sections of workers. 
Remember, soldiers can't demand this for 
themselves, as they would be laying them¬ 
selves open to disciplinary sanctions, charges 
of mutiny, etc..* 

Squaddies are working class too! 

Ex-squaddie, Cheshire Regiment 

the social-democratic and Stalinist 

What is important about Mayday 
is that 'once upon a time' there was 
the show of strength by workers on 
an international level. 

This should be remembered in the 
years ahead, as we fight to resist the 
ruling class offensive and the 
co-option of working class initiatives 
by union bureaucrats. 

To resist and build towards a 
libertarian revolutionary mass 

Page Seven 



Ute Stant a ^Vun^covuC 'Pcvtttf to 

*dead tAe TUonAit^ to devolution? 

tyon TKuot Sc XiddiK?''" 

Over the past few years, Party Builders Associates has aided countless individuals and groups to 
form vanguard parties intelligently tailored to their own needs. These people are now leading 
creative, happy lives fighting one another. What we’ve done for others, we can do for you. 

A few minutes spent in Filling out the following questionaire may be the best investment you will 
ever make. Your answers will enable Party Builders Associates, preserving strict confidentiality, to 
work out a party program that is JUST RIGHT for you and your friends. Our fee for this service is 
so minimal that you would laugh at us if we printed it in this ad. Just send us the most ridiculously 
small amount that you can think of, and we’ll send your change when we send your new platform. 

And now, here’s the questionaire. We advise using a pencil, since these are by no means easy 
questions, and your party will not be able to alter the positions taken here without seriously damag¬ 
ing your credibility among the workers. 

1. The Russian Revolution turned away from 
socialism in: 

□ (a) 1917 

□ (b) 1927 

□ (c) 1953 

□ (d) 1957 

□ (e) It hasn’t yet, but my group will be the first to 
denounce it when it does. 

□ (f) Other (please specify): 

2. Black people are: 

□ (a) A nation 

□ (b) A nation of a new type 

□ (c) A superexploited sector of the working class 

□ (d) Petit-bourgeois 

□ (e) A colony 

□ (0 Please send me more information about this 
controversial group. 

3. The main danger facing the workers’ vanguard in 
the present epoch is: 

□ (a) right opportunism 

□ (b) “left” sectarianism 

□ (c) right opportunism masking as “left” sec¬ 

□ (d) my parents 

□ (e) Other (please specify): 

Mail check or money order today to PARTY BUILDERS ASSOCIATES, Box 1917, St. 
Petersburg, Florida 30301. 

4. Rather than focusing only on narrow economic 
issues, my party will also offer a cultural critique of 
life in advanced capitalist civilization. The following 
are symptoms of capitalist decadence: 

□ (a) homosexuality 

□ (b) Trotskyism 

□ (c) pornographic movies 

□ (d) recent price increases in pornographic 

□ (e) Other (please specify): 

5.1 would like to include the following in the title of 
my party: 

□ (a) Labor 

□ (b) Workers 

□ (c) Revolutionary 

□ (d) Socialist 

□ (e) Communist 

□ (f) Vanguard 

□ (g) Progressive 

□ (h) October (November) 

□ (i) United 

□ (j) International 

□ (k) M 

□ (1) L 

p age "Tine. 

Vallium-The Opium o f the P eople 

BY 1971 prescriptions for 
barbiturates in Britain reached 
twenty million per year, for 
phenythiozine tranquillisers, 
six million; for amphetamines, 
five million; for non-barbiturate 
hypnotics, five million. 

Since 1971 these figures have 
increased considerably, together 
with a vast increase in drug 
dependency, in adverse side 
effects, in hospitalisation for 
overdosage and in accidental 
and suicidal deaths. 

The pharmaceutical industry is 
one of the fastest growing industries 

The profits of the drug companies 
are enormous: the total turnover of 
drug sales in 1971 has been estimated 
conservatively at sixteen billion 
dollars, with the leader of the pack 
being a Swiss firm. Hoffman la Roche, 
doing a turnover in 1971 of one 
thousand two hurydred and fifty 
million dollars. 

The cost of producing drugs is 
minimal but the main aieas of 
expenditure lie in research and 

It isestimated that drug companies 
spend about 15°o of the total amount 
received by sales on research. 

However, much of the 'research is 
the low risk type, since it is directed 
at producing new patents out of 
combinations of old drugs which are 
then marketed with the help of 
aggressive advertising techniques. 

The profits therefore cannot be 
anything but enormous. 

Third World 

Perhaps the most horrific 
manifestations of monopoly 
capitalism are reflected in the 
activities of the drug companies in 
the Third World since they not only 
direct attention away from real health 
problems but actually create more 
problems, as was the case in Europe 
with thalidomide. 

Drugs are not the answer to 
malnutrition and diseases resulting 
from inadequate diet and poor 
sanitation, yet they are prescribed 
widely at enormous cost and under 
no controls. 

In general, prices for drugs in 
India, for example, are 350% higher 
than the average European price. 


The number of women on 
prescribed mood-affecting drugs far 
exceeds that of men. 

Women, particularly unmarried 

women, comprise the largest group of 
psychiatrically hospitalised and 
'treated' Britons today. 

Modern society isolates women in 
the home and defines the reality of 
her oppression as a disease or neurosis 
to be treated or cured by drugs alone. 

The feminist psychologist Mary 
Mannes has defined destructive 
anxieties as a result of "the pressures 
of society and mass media to make 
women conform to the classic and 
traditional image in men's eyes 

They must not only be the perfect 
wife, mother and home maker, but 
the ever young, ever slim, ever alluring 
object of man's desires. 


Every woman is deluged daily with 
urges to obtain this impossible state. 

The real danger is success the 
anxieties engendered by this quest are 
relentless, degrading and corroding, 
while legitimate anxiety am I being 
true to myself as a human being? - is 
submerged in trivia and self 

Once the destructive anxieties are 
created, women naturally tend to 
turn to experts for help and are then 
confronted with the male-dominated 
chauvinistic medical profession. 

Women are usually introduced to 
drugs by their own physicians who 
often recklessly prescribe diet pills, 
tranquillisers, anti-depressants and 

This is for two reasons. The first 
is the tendency for busy doctors to 
write out a quick drug prescription 
rather than spend time finding out 
what's wrong with a patient. 

The second is the success of the 
drug companies in persuading the 
medical profession to accept chemical 
solutions to health problems, even 
emotional ones. 

The biggest abuse is in mental 
hospitals where patients are 
perpetually drugged into complete 
apathy, often with permanent after 

Physicians usually see themselves 
as healers to poor, helpless women, 
but are. in fact the middle men in the 
highly exploitative and aggressive 
drug industry. 

>age Ten 

I have just started my 
teachers training at 
Dordanhill College.After 
only three weeks I have 
got the message - we 
have progressed from the 
bad old days of rote 
learning and authorit¬ 
arian teachers. 

However,there is no 
doubt in my mind that 
the new ’open plan' 
progressive education 
is just as repressive as 
ever it was. 

If you went into the 
classroom of a modern 
primary school,you would 
be surprised how attract 
—ive and interesting the 
place is. Even the 
infant classes have 
their own libraries with 
baby armchairs close by. 

The kids no longer sit 
staring in silence at 
the back of someones 
head. Now the kids sit 
round tables in friendly 
looking groups. 

The walls are covered 
with attractive displays 
and visual aids. 

Students at the college 
are constantly told how 
important it is to get 
.the kids interested and 
involved in the lesson. 

are to be based on the 
childs own experience & 
background,but when it 
comes to teaching pract¬ 
ice I learned what a 
fake this is. 

Teachers still see it as 
their duty to teach 
working class kids to 
accept middle class 
values and behaviour. 

The emphasis is still on 
getting the kids to do 
what the teacher thinks 
is important and not 
what the kids are really 
interested in. 

The kids still sit bored 
while the teacher goes 
rambling on. 

Mere lip service is paid 
to the idea of pupil 
involvement. What this 
means in practice is 
that the teacher asks 
the kids questions to 
make sure they are still 

In Primary I,the kids 
take the game seriously 
and try hard to give 
good answers to the 
teachers questions 

Often it happens that 
chere is more than one 
good answer to a certain 
question,but the kids 
soon learn that the only 
right answer is the 
teachers answer. 

By primary I.U the kids 
do their best to avoid 
answering questions if 
they can - except for 

the 'articulate',middle 

class kids who speak the 
teachers language. 

Surely,good education 
should be based on 
encouraging the kids to 

ASK questions,not just 
to answer them. 

This is a vital 
distinction. The whole 
education system is 
steeped in this hypo- 

The important thing is 
not genuine curiousity 
and educational enquiry. 
What is important is 
testing and examination. 

In this way the educ¬ 
ation system legitim¬ 
ises middle and upper 
class privxjlage an d 
cons the'working class 
irito thinking they are 
fit for nothing but 
their lowly position in 







q. Sounds like a bolshy Beati^G) 


for unity and support Oo) 

DO this in N. IRELAND? ft) 






25. SfND Valcnte5j MEN INTO 
Bondage GO 


1 . DELEGATION follows a small 





S Not allowed in 2'» Society CO 

4. THE orange Businessman would 




It. TELL all CONCERNING calf FlESH (6) 


out of Rouge CO 

EELS (3) 

1 / 




n age Eleven 


’People pretend to be so enlight¬ 
ened about sex these days; 
they talk happily about copul¬ 
ation and such subjects, about 
a dultery and homosexuality 
and lesbianism and abortions. 

Never about masturbation, thougn. 
And yet masturbation is the 
commonest form of sex, and 
tossing off the cheapest and 
most harmless pleasure.’ 

(fhe Hand Reared Boy by Brian 
Ald iss) 

Ans so Aldiss goes on to 
describe the wanking life of 
his fictitious hero, Horry 
Stubbs, with a frankness that 
would probably make most of us 
choke if our best friend were 
c o say over the first pint of 
che evening what a great wank 
he had last night. Of course, 
it would be alright if he were 
describing some ’great lay' or 
’terrific ride’ that he had - 
that is OK. But wanking? No 

way. A wanker after all is 
probably one of the worst ways 
in which to insult a man 
(always a man, women it seems 
might b e loads of things but 
they are never wankers) and 
the implication is ohvious. 
Only fucking - presumably 
fucking between men and women - 
is acceptable sexual activity. 
Anything else is only for kids 
and those who can't do any 
better and if you're one of 
those then just keep quiet 
and don't embarrass the rest of 
us. Let us know when you’re 
gettinglaid and then you can 
join the men. 

Our manliness, our virility is 
measured notby the size of our 
pricks (though that helps) but 
W how often we get laid and 
how many fucks we can manage in 
the one night and it doesn’t 
matter what the state of any 
relationship is - whether it’s 
merely taking advantage of 

one’s partner, regarding them as 
little more than a piece of meat 
(bit of stuff, piece or ass etd) 
- no what matters, to the 
conventional bar room wisdom, is 
sheer physical performance. 

The wanker, we are led to 
believe, is inadequate. He’s 
the one who can’t get laid, who 
can’t score. "Not like me, I 
don’t NEED to wank. 1 can pull 
chicks whenever I want." The 
wanker is therefore something 
less of a man than the rest of 

The really depressing thing 
about such rubbish is that it 
works, it is accepted as true. 
Those of us who aren't getting 
laid regularly can see it what 
for what it is. We can see what 
a load of screwed up relation¬ 
ships surround us, can see that 
most sex talk is just so much 
bull shit. And yet .... this is 
the norm and therefoer it is 
what we are forced to want. And 

yet the wanker is condemned to 
silence and accepts the edfin- 
ition of himself as in some 
sense inadequate. It is a 
particularly vicious circle. 

So if you haven't anyhting 
better to do this evening - 
and what could be better - haye 
one off the wrist - and enjoy 
it. And remember the words of 
th *t great Chinese wit from the 
town of Wanking, 'Masturbation 
is counter revolutionary and 
plays into the hands of the 
reactionaries.’ Good one. 


(Thoroughly recommended to all 
wankers - The Hand Reared Boy 
and A Soldier Erect, by Brian 
Aldiss - both available in 

ti<s 5 5a«o : 

W(u, i HAV£ T O 
y-ooK ov-t Nov 
All ANO LffT 
*<NO\J wutf in 0**4 

BE Twi 60S*